HUL 291: Electronic Governance
P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan
MS 624 | vignesh@hss.iitd.ac.in
Vignesh 1
Framework
• Barriers – External
• Types
• Reference
Vignesh 2
Barriers
• Focus more on ‘external’
• Internal barriers exists – please refer 
‘implementation’ discussion
• Types
– Legis...
Legislative and regulatory barriers
• Recognition of govern. Services
– Legal equality of paper & digital processes ‐‐
• C...
The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2006
Vignesh 5
• The purpose of this bill is to provide protection of personal 
data an...
Budgetary barriers
• ICT investments differ from traditional 
budgeting ‐‐‐
• Competing with other priorities (education)
...
Budget..cont..
Possible solutions
• Major projects as capital investment
• Clear rules & structured autonomy for egov to 
...
Technological Change
• Dealing with legacy systems
• Lack of shared & compatible infrastructure
• Solutions
– Private part...
Digital Divide
• Access to Internet
• Govt. intervention for disadvantaged social 
groups who have low access
• Need to cl...
References
• Organisation for Economic Co‐ operation and 
Development. (2003). The e‐Government 
Imperative, OECD E‐Govern...
• Thank you!
Clarifications
Questions
Comments
Vignesh 11
Govt. initiatives --
Vignesh 12
Budgeting differences --
Vignesh 13
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Barriers

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This presentation talks about the barriers that come across in e-governance.
The context of the presentation is "India"

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Barriers

  1. 1. HUL 291: Electronic Governance P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan MS 624 | vignesh@hss.iitd.ac.in Vignesh 1
  2. 2. Framework • Barriers – External • Types • Reference Vignesh 2
  3. 3. Barriers • Focus more on ‘external’ • Internal barriers exists – please refer  ‘implementation’ discussion • Types – Legislative and regulatory barriers – Budgetary barriers – Technological change – Digital divide Vignesh 3
  4. 4. Legislative and regulatory barriers • Recognition of govern. Services – Legal equality of paper & digital processes ‐‐ • Complexity of requirements  – Project dev. needs to meet regulatory requirements • Collaboration frameworks – Project work across dept. – responsibility &  accountability? • Privacy & security – Govt builds trust by protection – The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2006  Vignesh 4
  5. 5. The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2006 Vignesh 5 • The purpose of this bill is to provide protection of personal  data and information of an individual collected for a  particular purpose by one organization, and to prevent its  usage by other organization for commercial or other  purposes and entitle the individual to claim  compensation or damages due to disclosure of personal  data or information of any individual without his consent and for matters connected with the Act or incidental to  the Act.  • Data controllers have been proposed to be appointed to  look upon the matters relating to violation of the  proposed Act.
  6. 6. Budgetary barriers • ICT investments differ from traditional  budgeting ‐‐‐ • Competing with other priorities (education) • Measuring in real terms is difficult – handicap  in comparative analysis • Treating some ICT investment as capital not  recurrent (maint.)  • Problems in shared funding across agencies,  performance‐based budgeting, profit sharing.  Vignesh 6
  7. 7. Budget..cont.. Possible solutions • Major projects as capital investment • Clear rules & structured autonomy for egov to  maintain confidence • Public‐private partnerships • Funding for innovation • Agreed approach to assessment of costs &  benefits • Retain savings as incentive • Enhanced egov projects collaboration Vignesh 7
  8. 8. Technological Change • Dealing with legacy systems • Lack of shared & compatible infrastructure • Solutions – Private partnership – Tech neutrality in legislation – Flexibility within broad regulatory frameworks  – Stakeholder participation – Procurement driven by performance than tech.  specifications – International co‐operation Vignesh 8
  9. 9. Digital Divide • Access to Internet • Govt. intervention for disadvantaged social  groups who have low access • Need to close the digital divide • Advertising the egov initiatives. (video) Vignesh 9
  10. 10. References • Organisation for Economic Co‐ operation and  Development. (2003). The e‐Government  Imperative, OECD E‐Government Studies,  Paris, France. (Ch. 3)  • Emailed.  Vignesh 10
  11. 11. • Thank you! Clarifications Questions Comments Vignesh 11
  12. 12. Govt. initiatives -- Vignesh 12
  13. 13. Budgeting differences -- Vignesh 13

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