Cadbury’s operations in India.

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Aim of this presentation is to analyse challenges, orientation, concepts, SWOT and related issues in respect of Cadbury’s operations in India.
A ppt by students of PGDM 2012-14 of Era Business School, New Delhi

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Cadbury’s operations in India.

  1. 1. Cadbury's Dairy Milk Chocolate: Evolving "Positioning" over Time A Case Study Era Business School Era Business School Ajay K Raina Ajay K Raina
  2. 2. THE TEAM Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  3. 3. Extracts From Case Study • Traces its iconic rise from a humble origin in UK in 1824. • Evolution from a competitive local product to a gold standard across the globe. • Status of Cadbury Dairy Milk (CDM) chocolates and Bournvita health drink in India. • Various campaigns for its chocolates in India. • The way ahead – How to reduce single category dependency? – How to capture larger share impulse spending? Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  4. 4. CADBURY INDIA • Cadbury India is a wholly owned subsidiary of Cadbury Schweppes . • Employs nearly 2,000 people across India. • 2100 Distributors and 4,50,000 retailers. • Cadbury is mainly into three segments – Chocolates - Over 70 per cent market share. - CDM, Fruit & Nut, Crackle, Temptations, 5 Star, Perk & Celebrations Gift boxes. – Sugar Confectionery –Approx 10 percent market share. - CDM Eclairs, Gems, Gums and minty Halls. – Food Drinks –Around 19 per cent -Bournvita , Drinking Chocolate and Cocoa powder. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  5. 5. AIM • Aim of this presentation is to analyse challenges, orientation, concepts, SWOT and related issues in respect of Cadbury’s operations in India. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  6. 6. SCOPE OF PRESENTATION • • • • • Marketing Environment and Strategic Analysis. Brand Building. Market Challenges and Segmentation. SWOT Analysis. Recommendations Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  7. 7. PART 1 MARKETING ENVIRONMENT AND STRATEGIC ANALYSIS Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  8. 8. KEY SUCCESS FACTORS • Fundamental. The biggest strength of Cadbury is its R & D that helps to form new products or launch a product that is already being marketed in other countries. • India Specific. – The pioneer advantage. – A strong endorser brand. – Right product formulation. – Presence in all segments.School Era Business Ajay K Raina
  9. 9. STRATEGIC BRAND ANALYSIS Competitor Analysis *Strengths and Weaknesses *Strategies External Environment Analysis *PEST *Strategies. CADBURY Organization Analysis *Vision * Values and culture *Brand texture Era Business School Customers Analysis *Need gap analysis *Consumer behaviour Ajay K Raina
  10. 10. ORGANIZATION ANALYSIS • VISION:- “Cadbury in every pocket” and “Superior Shareholder Value”. • VALUES:- An international company, proud of its long heritage. - Respectful of the social and natural environment. - Supportive of their consumers, customers and colleagues . - Committed to the highest standards of corporate governance and corporate and social responsibility. • BRAND TEXTURE:– Associated with romance and sharing, today the richness and smoothness of Cadbury chocolate is what makes it one of the world's favorite treats. – Cadbury is a world-renowned name with more than 150 years of chocolate heritage. Available in over 160 countries, Cadbury is the single largest brand in chocolate on an international basis. – Cadbury had realized that chocolates by itself do not satisfy any immediate needs; so they would have to be associated with human feelings of romance, magic, love and affection. Emotional attachment factor has lately been modified to include the rational perspective so as to catalyze increased Era Business School Ajay K Raina consumption of chocolates within the family.
  11. 11. COMPETITOR ANALYSIS • Chocolate Market. Turnover of Rs. 4500 crore; has three major market players :– Cadbury with 70% of the market share – Nestle having 20% of market share – Amul having a niche market of 7% and remaining 3% with small players. • Brown Drink Market. Turn over of 2000 Cr; has following players:– GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Health Care Ltd – 72% – Cadbury- 17%. – Others (Heinz, Amul, HUL, Wockhardt, Nestle) – 11% Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  12. 12. NESTLE • Strengths: – – – – – Market leader in coffee and baby food sector Well-established distribution network extending to rural areas. Strong brands in the FMCG sector. Low cost operations Large product portfolio. • Weaknesses: – Low presence in health drinks: - In comparison to Bournvita, Horlicks and Boost the market penetration of MILO is very low. – Low Market Share in chocolates as compared to Cadbury’s. – Didn’t get the first movers advantage. – Initially the distribution focus had been on the larger cities and urban areas, which limited their customer base. – Product Formulation. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  13. 13. AMUL • Strengths: – – – – – Strong and extensive distribution and sales network. Large market penetration in dairy industry Age old market presence carries a traditional image. Quality and purity and trust as consumer relationship. Value for money and low price. • Weaknesses: – No focus on the chocolate industry. – Lack of organizational commitment. – Amul chocolates have shown a very limited product differentiation. – Low retailers margin. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  14. 14. FLANK AND SATELLITES • Traditionally has maintained flank. • Meant for pre-empting any moves by a competitor by launching a brand of its own. • Tactical brands like All Silk and Crackle. • Used for the tactical purpose of plugging a gap in the segment where the threat of entry by a rival brand is imminent. • Nestle's successful entry through KitKat in the wafer segment. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  15. 15. CUSTOMER ANALYSIS Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  16. 16. NEED GAP ANALYSIS vis-à-vis COMPETITORS  High (24/8K), Middle (18/5K) and Children (PM) • Retail Price. – Cadbury’s chocolates are costlier than rival products like Nestle and Amul. – Bournvita is cheaper than Complan and Horlicks but at par with Boost. • Packaging. Nestle and Glaxo have an edge while Amul straggles. • Brand Name. Descending order:– Cadbury, Nestle and Amul in chocolate market; – Glaxo, Cadbury and Heinz. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  17. 17. CONSUMER BUYING BEHAVIOUR • • • • FMCG; low involvement product. Variety Seeking Behaviour. Characterised by lots of brand switching. Holds 70 % of market share; this variety-seeking behavior has not affected its sales negatively. • Wafer chocolates segment - company faces strong competition from Nestle’s Kit Kat. • Need to increase brand loyalty for its brands to deter competition. • Need to increase consumer’s involvement with chocolates. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  18. 18. EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS • The Chocolate Industry in India – growing by nearly 35% – predominantly urban with coverage of 95%. • P – Political. Any change in taxation policy, labour law, environmental law, trade restrictions, tariffs, and political instability; picture looks stable. • E – Economic. Economic growth, interest rates, exchange rates and the inflation rate; reduced weights. • S – Social factor. Younger nation- open to new launches; better work force scenario. • T- Technology. In-house R&D is the strength.K Raina Era Business School Ajay
  19. 19. PORTER'S 5 FORCES MODEL Substitutes Substitutes like Ice Creams, potato chips, biscuits, soft drinks, chewing gum, are a source of threat as well as opportunity for market expansion. Suppliers Major raw material suppliers are cocoa producers in Latin American countries. Due to negligible Domestic production in India, suppliers enjoy high bargaining power. Milk supply also fluctuates, therefore, in summer months, milk suppliers gain sufficient bargaining power. Competitors All the major players have financial muscle to sustain their brands; All players following a pull strategy. Buyers Since chocolates do not satisfy any immediate needs, it is not a necessary item. Consumer power is very high and consumers need to be persuaded through various positioning planks to consume chocolates. New Entrants Imminent entry of global majors like Hershey's, Mars etc. is bound to change the power equation in the Indian chocolate market. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  20. 20. PART 2 – BRAND BUILDING Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  21. 21. THE BRAND CADBURY IN INDIA • Entry in 1948 - India was a tough nut to crack with its diversifications. • Major challenge was to get people accustomed to chocolatesprimarily seen as a western taste . • It decided to use a common platform that is universal to all cultures – ‘The platform of love and affection’. It used emotional appeals to position its brand as a surrogate to parental affection for their kids. • The positioning clicked for Cadbury but the brand audit done a few years later revealed that it had restricted its market to the kids. • The marketers decided to position the product ‘for the kid in all of us’. • The communication for the new positioning was ‘The Real Taste of Life’. • It portrayed itself as a perfect expression of spontaneous happy, joyous feelings. • Cadbury conducts regular audits and tries to reinvent its strategies Era Business School Ajay K Raina according to the findings of the audits.
  22. 22. BRAND IDENTITY • Brand identity is a unique set of brand associations that the brand strategist aspires to create or maintain. These associations represent what the brand stands for and imply a promise to customers from the organization members. • Gold promise. • Joyful, Light-hearted, Carefree. • Functional Benefit: Taste and contented • Emotional Benefit: Happiness • Self-Expressive Benefit: Being yourself; liberation • Being a big time spender on advertisements, Cadbury has, time and again, addressed this issue. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  23. 23. BRAND POSITIONING Positioning is the space occupied by Cadbury in the minds of the target audience For whom? *Kids, teens, mums, adults, mature adults. *(FOR EVERYBODY) Why? *Offers rich taste *Kya swad hai zindagi main CADBURY When? *All purpose consumable. *Gifts, Light snack Against whom? *Competitors like Nestle, Amul *Substitutes like Chips, Biscuits. Idea of positioning Cadbury is toEra Business School occupy a distinct space, which is differentiable, yet powerful. Ajay K Raina
  24. 24. Basis of positioning • Product based positioning. – Kya swad hai zindagi main. – Thodi si pet puja kabhi bhi kahi bhi • Strong corporate brand. – Consumers know they can trust a chocolate bar that carries Cadbury branding. – Symbiotic with some brands such as Dairy Milk. – Distant relationship e.g. Crunchie. – Positioning of the umbrella brand Cadbury is such that it signifies trust to a great extent because of which the brand has a massive fan following. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  25. 25. ANALYSIS OF POSITIONING • Cadbury’s main strength comes from it ability to market CDM products after altering the theme and functionality of the product as the time demands, through advertisements. • Although this has allowed it to control more of the market than its closest competitors, the reasons for its success may also lie in the fact that many Indians still view its chocolates as luxury products and not as household goods. • This contradicts Cadbury’s assertion that its leadership is maintained by a “superior marketing mix”. • Cadbury India may have misinterpreted the popularity of CDM as a sign that the Indian public has accepted it as a household product. In fact, the booming economy and the increasing affluence of the burgeoning middle class have promoted the use of status symbols, where the regular consumption of so-called luxury chocolates such as CDM is viewed as fashionable. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  26. 26. BRAND PERSONALITY • A product's brand personality is a description of its characteristics in relation to the target market for the product. • It assists marketers to develop suitable advertising and promotional campaigns for the product. – Cadbury’s Dairy Milk – The Rebel Leader; Brand Personality of youthful exuberance and rebelliousness – 5 Star – The champion companion; Male personality and reliability – Perk – The girl next door; Brand personality of a warm, perky, naughty accessible, Indian girl next door – Milk Treat – Children’s Superhero; For kids and School going children Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  27. 27. PART 3 - MARKETING CHALLENGES AND SEGMENTATION Era Business School Era Business School Ajay K Raina Ajay K Raina
  28. 28. MARKETING CHALLENGES…. • Pre 1990s. – Perceived to be western products. – Consumed as indulgence and not as a snack food. – Only for kids; brand stagnation. – Negative associations. • 1990s. – Nestle; Kit Kat. – Ferrero, Lindt, Ritter brands. – Communication barriers with middle/bottom rung clientele. • 2000s. – Worm controversy.Business School Era Ajay K Raina
  29. 29. …MARKETING CHALLENGES…. • Chocolate penetration was only 5% in 2000 and now it hovers around just 22% of the consumers. • Comparatively, cookies, considered to have only modest penetration, have reached 56% of Indian households. • Per capita consumption is estimated to be just over 180g for chocolate in India where as it is as high as 12 Kgs in USA. • Despite a healthy growth potential, this is still a very small market with sales concentrated primarily in urban areas and better-off rural areas. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  30. 30. …..MARKETING CHALLENGES…. • The urban market is brand conscious; the rural market is price conscious. • Emergence of small players in boiled sugar candy segment. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  31. 31. ….MARKETING CHALLENGES • Current. – How to retain urban customers with markets opening up globally. – How to expand marginal customer base. – Small operators and sweets manufacturers (e.g. Haldi Ram) coming up with own range of chocolates. – How to expand market that is actually a miniscule as compared to global trends. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  32. 32. CHALLENGES : BOURNVITA • Malted health beverage market has fared well as far as beverages for kids are concerned. • Market is still plagued by low levels of consumer awareness in some specific sectors. • Rural reach for such products is also low due to premium pricing. • Consumers in such markets have a conservative mind-set and prefer traditional foods that are home-made over processed packaged foods. • Very little product improvement witnessed in this category. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  33. 33. MARKET SEGMENTATION • CDM aims to be a relatively inexpensive treat. • Focus on following market segments, as divided by :– Demographic Variables. • Age- 1990s : Single point focus on kids and parental love shifted to adult consumers. • Income - “Real taste of life” campaign (2008) attempted to absorb low income customers – – – – – Lifestyle Variables- affluent class to low income group. Break Segment – Short break during work, eg Perk or snacks range. Impulse Segment – At the spur of the moment . Take home segment – Gifts and festival packs. Technological knowledge – It has tried to tap into the potential market of younger generation internet users by offering contests and hosting competitions online. – Health-consciousness - Bournville Dark Chocolate bar, similar to the Dairy Milk bar, targets the health-conscious market segment of the chocolate market. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  34. 34. PRICING STRATEGY • Dual for chocolates; differentiated for health drink. • Chocolates. – Premium pricing (higher than that of competitors but based on brand name) ;as also – Penetrative pricing (small packs at a very low price). – The smallest CDM, priced at Rs. 5, is affordable by many middle-class Indians as an occasional treat, but not affordable for those who buy from the ‘less-than-3-Rupee’ segment of the market. • Health Drink. – Limited to a small difference between glass/plastic jars and poly bags. – Lacks penetrative power since even small packs are also expensive. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  35. 35. EFFICACY OF MARKET SEGMENTATION….. • Overall effective. • It allows them to target all three major market segments that cater for children/adults, health conscious and technologically-savvy consumers, but it does not serve those segments of the market that have been divided by income levels. • Although Dairy Milk is affordable to the upper and middle-income consumers who view it as a mid-priced item, lower income consumers who buy from the lessthan-3-rupee range of chocolate cannot afford to buy Cadbury Dairy Milk regularly. • Feasibility of further price reduction without affecting Era Business School Ajay of this quality of the product, is beyond the scope K Raina ppt.
  36. 36. ….. EFFICACY OF MARKET SEGMENTATION • Indian consumers seem to be satisfied with CDM as its marketing promotes it as an occasional indulgence, despite popular opinion that it is a relatively expensive luxury product. • This restrained marketing has allowed the chocolate to slowly become a measure of quality for many Indians, as CDM is their “Gold Standard” for chocolate, where the “pure taste of CDM defines the chocolate taste for the Indian consumer”. • In fact, Cadbury Dairy Milk was voted one of the India’s most trusted brands in a poll conducted in 2005. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  37. 37. DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM • Indian retail sector is composed of 97% “family-run, street corner stores” and the remaining 3% consisting of malls and shopping complexes. • Therefore, Cadbury India Ltd. produces its products in factories spread geographically across India, but also sells its products through a chain of over 450,000 retailers spread across India. The efforts of these retailers are augmented by the support of 2100 distributor locations and 27 depots. • Almost 3100 locations are directly supplied by Cadbury India Ltd distributors at least thrice a month. • These distribution networks give Cadbury India its competitive edge in Business School India’s massive consumer market. Era Ajay K Raina
  38. 38. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  39. 39. SWOT ANALYSIS • Strengths. - Cadbury is the largest global confectionery supplier, with 9.9% of global market share. - Very strong brand equity in India. - Sound network of 2100 distributors; 4.5 Lac retailers. - Strong manufacturing competence, established brand name and leader in innovation. - Better market penetration. - Advantage that it is totally focused on chocolate, candy, chewing gum; It has a unique understanding of consumer in these segments. Era Business School Ajay K Raina - Huge advertisement budgets.
  40. 40. SWOT ANALYSIS • Weaknesses. -The company is dependent on the confectionery and beverage market, whereas other competitors e.g. Nestle have a more diverse product portfolio, where profits can be used to invest in other areas of the business and R&D. -The technology being used in India is not at par with that being used elsewhere, notably, Europe. - Not been able to capture ‘below Rs 3/-’ market. - Losses during transit. School Era Business Ajay K Raina
  41. 41. SWOT ANALYSIS • Opportunities. -Tremendous scope for per capita consumption (180 gms v/s 12 Kg). - Increasing per capita national income resulting in higher disposable income. -Growing middle class and growing urban population. - Increasing gifts cultures. - Substitute to “Mithais” with higher calories/ cholesterol. -Increasing departmental stores concept – impulse @ at cash counters. - Globalization: optimal use of global Cadbury Schweppes. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  42. 42. • Threats SWOT ANALYSIS - There is an increasingly demanding cost environment, particularly for energy, transport, packaging and sugar. - Aggressive price and promotion activity by competitors - possible price wars in developed markets. - Social changes - Rising obesity and consumers obsession with calories counting. - Globalization - there are chances of more and more MNCs entering the Indian market. - Local substitutes. - FDI entries now allowed. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  43. 43. PART 5 - RECOMMENDATIONS Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  44. 44. RECOMMENDATIONS…. • Cadbury’s major problems are linked to the need for very responsive distribution network due to the perishable nature of its products. Costs go up and problems like the worm episode arise. • Indian consumers mainly consume sweets during some festivals. It must come up with innovative offerings for its chocolates to suit the need during such occasions. e.g.: Come up with shapes similar to Indian Sweets and package it innovatively reflecting the festival colors. • Start exploring newer distribution channels like E-tailing where high value chocolates are sold in specialized packs. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  45. 45. …..RECOMMENDATIONS • Despite Amul’s longer history in India, its chocolates are viewed as being local and not luxurious, justifying a lower price tag. Cadbury India must maintain its current marketing strategy but slowly start to promote Dairy Milk as a household good so that consumers spend their rising disposable incomes on it and boost its sales. • A huge part of population is still uncovered; potential must be tapped. • Product innovation in malt drink and boiled sugar confectionaries will reduce dependence on CDM. • Acquisitions and mergers mode must be exploited. Era Business School Ajay K Raina
  46. 46. THANK YOU Era Business School Ajay K Raina

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