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Nassm 2001


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Nassm 2001

  1. 1. INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS: Evaluation, Supervision & Institutional Support Jo Williams Nichols College
  2. 2. ROLE OF INTERNSHIPS <ul><li>Wide recognition of value of internships (Cuneen & Sidwell, 1994; NASPE-NASSM, 2000; Scott, 1992; Tooley, 1997; Verner, 1993) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of knowledge learned in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build resume/recruitment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Included in NASPE/NASSM program standards. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MANAGEMENT OF INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS <ul><li>Challenge for administrators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition for quality experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements of multiple internships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department standards & expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate supervision by faculty and on-site personnel (Tooley, 1997) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation methods </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. MANAGEMENT OF INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS (Cont’d) <ul><li>Institutional endorsement and support (Chouinard, 1993) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial - budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition of time demands for coordinators </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. PURPOSE <ul><li>Hired to develop new sport management program </li></ul><ul><li>Researched other programs through personal contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Raised many questions </li></ul><ul><li>Key area - Institutional support </li></ul>
  6. 6. METHODOLOGY <ul><li>22 item questionnaire developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General program characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of internships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervision of internships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mailed to Sport Management Program Directors at all colleges and universities listed on NASSM’s Website & SBJ (134). </li></ul>
  7. 7. DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION <ul><li>Public Institutions - 65% Private Institutions - 33% </li></ul><ul><li>Program size ranged from 10 - 450 students Mean - 102 students </li></ul><ul><li>Number of years program offered ranged 1.5 - 34 years </li></ul><ul><li>Number of full-time faculty teaching within the sport management department ranged from 1 - 12 faculty </li></ul>
  8. 8. GENERAL PROGRAM CHARACTERISTICS <ul><li>76% of programs required an internship </li></ul><ul><li>Variety factors required prior to securing internships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 80% required : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific GPA (2.0 - 3.0) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percentage of coursework to be completed (25% - 100%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Credits received for internship (3 - 16) </li></ul><ul><li>16 - 900 hours required for completion </li></ul>
  10. 10. INTERNSHIP EVALUATION & GRADING <ul><li>Final grade based on academic and practical components </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of policies reported </li></ul><ul><ul><li>29% - Awarded 50% of grade to academic component & 50% to practical component. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6% - Entire grade based on job performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade awarded to academic component ranged from 0-80% </li></ul>
  13. 13. INTERNSHIP COORDINATION <ul><li>87% of respondents reported having a faculty member designated as the Internship Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Release time provided to 70% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of scenarios </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. SUPERVISION ISSUES <ul><li>2/3 of programs do not conduct on-site visits for all interns </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of criteria used to determine if visit will occur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance from campus - 64% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Range 50-500miles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost/budget - 44% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship building with agency - 37% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other criteria - 17% </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. SUPERVISOR COMPENSATION (SUMMER) <ul><li>58% of institutions offered compensation for supervising interns during the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation policies include; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per student fee - 17% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$75 - $475 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat fee - 24% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$1700 - $3000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Percentage of tuition - 17% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% - 75% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. KEY FACTORS OF A QUALITY INTERNSHIP PROGRAM <ul><li>Ranking of factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong relationship with sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional reputation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alumni leaders in the field/Alumni network </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES <ul><li>Strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li># of opportunities/contacts/relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student quality/enthusiasm/preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty expertise & commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alumni network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of institutional support/funds/release time </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Overall Program Status <ul><li>No “one size fits all” approach to a quality program </li></ul><ul><li>Individual institutions very different </li></ul><ul><li>Many quality programs exist </li></ul><ul><li>Can learn from each other - “Best practices” - modified </li></ul>