Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Rural sociology


Published on

All the Best MSWs !!!

Published in: Education

Rural sociology

  1. 1. RURAL SOCIOLOGY <ul><li>MSW II YEAR III SEM </li></ul><ul><li>UNIT I </li></ul><ul><li>RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
  2. 2. RURAL SOCIOLOGY SNO Chapters Content 1 Chapter – 1 Definition, Origin and Scope 2 Chapter – 2 Comparisons Urban & Rural Sociology 3 Chapter – 3 Indian Villages History Power Structures, Class Types Occupational Patterns 4 Chapter – 4 Family , Kinship System
  3. 3. RURAL SOCIOLOGY <ul><li>Chapter 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Definition, Origin and Scope </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition – Rural Sociology <ul><li>By few foreign sociologists </li></ul><ul><li>Chapin F. Stuart – a Study of rural population, rural social organization and rural social processes in rural society. </li></ul><ul><li>Senderson – Rural Sociology is the social life in rural society. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Sociologists : </li></ul><ul><li>Definition by A.R. Desai is the most suitable and closer to Indian society. He observes Rural Sociology as “the science of laws of development of rural society” with the prime objective to make scientific, systematic and comprehensive study of the rural social organization, of its structure, function and objective tendencies of development and on the basis of such studies to discover the laws of its development. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Origin <ul><li>Sociology of rural life in the systematic form has originated from US </li></ul><ul><li>It is originated from the report of the Country life commission (CLC) appointed by American President, Theodore Roosevelt, in 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>CLC was to study the rural social problems and make recommendation for improvement of rural life </li></ul><ul><li>The finings of CLC report were presented to the members of American Sociological Society in its annual meetings </li></ul>
  6. 6. Origin <ul><li>This has motivated the sociologists to take up study of rural society in a massive way. </li></ul><ul><li>A journal entitled Rural Sociology was first time launched in USA in 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>John M. Gillette was the pioneer in writing a text book on rural sociology in 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Currently more than 800 Professors and research workers are engaged in developing rural sociology in US </li></ul>
  7. 7. Origin - In India <ul><li>Study done by Sir Henry S. Maine. </li></ul><ul><li>The author of two books namely </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Law (1861) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Society (1877) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He wrote about Indian Villages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However the study was more on comparisons with Teutonic and Slavonic </li></ul>
  8. 8. Scope <ul><li>Rural Sociology is a very young science among social sciences . </li></ul><ul><li>Study of Rural Life is different from urban </li></ul><ul><li>The scientific, Systematic and comprehensive study of rural communities, to discover the law of development of rural society </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Chapter 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Urban & Rural Sociology </li></ul>
  10. 10. Urban Sociology <ul><li>Urban sociology is the sociological study of social life and human interaction in metropolitan areas. It is a normative discipline of sociology seeking to study the structures, processes, changes and problems of an urban area and by doing so providing inputs for planning and policy making. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Criteria for distinguishing Rural / Urban communities <ul><li>Occupational </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Density of population </li></ul><ul><li>Practices – Homogeneity / Heterogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Direction of migration </li></ul><ul><li>Social Differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>System of Interactions </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Chapter 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Villages </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Power Structures, Class </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Patterns </li></ul>
  13. 13. Indian Villages History <ul><li>The Indian Villages were discussed by valmiki in Ramayana and they were also referred in Mahabharata </li></ul><ul><li>As valmiki mentions, the smaller were called Ghosh and bigger are called Gram </li></ul><ul><li>The Mahattar is the official at both Gram and gram called Gram Mahattar and Ghosh Mahattar </li></ul><ul><li>Gramani is another official at village level. In ramayana when Rama killed ravana, the notes say, the gods sing praising Rama as lord and Gramani </li></ul><ul><li>This signifies the respect to Gramani </li></ul>
  14. 14. Indian Villages History <ul><li>322 BC – Alexander the great </li></ul><ul><li>Nanda Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>321 BC – 185 BC Mauryan </li></ul><ul><li>185 BC and later, Manu describes the rules on how an kingdom must function. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Indian Villages History <ul><li>Manu reign: </li></ul><ul><li>Gramik 1 Village </li></ul><ul><li>Dashi 10 Villages </li></ul><ul><li>Vishanti – 20 Villages </li></ul><ul><li>Shata Gramadhipati – 100 Villages </li></ul>
  16. 16. Indian Villages Power Structures <ul><li>Communities – Not Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Self Governing – But not Democratic </li></ul>
  17. 17. Indian Villages Types <ul><li>Based on Transition from nomadic to settled village life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Migratory Agricultural Villages – In fixed abodes, only for few months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi Permanent Agricultural Villages – The populations live here for few years and migrate after the exhaustion of the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent Agricultural Villages – Where people live for generations and even for centauries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Habitation Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleated – The farmers stay as a single cluster. They work outside the outside the agricultural land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispersed – The farmers live separately on their agricultural farms </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Indian Villages Types <ul><li>Based on Social Differentiation, Stratification, mobility and land, Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant Joint Owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant Joint Tenants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers/Individual owners & Tenants/Laborers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Farmer Tenants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees of a private Land Owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees and Laborers </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Chapter 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Family </li></ul>
  20. 20. Rural Sociology : Family <ul><li>Eminent rural sociologists have observed the rural family system very closely and have their characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Homogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Peasant Household </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Discipline and Interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance of Family Ego </li></ul><ul><li>Authority of the Father </li></ul><ul><li>Closer participation in Various Activities </li></ul>
  21. 21. Kinship <ul><li>Stronger Family ties </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependancy </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>THE END </li></ul>