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Star Gates: the Theory and Practice

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Call them Stargates, Jumpgates, Fargates, Hypertubes or just an invitation to every unwanted pest from the far reaches of the Galaxy to visit, they are absolutely necessary if we are to have the glorious Science Fiction action we desperately need. But could they actually be built? We look at what modern physics has to say: how to glue black holes together to build a wormhole, how to avoid the dangers of spaghettification, radiation poisoning, and paradox noise, and just what it would take to build one in practice.

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Star Gates: the Theory and Practice

  1. 1. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 StarGates: Theory & Practice John Ashmead
  2. 2. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 chevron 7 engage
  3. 3. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 chevron 7 engage • Wormhole
  4. 4. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 chevron 7 engage • Wormhole • Occasional real physics, i.e. time dilation effects
  5. 5. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 chevron 7 engage • Wormhole • Occasional real physics, i.e. time dilation effects • What’s behind the curtain?
  6. 6. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 The Fall of Hyperion
  7. 7. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016
  8. 8. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  9. 9. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  10. 10. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  11. 11. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  12. 12. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  13. 13. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  14. 14. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  15. 15. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  16. 16. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  17. 17. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  18. 18. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  19. 19. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  20. 20. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  21. 21. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  22. 22. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  23. 23. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  24. 24. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Beware of unexpected doors!
  25. 25. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Steampunk Portal
  26. 26. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Making contact with the science
  27. 27. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate
  28. 28. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate • Any instantaneous transport
  29. 29. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate • Any instantaneous transport • Usually associated with a gate or a tube (slime trails in space)
  30. 30. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate • Any instantaneous transport • Usually associated with a gate or a tube (slime trails in space) • View from the backside? stargates & the continuum
  31. 31. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate • Any instantaneous transport • Usually associated with a gate or a tube (slime trails in space) • View from the backside? stargates & the continuum • StarGates & Faster-than-light travel (i.e. Instant!)
  32. 32. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 What do we mean by a StarGate • Any instantaneous transport • Usually associated with a gate or a tube (slime trails in space) • View from the backside? stargates & the continuum • StarGates & Faster-than-light travel (i.e. Instant!) • StarGates & Parallel universes (don’t go there)
  33. 33. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FTL = Time Travel
  34. 34. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FTL = Time Travel • Instant from A to B (from A’s perspective)
  35. 35. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FTL = Time Travel • Instant from A to B (from A’s perspective) • Instant from B to A (from B’s perspective)
  36. 36. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FTL = Time Travel • Instant from A to B (from A’s perspective) • Instant from B to A (from B’s perspective) • Backwards in time to A
  37. 37. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FTL = Time Travel • Instant from A to B (from A’s perspective) • Instant from B to A (from B’s perspective) • Backwards in time to A • Watch out for paradox noise
  38. 38. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 StarGates in Science • Quantum Teleportation (EPR) • ER Wormholes: Einstein-Rosen Bridges (ER) • Quantum entangled wormholes (ER = EPR)
  39. 39. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spooky action at a distance
  40. 40. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spooky action at a distance • Mysterious connection
  41. 41. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spooky action at a distance • Mysterious connection • Newton disapproves
  42. 42. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spooky action at a distance • Mysterious connection • Newton disapproves • Einstein disapproves
  43. 43. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spooky action at a distance • Mysterious connection • Newton disapproves • Einstein disapproves • Bell confirms
  44. 44. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FLASH
  45. 45. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FLASH • Use EPR to send information faster than light
  46. 46. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FLASH • Use EPR to send information faster than light • Nick Herbert
  47. 47. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 FLASH • Use EPR to send information faster than light • Nick Herbert • 1982!
  48. 48. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 No cloning
  49. 49. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 No cloning • No-cloning discovered by from FLASH!
  50. 50. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 No cloning • No-cloning discovered by from FLASH! • Information conserved
  51. 51. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 No cloning • No-cloning discovered by from FLASH! • Information conserved • Deep & imperfectly understood
  52. 52. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum teleportation
  53. 53. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum teleportation • Moving quantum information
  54. 54. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum teleportation • Moving quantum information • Like transferring pod people
  55. 55. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum teleportation • Moving quantum information • Like transferring pod people • Except that the original is lost!
  56. 56. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes
  57. 57. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding
  58. 58. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding • Vortices
  59. 59. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding • Vortices • Negative energy
  60. 60. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding • Vortices • Negative energy • Quantum Banking
  61. 61. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding • Vortices • Negative energy • Quantum Banking • Seeing the invisible
  62. 62. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Wormholes • Embedding • Vortices • Negative energy • Quantum Banking • Seeing the invisible • Spaghettification
  63. 63. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Embedding
  64. 64. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Embedding • Like pages of a book
  65. 65. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Embedding • Like pages of a book • Black hole glue
  66. 66. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Embedding • Like pages of a book • Black hole glue • Then large rollers to flatten out on each side
  67. 67. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Negative Energy
  68. 68. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Negative Energy • Lots of positive energy required
  69. 69. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Negative Energy • Lots of positive energy required • Also, negative energy
  70. 70. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Negative Energy • Lots of positive energy required • Also, negative energy • Constant feature of all wormholes
  71. 71. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Banking
  72. 72. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Banking • Longer the pulse, the weaker
  73. 73. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Banking • Longer the pulse, the weaker • Pay-back ensues
  74. 74. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Banking • Longer the pulse, the weaker • Pay-back ensues • And interest
  75. 75. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 vortices
  76. 76. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 vortices • Strong association between vortices & stargates
  77. 77. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 vortices • Strong association between vortices & stargates • Framedragging
  78. 78. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 vortices • Strong association between vortices & stargates • Framedragging • May be hard to keep the wormhole mouth open without something spinning.
  79. 79. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Seeing the invisible
  80. 80. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Seeing the invisible
  81. 81. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spaghettification
  82. 82. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spaghettification • Tendex lines
  83. 83. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spaghettification • Tendex lines • Blue is squeeze
  84. 84. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spaghettification • Tendex lines • Blue is squeeze • Red is stretch
  85. 85. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Spaghettification • Tendex lines • Blue is squeeze • Red is stretch • Oil is found
  86. 86. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Creating a Bridge between Quantum Mechanics & General Relativity
  87. 87. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Creating a Bridge between Quantum Mechanics & General Relativity • Maldacena & Susskind (2014)
  88. 88. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Creating a Bridge between Quantum Mechanics & General Relativity • Maldacena & Susskind (2014) • Einstein thought of earlier
  89. 89. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Creating a Bridge between Quantum Mechanics & General Relativity • Maldacena & Susskind (2014) • Einstein thought of earlier • Solves some problems with black holes
  90. 90. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Information paradox
  91. 91. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 But Black Holes “eat” information
  92. 92. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Hawking Radiation
  93. 93. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Hawking Radiation • Virtual pairs form all the time
  94. 94. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Hawking Radiation • Virtual pairs form all the time • Sometimes one captured, other escapes
  95. 95. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Hawking Radiation • Virtual pairs form all the time • Sometimes one captured, other escapes • Carrying energy with it
  96. 96. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Hey dude, where’s my Qbits?
  97. 97. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 ER = EPR
  98. 98. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 ER = EPR • Catchy name: Einstein- Rosen = Einstein- Podolski-Rosen
  99. 99. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 ER = EPR • Catchy name: Einstein- Rosen = Einstein- Podolski-Rosen • Wormholes & entangled particles: opposite ends of size spectrum
  100. 100. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 ER = EPR • Catchy name: Einstein- Rosen = Einstein- Podolski-Rosen • Wormholes & entangled particles: opposite ends of size spectrum • Solves some technical problems
  101. 101. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Lots of tub-y things
  102. 102. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Lots of tub-y things • Stuff falls into Black Hole
  103. 103. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Lots of tub-y things • Stuff falls into Black Hole • Hawking radiation escapes
  104. 104. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Lots of tub-y things • Stuff falls into Black Hole • Hawking radiation escapes • But mysterious connection causes information to be preserved
  105. 105. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Monogamy
  106. 106. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Quantum Monogamy • Except now the stuff falling in is connected to lots of stuff escaping out, violating monogamy!
  107. 107. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 But is it Crazy enough to be True?
  108. 108. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 But is it Crazy enough to be True? • Negative energy
  109. 109. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 But is it Crazy enough to be True? • Negative energy • Entropy and the direction of time
  110. 110. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 But is it Crazy enough to be True? • Negative energy • Entropy and the direction of time • Meaning of space time
  111. 111. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Are we positive about energy?
  112. 112. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Are we positive about energy? • Average Weak Energy condition: energy mostly positive
  113. 113. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Are we positive about energy? • Average Weak Energy condition: energy mostly positive • Requirement from quantum field theory
  114. 114. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Are we positive about energy? • Average Weak Energy condition: energy mostly positive • Requirement from quantum field theory • But may not be fundamental
  115. 115. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Entropy & the direction of time
  116. 116. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Entropy & the direction of time • “Deepest humiliation”
  117. 117. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Entropy & the direction of time • “Deepest humiliation” • Entropy or bust
  118. 118. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Entropy & the direction of time • “Deepest humiliation” • Entropy or bust • But …
  119. 119. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Fabric of spacetime
  120. 120. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Fabric of spacetime • Discontinuity in space & time
  121. 121. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Fabric of spacetime • Discontinuity in space & time • Thru space?
  122. 122. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Fabric of spacetime • Discontinuity in space & time • Thru space? • Around in the bulk?
  123. 123. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Fabric of spacetime • Discontinuity in space & time • Thru space? • Around in the bulk? • Shared via quantum interference?
  124. 124. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Uses of StarGates
  125. 125. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Uses of StarGates • Fill in plot holes,
  126. 126. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Uses of StarGates • Fill in plot holes, • Give us deeper understanding of our theories & our universe,
  127. 127. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Uses of StarGates • Fill in plot holes, • Give us deeper understanding of our theories & our universe, • Maybe, even, help get the human race a bit of badly needed breathing room,
  128. 128. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 Uses of StarGates • Fill in plot holes, • Give us deeper understanding of our theories & our universe, • Maybe, even, help get the human race a bit of badly needed breathing room, • And lots of fun!
  129. 129. http://timeandquantummechanics.comStargates/Ashmead - Philcon Nov 19th, 2016 references • Lorentzian Wormholes- Visser • Physics of Stargates - Rodrigo • From Eternity to Here - Carroll • Science of Interstellar - Thorne • Time Travel & Warp Drives - Everett & Roman • The Physics of Time - Muller

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