Dialect slides


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Eastern Kentucky Dialect and Speech Accent Archive presentation

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Dialect slides

  1. 1. Stippling Kentucky’s Linguistic Quilt Karina McGill Northern Kentucky University College of Arts and Sciences
  2. 2. Kentucky Accent Stereotypes <ul><li>Uneducated </li></ul><ul><li>Poor </li></ul><ul><li>Inexperienced </li></ul><ul><li>Backward </li></ul><ul><li>Charming </li></ul><ul><li>Resourceful </li></ul><ul><li>Practical </li></ul>
  3. 3. Map courtesy of Appalachian Ginseng Foundation, <www.a-spi.org/AGF> / æp-ə-LÆČ-In/
  4. 4. Theories on Appalachian Speech Origins <ul><li>Appalachia wasn’t settled until after Elizabethan period </li></ul><ul><li>Very few remnants of Scotch-Irish grammar and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Only 20% traced to British Isles </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability may provide the answer </li></ul>
  5. 5. Illustration by James Collins How are Regional Dialects Used in America?
  6. 6. Dialect Study of Appalachian Kentucky <ul><li>Funded by a Graduate Student Research Grant from NKU and a Travel Grant from the English-Speaking Union of Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>Web archive </li></ul><ul><li>Grammatical and phonological speech features </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic Information </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A-prefixing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ He just kep’ a-beggin’ and a-cryin’ and a-wantin’ to go out.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject-Verb Concord </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Me and my sister gets in a fight sometimes.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perfective Done </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I done forgot when it opened.” </li></ul></ul>Grammatical Features Examples from Walt Wolfram’s Appalachian Speech (1976).
  8. 8. Sample Paragraph Ken was sitting in his kitchen when he realized that his car keys were missing. He needed them because he was driving from Cincinnati to Detroit for a job with the government . He remembered having them with his girlfriend, Jenny, just before she went to work. Starting to panic, he pulled out the magazine with a picture of the Appalachian Mountains on the cover, which was on the chair. Next he pulled open a drawer to see if they were in there, but the only thing he found was a greasy towel. Ken kept looking for almost an hour, and was so tired that it was hard for him to catch his breath. At last, he paused and looked out the window and across the yard, seeing his car parked on the street. He knew exactly where his keys were . Ken went outside and saw his keys dangling from the ignition. He tried using a wire to get inside, but it didn’t work. Waving down a police officer who was driving by, Ken was finally able to get into his car. He took out a map and a pen and started to map out the best route.
  9. 9. With thanks to the Department of Literature & Language, the Office of Research, Grants, & Contracts, and the English-Speaking Union of Cincinnati for their support.