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Leadership- organizational behavior


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Leadership- organizational behavior

  1. 1. GROUP 3 i. Nur Nasaida Bt Md Nasir ii. Norfaizatulakma Bt Zainal Abidin iii. Rabiatun Adawiah Bt Norman iv. Nurnadzirah Binti Mohamad Saifuddin v. Norhashimah Binti A Rahim vi. Syazarul Asyikin Binti Rostam
  2. 2. Leadership Ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals
  3. 3. Leadership Theories Trait theories Behavioral Theories Contingency Theories Contemporary Theories
  4. 4. Trait Theories Ambition & Energy Desire to lead Honesty and Integrity Self- confidence Intelligence Job- relevent knowledge
  5. 5. BEHAVIORAL THEORIES • Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from non leaders Behavioral theories of leadership – train people to be leader Trait theory – selecting the right people for leadership
  6. 6. OHIO STATE STUDIES Identify independent dimensions of leader behavior • extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his/her role and those of employees in the search for goal attainment. Initiating structure • Extent to which a person’s job relationship are characterized by : • mutual trust • Respect for employees’ ideas • Regard for their feeling Consideration
  7. 7. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN STUDIES • To locate behavioral characteristics of leaders that appeared related to performance effectiveness • emphasize interpersonal relations, takes a personel interest in the needs of employees, and accepts individual differences among members Employee- oriented leader • emphasized technical/task aspects of the job, focusing on accomplishing the group’s task Production- oriented leader
  8. 8. CONTINGENCY THEORIES The Fiedler Model Situational Leadership Theory Path-Goal Theory Leader- Participation Model Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory
  9. 9. CONTEMPORARY THEORIES • Charismatic Leadership  Followers make attributions of heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they are observe certain behaviors.