Wimax

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Wimax

  1. 1. WiMAX WORLDWIDE INTEROPERABILITY FOR MICROWAVE ACCESS PRESENTED BY: Akshay N MAhajan
  2. 2. WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES ARE BECOMING MORE AND MORE POPULAR WITH GLOBALISATION INTERNET IS BECOMING THE NEXT NECESSITY AFTER “THE MOBILE REVOLUTION” THE WORLD TODAY
  3. 3. WAYS OF INTERNET ACCESS • DIAL-UP • BROADBAND • Wi-Fi
  4. 4. PROBLEMS DIAL-UP  SLOW SPEED BROADBAND  EXPENSIVE Wi-Fi  SPARSE COVERAGE
  5. 5. KEY ELEMENTS OF WiMAX TECHNOLOGY • LOW COST • WIDE COVERAGE • HIGHER CAPACITY
  6. 6. IEEE 802.16 SPECIFICATIONS: • RANGE  30 MILE (50 KM) RADIUS FROM BASE STATION • SPEED  70 Mbps • LINE-OF-SIGHT NOT NEEDED BETWEEN USER AND BASE-STATION • FREQUENCY BANDS  2 TO 11 GHz AND 10 TO 66 GHz
  7. 7. GOVERNMENT SECURITY • WiMAX RECEPTORS RECEIVE FROM MULTIPLE TRANSMITTING TOWERS • DESTRUCTION OF A TOWER BY TERRORIST ATTACK OR ANY CALAMITY WOULD NOT AFFECT CRUCIAL COMMUNICATION
  8. 8. NETWORK COMPARISION PAN – PERSONAL AREA NETWORK EG. BLUETOOTH LAN – LOCAL AREA NETWORK EG. Wi-Fi MAN – METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORK EG. WiMAX
  9. 9. IEEE STANDARD AND RANGE WiMAX RANGE  8000 SQ. KMS
  10. 10. WiMAX APPLICATIONS • 24 X 7 INTERNET ACCESS • Wi-Fi ROUTERS CAN BE CONNECTED TO WiMAX • VoIP (VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL) • LAST MILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
  11. 11. VoIP SHARE OF INERNATIONAL TRAFFIC •THE GRAPH SHOWS CLEAR INCREASE IN THE VoIP SERVICES SOURCE: Telegeography 2004
  12. 12. “ INDIA USED 70 MILLION MINUTES OF VoIP SERVICES LAST YEAR ” -The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India VoIP AND INDIA
  13. 13. WHY INDIA NEEDS WiMAX • ONLY 50% OF INDIAN POPULATION HAS RESIDENTIAL INTERNET ACCESS • THE REST RELY ON THE 9000+ CYBER CAFÉ’S • 14% OF INDIA’S VILLAGES DO NOT HAVE A PUBLIC TELEPHONE
  14. 14. INDIA PREFERS WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES • CELLULAR PHONES REVOLUTIONISED TELEPHONY IN INDIA • CELLULAR PHONE MARKET GREW 159% LAST YEAR • INDIA ADDS APPROX. 1.7MILLION NEW CELLPHONE SUBSCRIBERS EVERY MONTH
  15. 15. THE IT REQUIREMENT • INDIA BECOMING A MAJOR GLOBAL IT HUB • BROADBAND INTERNET CONNECTIVITY A MUST • MORE INTERNATIONAL COMPANIES WILL BE DRAWN IF BETTER NETWORKING FACILITIES PROVIDED
  16. 16. INDIA – LAND OF DIVERSE GEOGRAPHIES • LAYING OUT WIRES CAN BE DIFFICULT IN SOME HILLY AREAS • ISLANDS TOO POSE THE SAME PROBLEM •WiMAX HAS SIMILAR OPERATION LIKE MOBILE TOWERS
  17. 17. DISADVANTAGES THE INITIAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND INVESTMENT PLUS POINT OF WiMAX MOBILE TOWERS CAN ALSO BE USED FOR TRANSMISSION AS MOBILE AND WiMAX FREQUENCIES DO NOT INTERFERE EACH OTHER
  18. 18. OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA • 1.1 BILLION PEOPLE = WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRACY • 300 MILLION PEOPLE = WORLD’S LARGEST MIDDLE CLASS • BROADBAND AND INTERNET GROWTH A PRIORITY – GOVERNMENT OF INDIA HAS SET MINIMUM GOAL OF 20MILLION BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS BY 2010
  19. 19. E-GOVERNENCE • E-SEVA  ANDHRA PRADESH • GRAMDOOT  RAJASTHAN GUJARAT KARNATAKA MADHYA PRADESH KERELA HAVE INITIATED SEVERAL E- GOVERNANCE PROJECTS
  20. 20. EDUCATION • DISTANCE LEARNING • ONLINE LIBRARIES • VIDEO CONFERENCE LECTURES IN RURAL AREAS
  21. 21. AGRICULTURE & HEALTH • PREVENT CROP DISEASES BY PERIODICALLY SENDING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES TO AGRICULTURAL EXPERTS • DOCTORS CAN VIDEO CONFERENCE WITH PATIENTS TO DISCUSS SYMPTOMS & TREAT DISEASES
  22. 22. VISION 2020 : INDIA DEVELOPED • WiMAX MORE EFFECTIVE ON RURAL INDIA ALONG-WITH THE URBAN • WiMAX FACILITATES E-COMMERCE • WiMAX = HIGH SPEED + WIDE COVERAGE + COST EFFECTIVE
  23. 23. VISION 2020 : INDIA DEVELOPED DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL INDIA IS ULTIMATELY THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA

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