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Inca

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Inca

  1. 1. INCA CIVILIZATION
  2. 2. INCA • is a group of Native American people who used military might and skilled organization to build one of the world’s biggest nations • 13th century in South Eastern City of Cuzco, Peru. • Their official language was ‘Quechua’ • 15th century, they created a great empire which is ‘Inca Empire’
  3. 3. INCA EMPIRE • Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre- columbian America • “Tawatinsuyu” which can be translated as “The four regions or The four united provinces”
  4. 4. (South) (West) (East) (North)
  5. 5. INCA EMPERORS / SAPA INCA Manco Capac Sinchi Roca Lloque Yupanqui Maita Capac CapacYupanqui Inca Roca (1200 - 1230) (1260 - 1290)(1230 - 1260) (1290 - 1320) (1350 - 1380)(1320 - 1350)
  6. 6. Yahuar Huacac Inca Viracocha Huayna Capac HuarcarTopa Yupanqui Atahuallpa Pachacuti (1380 - 1410) (1410 - 1438) (1438 - 1471) (1527 – 1532) (1532 – 1533) (1438 - 1527)(1471 - 1493)
  7. 7. RELIGION • Polytheistic • Inti - the sun god • They believe in Reincarnation
  8. 8. KINGDOM OF CUZCO Center of Inca Empire TEMPLE OF THE SUN
  9. 9. MACHU PICCHU • Lost City or Hidden City • Example of Inca Achitecture • New seven wonder of the world
  10. 10. INCA ROAD
  11. 11. INCA BRIGDE
  12. 12. SOCIETY  4 Class in Society 1. Sapa Inca 2. Royal 3. Nobel 4. Ayllu  Caraca “Superior” • Inca moral code – ama suwa, ama llulla, ama quella (do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy)
  13. 13. QUIPUS • Use for accounting and census purposes • They didn’t have any writing system so they used Quipu to remember and for calcuting numbers
  14. 14. MARRIAGE • Woman – 16 Man – 20 • Trial Marriage type of marriage • In their society, Marriage looked a business-like agreement
  15. 15. STYLIZED TUNICS ALPACA
  16. 16. SANDALS
  17. 17. INCAARTS GOLD FIGURINES STATUE OF ILAMA SMALL TOMB FIGURE
  18. 18. CLAY TRUMPET PANPIPES
  19. 19. INCA POTS
  20. 20. STONE BOWL STONE CONTAINER
  21. 21. HUMAN SACRIFICE

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