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Disadvantages of Plastics!!
Intro!
• Plastic bottles are certainly ubiquitous--they
bring us everything from household cleaners to
soft drinks to things so readily available as
water. These bottles, while convenient, do
have disadvantages when used on as wide a
scale. While most of these disadvantages are
environmental in nature, the consequences
could have widespread economic
consequences in the long-term.
Plastics are a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic polymerization products that
can be molded into a permanent object having the property of plasticity.
About 100 million tones of plastic is produced each year.
The word plastic is derived from the Greek (plastikos) meaning capable
of being shaped or molded.
Properties of Plastics
Resistant Durable Insulator Inexpensive
Easy to
produce
 PLASTIC BAGS
 COATINGS
 FURNITURE
 SHEETS
 FITTINGS
 TANKS
 TOYS
 BUCKETS
 SANITARYWARE
 STATIONERY
Types of Plastic products
Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles
Decomposition
Non-
Renewable
Hard to Reuse
Difficult to
Recycle
Toxic
Threat to
Animals
Decomposition
• The main disadvantage of plastic bottles is the
shear amount of time they take to decompose--
the average plastic bottle takes 500 years.
Plastic's decomposition can be affected by
various factors, such as the type of plastic, the
climate and acids in the landfill; plastic still
lasts a long time, filling landfills for an
indefinite period.
Difficult To Recycle
• Glass bottles can be melted and easily reused, as
can tin cans. Recycling plastic is not so simple.
Much of the plastic placed in recycling boxes is
not recycled at all, as most plastic cannot be
recycled. Those bottles that are recycled are not
used to make new bottles. Instead, recycled
plastic bottles are used to make non-recyclable
products, such as T-shirts, plastic lumber or
parking lot bumpers. This means more raw
materials need to be used to create new plastic
bottles than is the case with easily recycled
material, such as glass or tin.
Hard To Reuse
• The standard disposable plastic bottle is
meant for one use, not many. Recycled plastic
bottles are not refilled in-mass the way glass
beer bottles are, and flimsy plastic bottles do
not lend themselves well to at-home re-usage.
Water bottles, for example, are often reused
in the home but become less and less sturdy
over time and are ultimately thrown away.
Non Renewable
• Plastic is manufactured using oil by-
products and natural gas, materials that
could be used in numerous other
applications or conserved were plastic
usage lower. Natural gas, for example, can
be used to heat houses and cook food.
Using plastic in the volume we currently do
reduces the availability of these
resources, which are gone forever when
used up.
Omg! Threat To All!
• Discarded Plastic usually ends up within marine sources. The
Pacific Ocean has one of the largest dumping ground for
plastics, unknown numbers of sea birds marine mammals and
fish ingest plastics which causes a variety of negative health
effects.
As plastics break down by wave action, photic
or biological means generation of
microplastics also occurs.
Microplastics have the potential
to harbour persitant organic pollutants and
polyaromatic hydrocarbons which are
highly toxic to all known living creatures.
Who is Affected?
The species that is most affected is the
marine, aquatic population.
To a sea turtle, a floating plastic bag looks
like a jellyfish.
When they eat these plastics, it clogs their
intestines, and they miss out on vital
nutrients, and ultimately starve to death.
Other types of loose plastics entangle birds,
fish and mammals, making it difficult, if not
impossible to move or eat, which too leads to
their ultimate demise.
How does plastic waste impact oceans?
Plastic is accumulating at an alarming rate in our oceans -
wreaking havoc on wildlife, polluting our beaches and
entering our food chain.
Our addiction to use-and-toss items is causing this growing
problem.
Plastic bags pose a serious danger to birds and marine
animals that often mistake them for food.
Thousands of marine animals and more than 1 million
birds die each year as a result of plastic pollution.
Disadvantages of Plastic Products
As many as 100,000 whales, turtles
and birds have been reported to die
every year, because of plastic in
environment.
Plastic not only have adverse effects
on our natural habitats, but have also
been found to be responsible for the
death of many animals, mainly on
account of the suffocation
encountered on eating them.
9/16/2016
Help Us!!
Is It Really Harmful??
 When we eat or drink things stored in plastic,
plastic is incorporated into us.
 Plastic is one of the few chemical materials which
pose environmental problem.
 Plastic is biologically quite inert, hence regarded to
be more an aesthetic nuisance than a hazard.
 Plastic is cheap, it gets discarded easily, and, its
persistence in the environment can do great harm.
 It causes immune and enzyme disorders, hormonal
disruption leading to endocrinal disorders and even
infertility and is also considered as carcinogenic
(cancer).
 Not only human health, it dangerously effects
other animal life and alters the environmental (air,
water and soil) sustainability causing hazardous
pollution.
Yes, it is..
Whales hail for help!!
• As per Marrickville Council of Australia, as many as 100,000 whales,
turtles and birds die have been reported to die every year, mainly
because of plastic in their environment. Plastic bags not only have
adverse effects on our natural habitats, but have also been found to be
responsible for the death of many animals, mainly on account of the
suffocation encountered on eating them.
9/16/2016
Things You can do !
• The two best things you can do is to use less (or
no) plastic and to reuse plastic when possible.
Many products that come in plastic bottles are
also available in glass bottle or tin cans; use these
whenever possible. Instead of buying bottled
water buy a refillable water bottle and fill it with
tap water. Generally, try to waste less by using
less and reusing when possible.
ALTERNATIVES
Plastic bags take between 15 to 1000 years to degrade.
The detoxins and other chemical pollutants released from
them are a Serious Threat to be Tackled.
Designing eco-friendly, biodegradable plastics is the need of
the hour. Though partially biodegradable plastics have been
developed and used, completely biodegradable plastics based on
renewable starch rather than petrochemicals have only recently been
developed and are in the early stages of commercialization.
Paper , Cloth, Jute, Cane, etc.,
are the most preferable but still
controversial
•Say NO to plastic check-out bags whilst
shopping and buy reusable bags or bring
your own for your shopping instead
•Use of Glass / Ceramic instead of
plastic in Microwave.
• Replace plastic travel mugs with stainless
steel for hot beverages.
• When you can’t avoid plastic, check container bottoms for recycling codes (in
triangle with chasing arrows). Choose those easily recycled.
To save your environmentand therebyyourself
It's impossible to eliminate most plastic from daily life,
but it's prudent for our health and that of our environment
to curb the use of some.
Overall reduction in plastic usage, proper management for disposal
and public awareness would bring a great difference in present
situation.
•Separate .. Store..and hand over for proper recycling or
disposal.
•Do not let plastic litter the environment.
SAVE EARTH
OUR RESPONSIBILITY
Future of Plastic
What a mess!!
9/16/2016 23
Dumped!
Depicts two million plastic beverage bottles:
the number used in the U.S. every five minutes
Impact on Environment
 Plastic is ubiquitous in our lives because it is
convenient and relatively inexpensive.
 Its convenience comes from being lightweight
and its ability to absorb impact shock without breaking.
 Plastics are so versatile in use that their impacts
on environment are extremely wide ranging, posing
serious challenge for disposal.
Careless disposal of plastic bags chokes drains, blocks the porosity of the soil, and causes
problems for groundwater recharge. Due to its non-biodegradable nature, littering of plastics
causes irreversible damage to the environment.
Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles
Plastic bags, once ingested, cannot be digested or passed by an animal so it stays in the gut.
Plastic in an animal’s gut can prevent food digestion and can lead to a very slow and painful
death.
DISADVANTAGES
Hard to
Decompose
Non-
Renewabl
e
Hard to
Reuse
Difficult
to Recycle
Toxic
Threat to
Animals
Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles
Difficult To Recycle
Glass bottles can be melted and easily
reused, as can tin cans. Recycling plastic
is not so simple.
Water bottles are often reused in the home but
become less and less sturdy over time and are
ultimately thrown away.
Plastic is manufactured using oil by-products and natural gas,
materials that could be used in numerous other applications.
Plastics Recycling
.
POLLUTANTS FROM PLASTIC
Plastics Release Pollutants:
•Poly brominated di-phenyl ethers (PBDE)
•Nonylphenolls
•Bisphenol A
•Phthalates
Plastics Absorb Hydrophobic Pollutants:
•Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
•Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro ethane (DDT)
•Dichloro Diphenyl Dichloro ethylene (DDE)
PVC when burned result in emissions of the deadly poisons named dioxin.
Dioxins are highly persistent compounds, with the potential to become increasingly
concentrated in living tissues as they move up the food chain. It is often considered to be the
man-made compound most toxic to animals.
5R’s for Plastics!!
1. Reduce
2. Reuse
3. Recycle
4. Rebuy
TREAT
RECOVER
RECYCLE
REUSE
REDUCE
AVOID
DISPOSE
Plastic Waste Management
Sorting
Industrial
Waste
Commercial
Waste
Agricultural
Waste
Municipal
Waste
Collection
>> Bags, Sheets
>> Miscelle
-neous
>> Pipes,Tubes
>> Bottles
Extrusion
Injection
Moulding
Blow
Moulding
Film
Moulding
Sorting
Cleaning
Plastic Waste Management
 Disposing of plastic waste is trickier than dealing
with traditional landfill material.
Not only plastic take thousands of years to break
down, it can leach dangerous poison into the
environment.
Plastic is not going away, but how plastic waste is
managed is becoming more sophisticated.
Managing plastic waste starts at home with the
consumer, but ultimately depends on governments
around the world as well.
----------"KING OF POLLUTION"----------

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----------"KING OF POLLUTION"----------

  • 2. Intro! • Plastic bottles are certainly ubiquitous--they bring us everything from household cleaners to soft drinks to things so readily available as water. These bottles, while convenient, do have disadvantages when used on as wide a scale. While most of these disadvantages are environmental in nature, the consequences could have widespread economic consequences in the long-term.
  • 3. Plastics are a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic polymerization products that can be molded into a permanent object having the property of plasticity. About 100 million tones of plastic is produced each year. The word plastic is derived from the Greek (plastikos) meaning capable of being shaped or molded. Properties of Plastics Resistant Durable Insulator Inexpensive Easy to produce
  • 4.  PLASTIC BAGS  COATINGS  FURNITURE  SHEETS  FITTINGS  TANKS  TOYS  BUCKETS  SANITARYWARE  STATIONERY Types of Plastic products
  • 5. Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles Decomposition Non- Renewable Hard to Reuse Difficult to Recycle Toxic Threat to Animals
  • 6. Decomposition • The main disadvantage of plastic bottles is the shear amount of time they take to decompose-- the average plastic bottle takes 500 years. Plastic's decomposition can be affected by various factors, such as the type of plastic, the climate and acids in the landfill; plastic still lasts a long time, filling landfills for an indefinite period.
  • 7. Difficult To Recycle • Glass bottles can be melted and easily reused, as can tin cans. Recycling plastic is not so simple. Much of the plastic placed in recycling boxes is not recycled at all, as most plastic cannot be recycled. Those bottles that are recycled are not used to make new bottles. Instead, recycled plastic bottles are used to make non-recyclable products, such as T-shirts, plastic lumber or parking lot bumpers. This means more raw materials need to be used to create new plastic bottles than is the case with easily recycled material, such as glass or tin.
  • 8. Hard To Reuse • The standard disposable plastic bottle is meant for one use, not many. Recycled plastic bottles are not refilled in-mass the way glass beer bottles are, and flimsy plastic bottles do not lend themselves well to at-home re-usage. Water bottles, for example, are often reused in the home but become less and less sturdy over time and are ultimately thrown away.
  • 9. Non Renewable • Plastic is manufactured using oil by- products and natural gas, materials that could be used in numerous other applications or conserved were plastic usage lower. Natural gas, for example, can be used to heat houses and cook food. Using plastic in the volume we currently do reduces the availability of these resources, which are gone forever when used up.
  • 10. Omg! Threat To All! • Discarded Plastic usually ends up within marine sources. The Pacific Ocean has one of the largest dumping ground for plastics, unknown numbers of sea birds marine mammals and fish ingest plastics which causes a variety of negative health effects. As plastics break down by wave action, photic or biological means generation of microplastics also occurs. Microplastics have the potential to harbour persitant organic pollutants and polyaromatic hydrocarbons which are highly toxic to all known living creatures.
  • 11. Who is Affected? The species that is most affected is the marine, aquatic population. To a sea turtle, a floating plastic bag looks like a jellyfish. When they eat these plastics, it clogs their intestines, and they miss out on vital nutrients, and ultimately starve to death. Other types of loose plastics entangle birds, fish and mammals, making it difficult, if not impossible to move or eat, which too leads to their ultimate demise.
  • 12. How does plastic waste impact oceans? Plastic is accumulating at an alarming rate in our oceans - wreaking havoc on wildlife, polluting our beaches and entering our food chain. Our addiction to use-and-toss items is causing this growing problem. Plastic bags pose a serious danger to birds and marine animals that often mistake them for food. Thousands of marine animals and more than 1 million birds die each year as a result of plastic pollution.
  • 13. Disadvantages of Plastic Products As many as 100,000 whales, turtles and birds have been reported to die every year, because of plastic in environment. Plastic not only have adverse effects on our natural habitats, but have also been found to be responsible for the death of many animals, mainly on account of the suffocation encountered on eating them.
  • 15. Is It Really Harmful??  When we eat or drink things stored in plastic, plastic is incorporated into us.  Plastic is one of the few chemical materials which pose environmental problem.  Plastic is biologically quite inert, hence regarded to be more an aesthetic nuisance than a hazard.  Plastic is cheap, it gets discarded easily, and, its persistence in the environment can do great harm.  It causes immune and enzyme disorders, hormonal disruption leading to endocrinal disorders and even infertility and is also considered as carcinogenic (cancer).  Not only human health, it dangerously effects other animal life and alters the environmental (air, water and soil) sustainability causing hazardous pollution. Yes, it is..
  • 16. Whales hail for help!! • As per Marrickville Council of Australia, as many as 100,000 whales, turtles and birds die have been reported to die every year, mainly because of plastic in their environment. Plastic bags not only have adverse effects on our natural habitats, but have also been found to be responsible for the death of many animals, mainly on account of the suffocation encountered on eating them. 9/16/2016
  • 17.
  • 18. Things You can do ! • The two best things you can do is to use less (or no) plastic and to reuse plastic when possible. Many products that come in plastic bottles are also available in glass bottle or tin cans; use these whenever possible. Instead of buying bottled water buy a refillable water bottle and fill it with tap water. Generally, try to waste less by using less and reusing when possible.
  • 19. ALTERNATIVES Plastic bags take between 15 to 1000 years to degrade. The detoxins and other chemical pollutants released from them are a Serious Threat to be Tackled. Designing eco-friendly, biodegradable plastics is the need of the hour. Though partially biodegradable plastics have been developed and used, completely biodegradable plastics based on renewable starch rather than petrochemicals have only recently been developed and are in the early stages of commercialization. Paper , Cloth, Jute, Cane, etc., are the most preferable but still controversial
  • 20. •Say NO to plastic check-out bags whilst shopping and buy reusable bags or bring your own for your shopping instead •Use of Glass / Ceramic instead of plastic in Microwave. • Replace plastic travel mugs with stainless steel for hot beverages. • When you can’t avoid plastic, check container bottoms for recycling codes (in triangle with chasing arrows). Choose those easily recycled. To save your environmentand therebyyourself
  • 21. It's impossible to eliminate most plastic from daily life, but it's prudent for our health and that of our environment to curb the use of some. Overall reduction in plastic usage, proper management for disposal and public awareness would bring a great difference in present situation. •Separate .. Store..and hand over for proper recycling or disposal. •Do not let plastic litter the environment. SAVE EARTH OUR RESPONSIBILITY
  • 24. Dumped! Depicts two million plastic beverage bottles: the number used in the U.S. every five minutes
  • 25.
  • 26. Impact on Environment  Plastic is ubiquitous in our lives because it is convenient and relatively inexpensive.  Its convenience comes from being lightweight and its ability to absorb impact shock without breaking.  Plastics are so versatile in use that their impacts on environment are extremely wide ranging, posing serious challenge for disposal. Careless disposal of plastic bags chokes drains, blocks the porosity of the soil, and causes problems for groundwater recharge. Due to its non-biodegradable nature, littering of plastics causes irreversible damage to the environment.
  • 27. Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles Plastic bags, once ingested, cannot be digested or passed by an animal so it stays in the gut. Plastic in an animal’s gut can prevent food digestion and can lead to a very slow and painful death. DISADVANTAGES Hard to Decompose Non- Renewabl e Hard to Reuse Difficult to Recycle Toxic Threat to Animals
  • 28. Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles Difficult To Recycle Glass bottles can be melted and easily reused, as can tin cans. Recycling plastic is not so simple. Water bottles are often reused in the home but become less and less sturdy over time and are ultimately thrown away. Plastic is manufactured using oil by-products and natural gas, materials that could be used in numerous other applications.
  • 30. POLLUTANTS FROM PLASTIC Plastics Release Pollutants: •Poly brominated di-phenyl ethers (PBDE) •Nonylphenolls •Bisphenol A •Phthalates Plastics Absorb Hydrophobic Pollutants: •Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) •Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro ethane (DDT) •Dichloro Diphenyl Dichloro ethylene (DDE) PVC when burned result in emissions of the deadly poisons named dioxin. Dioxins are highly persistent compounds, with the potential to become increasingly concentrated in living tissues as they move up the food chain. It is often considered to be the man-made compound most toxic to animals.
  • 31. 5R’s for Plastics!! 1. Reduce 2. Reuse 3. Recycle 4. Rebuy TREAT RECOVER RECYCLE REUSE REDUCE AVOID DISPOSE
  • 32. Plastic Waste Management Sorting Industrial Waste Commercial Waste Agricultural Waste Municipal Waste Collection >> Bags, Sheets >> Miscelle -neous >> Pipes,Tubes >> Bottles Extrusion Injection Moulding Blow Moulding Film Moulding Sorting Cleaning
  • 33. Plastic Waste Management  Disposing of plastic waste is trickier than dealing with traditional landfill material. Not only plastic take thousands of years to break down, it can leach dangerous poison into the environment. Plastic is not going away, but how plastic waste is managed is becoming more sophisticated. Managing plastic waste starts at home with the consumer, but ultimately depends on governments around the world as well.