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  2. 2. CONTENTS1.Introduction2. History3. Cyborg4. Cybernetics a) Robots b) cyborgs c) Archetype5. Basic rules6. Communication Technology7. Cyber Body8. Applications9. Advantages and Dis-advantages10. References
  3. 3.  The term cyborg is often today applied to an organism that has enhancedabilities due to technology, though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity offeedback for regulating the subsystem. The earlier and more strict definition of Cyborg was almost always consideredas increasing or enhancing normal capabilities, whereas now the term can alsobe applied to those organisms which use technology to repair or overcome theirphysical and mental constraints: including artificial limbs and hands as well as adevice for helping colour-blind people to "hear" in colour.
  4. 4.  In 1908, Jean de la Hire introduced Nyctalope (perhaps the first truesuperhero was also the first literary cyborg) in the novel LHomme Qui PeutVivre Dans Leau (The Man Who Can Live in the Water). The term was coined by Manfred E. Clynes and Nathan S. Kline in 1960 torefer to their conception of an enhanced human being who could survive inextraterrestrial environments In 2010, the Cyborg Foundation became the worlds first internationalorganization dedicated to help humans become cyborgs.
  5. 5. A cyborg is a being with both biological and artificial (e.g.electronic, mechanical or robotic) parts.
  6. 6. Cybernetics or Communication in the animal and the Machine. Based onthe Greek “Kybernetics”, meaning “governor”cybernetics is the science or study of the control or regulation mechanismin human and machine systems, including computers.
  7. 7.  A robot, however, doesnt necessarily have to resemble a human. It canbe in the shape of a dog
  8. 8. Cyborgs are categorized into two types based on their structural and functional role play. 1. Convenient Cyborgs 2. Conditional Cyborgs.The former Convenient cyborgs may refer to any external provision of anexoskeleton for the satisfying the altered fancy needs of bodyThe latter Conditional cyborgation includes bionic implants replanting thelost or damaged body part for the normal living in the presentenvironment.
  9. 9. A hybrots(short for "hybrid robot") is a cybernetic organism in the form of a robotcontrolled by a computer consisting of both electronic and biological elements.An interesting feature of the hybrot is its longevity. Neurons separated from a living brainusually die after a short period of time; however, due to a specially designed incubatorutilizing a new sealed-dish culture system, a hybrot may live as long as two years
  10. 10. The cyborg archetype is a character in a near future world where societaldecay has led to the adoption of metal parts. These are generally used in army as human weapons
  11. 11. Cyborgs can be built on 75 to 150 points. In a game where cyborgs are legal, others may beallowed to play other. A good median is 100or 125 points. Four Primary Modification Types There are four primary modification types. These are: 1. PHY Enhancement (reinforced skeleton) 2.REF Enhancement (hard wired nerves) 3.INT Enhancement (mind-computer interface jack) 4.Enhanced Prosthetics (metal body parts)
  12. 12. BoloCom-GearCyber Body (Heavy Metal!)Polygraph Scanner
  13. 13. In medicine: In medicine, there are two important and different types of cyborgs: the restorative and the enhanced. Restorative technologies "restore lost function, organs, and limbs" The key aspect of restorative cyborgization is the repair of broken or missing processes to revert to a healthy or average level of function.
  14. 14. Cyborgs have become a well-known part of science fiction literature and other media. Examples of fictional biologically based cyborgs include Spartans from Halo, RoboCop,Cyborgization in critical deaf studies "cyborgization" as an attempt to codify "normalization" through cochlear implantation in young deaf children. for the deaf child that would be to become fully hearing
  15. 15. • It is clear that by using cyborgs the artificial life will eventually win out against organiclife since it is more durable and more efficient.• These extropians see this as perhaps bad news for the human race, but in the long term at least good news for the planet and apparently the universe.• Electronic ‘life’, however . one recent theory that has been bantered about lately is that thehuman race may have reached the saturation point for economic growth, but this is fortunate since it has arrived in time for it to work on ‘human growth’, i.e. the re-engineering of the human species• We can ‘graducate’ from being victims of natural selection to masters of self-selection. It seems hard to argue against increasing human longevity, intelligence, or strength , since human beings seem to live too short a span,•Certainly, it would be easy to utilize bio-implants that would allow people to trace the location and perhaps even monitor the condition and behavior of implanted persons.
  16. 16. •The critics of bioelectronics and bio computing foresee numerous potential negative socialconsequences from the technology. One is that the human race will divide along the lines ofBiological haves and have-nots.•People with enough money will be able to argument their personal attributes as they see fit as well as to utilize cloning , organ replacement, etc. to stave off death for as long as theywish ,while the majority of humanity will continue to suffer from hunger ,bad genes, andInfirmity•This would be tremendous violation of human privacy , but the creators of human biotechmight see it as necessary to keep their subjects under control. Once implanted withbio-implant electronic devices , ‘cyborg’ might become highly dependent on the creators ofthese devices for their repair, recharge, and maintenance.•It could be possible to modify the person technologically so that body would stop producing some essential substance for survival ,thus placing them under the absolute control of thedesigner of the technology.•The essence of our humanity will be lost to this technology.
  17. 17. LATEST DEVELOPMENTSCybernetics is one of the scientific field in which continuous researches and studies are taking place and spontaneous developments are derived by it’s dedicated scientists. KevinWarwick, the famous Scientists who implanted a series of 100electrodes in to his nerves system and controlled his complete lab with the implant and he also developed a mechanical hand which works as per his neural stimulations.LATEST TECHNOLOGY At present Cyborgology concentrates on the development of Conditional cyborgs. That is living being with a mechanical body part which is replaced for the damaged or lost body part. Among them has prime importance, it has functioning similar to our leg. These external mechanical parts works by the stimulations received generated from our neural system.
  18. 18. Humans have limited capabilities. Humans sense the world in a restricted way, visionbeing the best of the senses. Humans understand the world in only 3 dimensionsand communicate in a very slow, serial fashion called speech. But it must get improvedfor the human beings to exist in this competitive world. Only technology can make itpossible. And Cyborgology is the future technology for the purpose to be get real.Even it has some major defects and wrong sides as like any technologies evolving nowdays. Finally I would like to say that if the future of intelligent robots, then to protectmankind, we will must need some TERMINATORs. They all are CYBORGS. Because bymaking human CYBORGS, we may have the following extra ordinary capabilities….
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