INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC The journey of team of terroristsMumbai, the commercial capital of India, came under heinous terroristattack on 26th November, 2008.The attack took place at many locations, especially at CST railway station;the Leopold Café,; Taj Hotel; Oberoi Trident Hotel; Nariman House.Ten terrorists started in a small boat from Karachi on Nov 22. Aftertraveling about 40 minutes, they were shifted to a larger boat, Al-Husseini,There after, the terrorists shifted to vessel MV KUBER. After reachingMumbai, they killed the captain of MV KUBER, Amar Singh Solanki.Ten terrorists divided into five teams and took taxies to different targetdestinations.
CST station in Mumbai One of the target. More than 3.5 million passengers pass through the station every day. At about 21.20 hours, two terrorists entered the station and started firing indiscriminately from their rifles and also lobbed grenade. The carnage resulted in 58 dead and 104 injured.
The two terrorists left the CST station and fled into a lanetowards CAMA Hospital. They exchanged fire with the policeteam. They fired at the police vehicle carrying three seniorpolice officers and four policemen. Believing that all theoccupants had been killed, they pulled out the bodies of thethree police officers and hijacked the police vehicle. However,only six were killed and one policeman, constable ArunJadhav, survived and was eye witness to the event.After traveling some distance, the terrorists abandoned thepolice vehicle and hijacked another passenger car. The carcame up against a police barricade at Girgaum Chowpatti, andin exchange of fire with the police, Ismail Khan was killed andMohd. Ajmal Amir Kasab was captured, an assistant subinspector, Tukaram Ombale was killed while overpoweringKasab.
Mohd. Ajmal Amir Kasab Ajmal Kasab, the only attacker who was captured alive, disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, the Pakistan-based militant organization, considered a terrorist organization by India, the United States, and the United Kingdom, among others. The Indian Government said that the attackers came from Pakistan, and their controllers were in Pakistan.
Police stand guard after shootingstook place inside a railway station in Mumbai
Target –Leopold Café & Bar The leopold café, a favorite place for indian and foreigners, was attacked by two terrorists, firing indiscriminately using AK-47 and grenade was lobbed. Ten persons killed and many injured. After about five minutes, they ran towards Hotel Taj, about half kms. Away.
Target -The Taj Mahal Hotel The pride of Mumbai, constructed in 1903, is a heritage building and an icon in Mumbai. It has two wings, the heritage wing with 290 rooms and the TajTowers with 275 rooms
The Taj Mahal Hotel contd… Four terrorist, including two from Leopold café targeted the hotel. The first pair entered though the lobby and opened fire killing 20 people. The second pair entered from the north court and fired indiscriminately and hurled grenade.
The four terroristsmoved upto sixth floorof the heritage wing,killing anyone whocame in their way. Theset fire to a portion ofthe hotel. The first,fifth, and sixth floor ofthe heritage wing werebadly gutted.There was a hostagesituation because manyguests had lockedthemselves in theirrooms
The Taj Mahal Hotel contd… The operation continued till the morning of Nov. 29th , nearly 450 guests were rescued. The terrorists killed 32 persons including hotel guests and staff.
The Taj Mahal Hotel contd… A major of the NSG was killed and another commando was injured. At the end of the operation, the four terrorists were killed.
The Taj Mahal Hotel contd… Throughout the period, the terrorists were in touch with their controllers in Pakistan via telephone. They received a stream of instructions and it was apparent that their controllers were monitoring Indian Television Channels.
Target - Oberoi Trident hotel Two terrorists entered the hotel through the main entrance and started firing. Two IED were exploded. Killing guests and staff on their way. NSG took charge of the operation on 27th morning which continued for 42 hours. The two terrorists were killed. 33 persons lost their lives.
National Security Group elitecommandos keep vigil in opposite building.
Nariman House contd…. Nariman House is a five storied building which has been purchased two years ago by an orthodox Jewish organization called Chabad Liberation Movement of Hasidic Jews. Two terrorists began firing outside and gained access to the building, several persons were taken hostages
The NSG pressed helicopter intoservice and landed commandos on the terrace
People stand around a damagedvehicle at the site of an explosion in Mumbai, India.
A victim of a gun attack lies on ahospital bed at St. Georges hospital in Mumbai
The Mumbai 26/11 Attack The 2008 Mumbai attacks were more than ten coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India’s largest city, by terrorists from across the border. The attacks, whichdrew widespread condemnation across the world, began on 26November 2008 and lasted until 29 November, killing at least 173 people and wounding at least 308.
Those , who lost their lives during the operation
Major Sandeep Unikrishnan died in mumbai attack
Aftermath On 7 January 2009, after more than a month of denying the nationality of the attackers, Pakistans Information Minister Sherry Rehman officially accepted Ajmal Amirs nationality as Pakistani. On 12 February 2009, Pakistans Interior Minister Rehman Malik, in a televised news briefing, confirmed that parts of the attack had been planned in Pakistan and said that six people, including the alleged mastermind, were being held in connection with the attacks.
CONCLUSIONLet us stand up to pay homage to those who sacrificedtheir lives for the living of all Indians.Let their sacrifice not go waste. Let us take oath that we,under no circumstances, shall allow the terrorist activitiesto continue. Thank you
Bibliography The matter and the photographs in these slides has been taken from various sources at internet esp. www.google.com Evidences in the slides has been reproduced from the official dossier issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, Govt. of India.