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The Oregon Trail (right one)

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My presentation is about the perils that the pioneers faced along the Oregon Trail. Among the many hardships they endured, this presentation covers some of the most dangerous ones; such as, river crossings, food shortages, diseases and sicknesses, accidents, facing the weather, and indian attacks. I chose this topic because I wanted to educate my audience about the hardships that the pioneers faced. Seeing what they went through really makes a person be thankful for everything that they have.

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The Oregon Trail
    By Ashley Kersey
The Oregon Trail covered more than 1,900 miles and
stretched across over half of the United States. It has
been called our nations longest graveyard and
contributed to over 65,000 deaths in 25 years.
Perils of the Trail
       • River Crossings
       • Food Shortages
     • Disease and sickness
          • Shootings
      • Wagon Accidents
     • Facing the elements
      • Indian Encounters
Deschutes River Crossing




“The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating
the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock.”
Snakes River Crossing




“The river was six to eight feet deep, but its clarity was deceptive,
making it appear shallower. Combined with its swift current, this was
generally considered the most treacherous river crossing on the
entire Trail.”
Starvation and Food Shortages




Although at times the settlers had to face starvation it was mainly the
animals that perished.

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The Oregon Trail (right one)

  • 1. The Oregon Trail By Ashley Kersey
  • 2. The Oregon Trail covered more than 1,900 miles and stretched across over half of the United States. It has been called our nations longest graveyard and contributed to over 65,000 deaths in 25 years.
  • 3. Perils of the Trail • River Crossings • Food Shortages • Disease and sickness • Shootings • Wagon Accidents • Facing the elements • Indian Encounters
  • 4. Deschutes River Crossing “The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock.”
  • 5. Snakes River Crossing “The river was six to eight feet deep, but its clarity was deceptive, making it appear shallower. Combined with its swift current, this was generally considered the most treacherous river crossing on the entire Trail.”
  • 6. Starvation and Food Shortages Although at times the settlers had to face starvation it was mainly the animals that perished.
  • 7. One person said "Looked starvation in the face. I have seen men on passing an animal that has starved to death on the plains, stop and cut out a steak, roast and eat it and call it delicious.“- Clark Thompson, 1850
  • 8. Sicknesses The disease with the worst reputation was Asiatic cholera, known as the "unseen destroyer."
  • 9. "First of all I would mention the sickness we have had and I am sorry to say the deaths. First of all Francis Freel died June 4, 1852, and Maria Freel followed the 6th, next came Polly Casner who died the 9th and LaFayette Freel soon followed, he died the 10th, Elizabeth Freel, wife of Amos [and Martha's mother] died the 11th, and her baby died the 17th. You see we have lost 7 persons in a few short days, all died of Cholera." - Martha Freel, June 23, 1852
  • 10. Malaria Malaria was so bad in Illinois, Missouri, and Iowa that some of the medical experts at the time said that those states would never be able to hold a permanent settlement.
  • 11. Diphtheria Diphtheria was caused by contaminated food and caused the most deaths in the children.
  • 12. Shooting Accidents Accidental shootings were very common on the trail but luckily the number of murders were few. Usually the shootings would consist of someone shooting themselves, oxen, or a trail member.
  • 13. Wagon Accidents One of the most prominent accidents occurred from wagon related injuries. The result would usually be broken bones but in a few cases it would be fatal.
  • 14. According to Virgil Pringle (1846), "Mr. Collins' son George, about six years old, fell from the wagon, and the wheels ran over his head killing him instantly, the remainder of the day occupied in burying him."
  • 15. Weather The settlers were faced with many obstacles from the weather. Some were killed because they were struck by large hail the size of baseballs.
  • 16. Dust Storms “The dust on the Trail itself could be two or three inches deep and as fine as flour.”
  • 17. Large amounts of Snow The settlers had to plan their voyage carefully because in the winter the mountain passes would be closed due to the large amounts of snow fall.
  • 18. Summers on the Trail Severe thunderstorms caused half a dozen setters to be struck by lightening.
  • 19. The Indians “Tales of hostile encounters far overshadowed actual incidents, and relations between emigrants and Indians were further complicated by trigger-happy emigrants.”
  • 20. “The Ward Train, for instance, was attacked by Shoshones who tortured and murdered nineteen emigrants. One boy escaped with an arrow in his side.”
  • 21. Works Cited www.stockgraphix.com. The Oregon Trail Map. Graphic Picture. RVVirginDot.com. Snowbird Headquarters, July 5, 2010. Web . November 5, 2011. n.p. Life and Death on the Oregon Trail. Oregon-California Trail Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. Crumlish, Paul. “Wide View of the Deschutes River Crossing the Marker.” Photograph. Deschutes River Crossing. The Historical Marker Database, August 19, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. Oregon Trail Mileposts. Oregon-California Trail Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. Milliken, Chuck. “Farewell Bend.” Photograph. Photo Images Along the Oregon Trail. National Park Services , n.p. Web. November 5, 2011. Jackson, William. “.Along the North Platte River, Oregon Trail.” Photograph. Digging In The Historic Trails of Nebraska. Bringham Young University, n.p. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. Life and Death. Historic Oregon City, 2008. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. “Emigrant Family.” Photograph. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, n.p. Web. November 5, 2011 Sublette County Historical Society. Oregon Trail Grave Marker. 1944. Sublette County, Wyoming. The Pioneer Graves of Sublette County. Sculpture. November 5, 2011. Badzioch, Christopher. “Malaria Killer.” Photograph. Should DDT Be Used to Combat Malaria? Scientific American, May 4, 2009. Web. November 5, 2011.
  • 22. Works Cited continued: n.p. Doctors and Diseases on the Oregon Trail. Historic Oregon City, 2008. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. “Deaths Along the Trail.” Graphic Picture. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011. Honeycutt, Mimi. Diseases People Had on the Trail. Ehow Health, May 5, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. Benton, Thomas. “Chapter XV: The Hunting Camp.” Graphic Picture. The Oregon Trail Illustrations. University of Virginia, 2009. Web. November 5, 2011. Tolerico, Diana. “Across Nebraska.” Picture. Life on the Open Road. Diana Tolerico, August 27,2008. Blog. November 5, 2011. n.p. “Accidents and Illness.” Oregon/California Trails Association, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. Whitton, Gary. “Pioneer Wagon Wheels.” Photograph. Dreamstime. Dreamstime Inc, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. Morganti, Brian. “HP Super cell b- Yuma.” Photograph. 2008 Chase Images. Storm Effects. 2008. Web. November 5, 2011. Underwood, Todd. Frontier Trails of The Old West. Jeu Publishing, 2000. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. Dust Storm Near Beaver, Oklahoma. July 14, 1935. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, New York. Great Depression Picture: A Dust Storm in Oklahoma. Photograph. November 5, 2011. n.p. “Map of the Trail.” Map. Oregon Trail. Bandersnog Int, 2005. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. Chest of Hardships and Challenges. Oracle Think Quest, 2002. Web. November 5, 2011. Miller, Shannon. “Summer Storms.” Photograph. Oregon Star Party’s Lightening Tree. Oregon Star Party, 2004. Web. November 5, 2011.
  • 23. Works Cited continued n.p. The Oregon Trail. Boettcher/Trinklein Inc, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011. n.p. “Friendly Indians Following Wagon trail.” Graphic Image. Historical Trails. National Oregon/California Trail Center, 2010. Web. November 5, 2011. Russell, Charles. “Attack on a Wagon Train.” Painting. Attack on a Wagon Train. 1st Art Gallery, 2011. Web. November 5, 2011.

Editor's Notes

  1. Text source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.phpImage source http://www.rvvirgin.com/Massacre%20Rocks/Oregon%20Trail.htm
  2. Image Source and Text Sourcehttp://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=34575
  3. Text sourcehttp://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_ot_mile_posts.php Text sourceImage sourcehttp://www.nps.gov/oreg/photosmultimedia/Photo-Images-Along-the-Oregon-Trail.htm Image Source
  4. Image source http://cdrh.unl.edu/diggingin/historicimages/di.byu.0004.html Text sourcehttp://www.historicoregoncity.org/HOC/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=139:life-a-death&catid=70:oregon-trail-history-libary&Itemid=98
  5. Image source http://www.oregontrailcenter.org/HistoricalTrails/TheTrekWest.htm Text sourcehttp://www.historicoregoncity.org/HOC/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=139:life-a-death&catid=70:oregon-trail-history-libary&Itemid=98
  6. Image source http://www.oregontrailcenter.org/HistoricalTrails/TheTrekWest.htmText sourcehttp://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php
  7. Image source http://meek.sublette.com/scj/v4n47/v4n47s6.htmText sourcehttp://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php
  8. Text sourcehttp://www.historicoregoncity.org/end-of-the-oregon-trail-history/70-oregon-trail-history/104-doctorsdiseasesImage source http://www.appinsys.com/GlobalWarming/GW_4ClimaticEvents_files/image015.gif
  9. Image source http://www.oregontrailcenter.org/HistoricalTrails/Dangers.htmText sourcehttp://www.ehow.com/list_6137988_diseases-people-oregon-trail.html
  10. Image sourcehttp://xroads.virginia.edu/%7EHYPER/OREGON/benton15.htmlText Source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php
  11. Image sourcehttp://lifeontheopenroad.blogspot.com/2008_08_01_archive.htmlText source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/stories_accidents_illness.php
  12. Image sourcehttp://www.gypsyjournal.net/oregon_trail_museum.htmText source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/stories_accidents_illness.php
  13. Image sourcehttp://www.stormeffects.com/2008_chase_images.htmText sourcehttp://www.frontiertrails.com/oldwest/oregontrail.htm
  14. Image sourcehttp://history1900s.about.com/library/photos/blygd23.htmText source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php
  15. Image source http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Wpdms_nasa_topo_oregon_trail.jpgText source http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210182/hardships.html
  16. Image sourcehttp://www.oregonphotos.com/Lightning%20Tree%20Ochocos.htmlText source http://www.america101.us/trail/Hardships.html
  17. Image sourcehttp://www.oregontrailcenter.org/HistoricalTrails/Indians.htmText source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php
  18. Image source http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/Charles-Marion-Russell/Charles-Marion-Russell-oil-paintings.html Text source http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/people_places/articles_life_death.php