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# Preparing For The Gmat 2009

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Akil Bello's (www.bellcurves.com) presentation given at the PhD Project annual conference 2009. The slides have notes starting at about slide 25.

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### Preparing For The Gmat 2009

1. 1. Effectively Preparing for the GMAT Akil Bello | Co-Founder Bell Curves
2. 2.  Learn the test  Get help  Learn the content  Learn the content  Learn the content 10 Steps to a better GMAT score
3. 3.  Learn the content  Learn the content  Perfect strategies  Practice effectively  Create a plan 10 Steps to a better GMAT score
4. 4.   “ Bell Curves will provide you with the necessary skills to achieve your goal, it is up to you to follow your study plan and put forth the effort to get the results.” BT, 150 pt. improvement. Learn the Test
5. 5.  Format  Scoring  Administrative procedures  Physical setting  Tools provided Learn the Test
6. 6. Know the Format SECTION AND QUESTION TYPES NUMBER OF QUESTIONS ALLOTTED TIME SCORING Analytical Writing Assessment Analysis of an Issue Analysis of an Argument 1 1 60 minutes 30 minutes 30 minutes 0 – 6 (half-point increments) 8 minute break Quantitative Problem Solving Data Sufficiency 37 75 minutes 6 – 51 (1-point increments) 8 minute break Verbal Sentence Correction Critical Reasoning Reading Comprehension 41 75 minutes 6 – 51 (1-point increments)
7. 7. 200 - 800 What is the total scaled score range? Understand the Scoring
8. 8. 400 What is a “GOOD” score? Understand the Scoring is the 13 percentile ?
9. 9. 550 What is a “GOOD” score? Understand the Scoring is the 50 percentile ?
10. 10. 640 What is a “GOOD” score? Understand the Scoring is the 75 percentile ?
11. 11. 670 What is a “GOOD” score? Understand the Scoring is the 85 percentile ?
12. 12. 720 What is a “GOOD” score? Understand the Scoring is the 95 percentile ?
13. 14. Understand the Scoring 7 - 52 What’s the range of scores in each sub-section?
14. 15. Understand the Scoring 28 What’s a good sub-section score? in Verbal is the 43 th percentile in Quant is the 23 th percentile ?
15. 16. Understand the Scoring 38 What’s a good sub-section score? in Verbal is the 83 th percentile in Quant is the 51 st percentile ?
16. 17. Understand the Scoring 49 What’s a good sub-section score? In Verbal is the 99 th percentile in Quant is the 87 th percentile ?
17. 18. The GMAT is a CAT .
18. 19.           Understand the Scoring
19. 20. Understanding how to skin a CAT will increase your chance of success.
20. 21.  Get questions right  Maximize early performance  Don’t leave questions blank  Be prepared for the setting Keys to great CAT scores
21. 22. Don’t be surprised by the use of advanced security measures such as palm vein readers.
22. 23. Learn about the atmosphere of the test center and practice in similar surroundings.
23. 24. Know the tools you can and cannot have with you.
24. 25.    “ Bell Curves will provide you with the necessary skills to achieve your goal, it is up to you to follow your study plan and put forth the effort to get the results.” BT, 150 pt. improvement. Get Help
25. 26. <ul><li>Tutors offer the greatest instructional value </li></ul><ul><li>Courses offer significant financial value </li></ul><ul><li>Self-study requires the greatest personal investment </li></ul>Typical preparation options
26. 27. Self-study can work, but working with experts usually saves time and money.
27. 28. Don’t just pay for help, buy in. If you do not fully commit you will impede your progress.
28. 29. Actively change how you approach the test.
29. 30. If you want to get the score, you will do the time. Accept that proper preparation will require a good deal of your time.
30. 32. You may need to be annoying.
31. 33.    “ I was accepted into Wharton, Chicago, and NYU. … I hope that I serve as example that the GMAT can be beaten -- although it took me multiple tries :-)” OS, 150 pt. improvement - 680 Learn the content
32. 34.  Grammar  Logical Reasoning  Reading Comprehension GMAT Verbal
33. 35.  Algebra  Geometry  Arithmetic  Number Properties  Statistics GMAT Quant
34. 36. The GMAT tests higher order thinking using basic math and verbal rules.
35. 37. The most basic preparation requires memorizing the rules, terms, formulas, and operations that the GMAT tests.
36. 38. <ul><li>x is a positive integer with factors 1 and x . </li></ul><ul><li>x is a positive integer with only factors of 1 and itself . </li></ul><ul><li>x is a positive integer with exactly one factor greater than 1 . </li></ul><ul><li>x is a positive integer with no factor y, such that 1 < y < x . </li></ul><ul><li>x is an integer and 13! + 2 ≤ x ≤ 13! + 15 </li></ul>Is x prime?
37. 39. Successful preparation requires learning to recognize hidden application of basic concepts.
38. 40. Sample Questions
39. 41. A certain roller coaster ride has between 79 and 131 people waiting in line to board. If riders are let on only in groups of 5 there will be 2 riders that do not get on. If the riders are let on only in groups of 6 all riders will be able to get on the roller coaster. How many riders are in the line? (A) 84 (B) 90 (C) 100 (D) 102 (E) 142 Knowledge: <ul><ul><li>A number is divisible by 5 if it ends in 0 or 5. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A number that has a remainder of 2 when divided by 5 will end in either 2 or 7. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A number is divisible by 6 if it ends in an even number and the sum of the digits is a multiple of 3. </li></ul></ul>
40. 42. What is the greatest possible integer value of x such that is an integer? (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10
41. 43. Understanding of content is key . Doing a lot of questions is necessary, but not sufficient.
42. 44.    “ Bell Curves taught me the basic math and the tricks to solve the tough problems.  However, most importantly, Bell Curves gave me the CONFIDENCE I needed to succeed.”  RR, 190 pt. improvement Perfect strategies
43. 45.  GMAT strategies  Subsection strategies  Question type strategies  Content specific strategies  Guessing strategies Types of Strategies
44. 46. Question Type Strategies
45. 47.  Write the choices in groups  Translate the question and statements Data Sufficiency
46. 48. <ul><li>If x and z are positive integers, is x a prime number? </li></ul><ul><li>(1) x = 2 z + 1 </li></ul><ul><li>(2) x < 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Each statement ALONE is sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient. </li></ul>
47. 49. If x and z are positive integers, is x a prime number? (1) x = 2 z + 1 (2) x < 4 AD B C E Real Question: is x prime? (2) x is 1, 2, or 3. (1 and 2) x is 3. (1) x is odd and greater than 1.
48. 50. If integer x is greater than 1, does x have more than 2 factors? (1) x has exactly one even factor. (2) x has exactly one odd factor. AD B C E Real Question: is x prime? (2) x is any power of 2. (1) x is 2.
49. 51. Question Type Strategies
50. 52. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper use of modifiers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pronoun agreement and clarity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel construction of lists </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper construction of comparisons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verb tense and agreement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Correct usage of idiom </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Sentence Correction
51. 53. Balding is much less common among African American and Hispanic males than White males. (A) than (B) than among (C) than are (D) compared to (E) in comparison with Knowledge: <ul><ul><li>Comparisons must be between structurally and logically parallel. items </li></ul></ul>Recognition: <ul><ul><li>Comparison words (like, unlike, than, etc.) indicate that comparisons are being tested. </li></ul></ul>
52. 54. <ul><li>Like Cordozar Calvin Broadus, the music of Christopher Wallace is honest, biographical, and complex – combining street vernacular with complex syntactic riffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Like Cordozar Calvin Broadus, the music of Christopher Wallace </li></ul><ul><li>(B) Like Cordozar Calvin Broadus, Christopher Wallace’s music </li></ul><ul><li>(C) Like Cordozar Calvin Broadus’, Christopher Wallace’s music </li></ul><ul><li>(D) As with Cordozar Calvin Broadus, Christopher Wallace’s music </li></ul><ul><li>(E) As is Cordozar Calvin Broadus’, the music of Christopher Wallace </li></ul>
53. 55. Guessing Strategies
54. 56. Figure PQRS, as shown above, is a square with sides of length 10. If A, B, and C are midpoints of the respective sides on which they are found, and O, R, and S are the centers of the arcs shown, what is the area of the shaded region? (A) 50 (B) 10π (C) 25π (D) 25 (E) 100 – 10π
55. 57.    “ After 9 weeks of the Bell Curves method, I increased my score 150 points to a 660.  The only thing more fulfilling than raising my score was the feeling that throughout the program I felt like I was studying smarter not harder than before.”  DD, 150 pt. improvement Practice effectively
56. 58.  Define specific goals  Focus on learning not doing  Be realistic about schedule and objectives  Analyze and learn from all results 4 Keys to effective practice
57. 59. In the country of Slovenia, the average life expectancy for the population as a whole is 63.5 years. However, children born in the Manzia province will live an average of 68 years while those born in the Turkania province will live 61.5 years. It follows that if a newly married couple from Turkania were to begin their family in Manzia, their children would be expected to live longer than if the family stayed in Turkania. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the passage’s conclusion? (A) Slovenia’s Census Bureau statisticians do not believe that moving to Manzia will significantly lengthen the average Turkanian’s life. (B) The Minister of Turkania has falsely alleged that statistics for his province are not accurate. (C) The longer life of Manzia’s current population is due mostly to factors of genetics. (D) Twenty percent of all Turkanians can expect to live past age 68. (E) Most of the cities in Manzia have levels of water pollution well below the national average for Slovenia
58. 60. Takeaways Knowledge : <ul><ul><li>Statistical arguments assume that the part sampled represents the entire population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causal arguments assume no other possible cause. </li></ul></ul>Recognition : <ul><ul><li>Statistical arguments are based on polls, samples, or surveys. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causal arguments provide justifications or explanations for events. </li></ul></ul>
59. 61. Effective practice must account for your schedule and the test format, and must adjusts as you progress .
60. 62. Don’t make excuses for poor performance.
61. 63. Thorough practice requires that you be analytical . To be analytical you must be honest with yourself.
62. 64. You must be determined . Though it may take longer than you want, anyone can get over a 600 , given the time and instruction.
63. 66. Integrate GMAT prep into everyday activities.
64. 67. Be realistic in how you practice. To effectively prepare for a computer-based test requires computer-based practice .
65. 68.   “ Bell Curves will provide you with the necessary skills to achieve your goal, it is up to you to follow your study plan and put forth the effort to get the results.” BT, 150 pt. improvement. Find your zone
66. 69.  Develop a personal pacing plan  Learn when you are working efficiently  Know when to move on  Eliminate doubt and second guessing  Live in the moment Get in the zone
67. 70. Are you the tortoise or the hare ?
68. 71. Quant section: 26 correct 11 incorrect Score: 49
69. 72. Quant section: 25 correct 12 incorrect Score: 49
70. 73. Sample question
71. 74. The sum of the first 50 positive integers that are divisible by 2 is 2,550. What is the sum of the integers from 101 to 201, inclusive, that are divisible by 2? (A) 2,550 (B) 5,100 (C) 6,600 (D) 7,550 (E) 10,550
72. 75.   “ Bell Curves will provide you with the necessary skills to achieve your goal, it is up to you to follow your study plan and put forth the effort to get the results.” BT, 150 pt. improvement. Create a plan
73. 76.  Starts with a practice test  Includes research  Includes realistic budget  Acknowledges competition for your time  Has a plan B Your GMAT prep plan
74. 77. Five day plan
75. 78. Pray.
76. 79. Go back in time.
77. 80.  Take a practice test each Saturday  Review your test on Sunday  Memorize formulas/rules weekdays  Practice topics you missed on the test weekdays  Rinse and repeat One month prep plan
78. 81.  Research course/tutors  Begin pre-course work  Take course and complete all work  Do post-course work Six month prep plan
79. 82. Someone told me that...
80. 83. Thank you Akil Bello | 877.223.3828 PhD Project Discount code: Bell Curves Live and Online | Classes and Preparation Resources