First Aid CPR SNAKE BITE

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First Aid CPR SNAKE BITE

  1. 1. “ ABCDE” OF FIRST AID <ul><li>A. AIRWAY </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B. BREATHING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C. CIRCULATION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D. DISABILITY LIMITATION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E. EVACUATION </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. FIRST AID DONT’S <ul><li>DONT : </li></ul><ul><li>TOUCH A WOUND WITH A FINGER OR INSTRUMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>ALLOW TO GO ANY BLEEDING UNCHECKED </li></ul><ul><li>MOVE A PATIENT UNNECESSARY </li></ul><ul><li>ALLOW A PATIENT WITH FRACTURE/SUSPECTED FRACTURE TO BE MOVED UNTIL SPLINTS HAVE BEEN APPLIED. </li></ul><ul><li>NEGLECT SHOCK </li></ul><ul><li>BURN A PATIENT WITH AN UNWRAPPED HOT WATER BOTTLE OR OTHER HEATED OBJECTS </li></ul>
  3. 3. FIRST AID DONT’S <ul><li>FAIL TO GIVE ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION WHEN NEEDED. </li></ul><ul><li>FAIL TO REMOVE ARTIFICIAL TEETH,TOBACCO OTHER EATABLES FROM THE MOUTH OF AN UNCONSCIOUS PATIENT. </li></ul><ul><li>WASH WOUNDS </li></ul>
  4. 4. FIRST AID DONT’S <ul><li>REDUCE DISLOCATIONS EXCEPT OF THE FINGER & LOWER JAWS. </li></ul><ul><li>PUT A QUID OF TOBACCO ON THE WOUND </li></ul><ul><li>LEAVE A TORNIQUET ON OVER 20 MINUTES WITHOUT LOOSENING. </li></ul><ul><li>ATTEMPT TOO MUCH </li></ul><ul><li>FORGET TO SEND FOR A PHYSICIAN. </li></ul>
  5. 5. HEART ATTACK <ul><li>PATIENT PRESENTS WITH: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNCOMFORTABLE CHEST PAIN, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHEST FULLNESS,SQUEEZING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHEST PAIN,PALPITATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DISCOMFORT IN THE CENTRE OF THE CHEST LASTING FOR MORE THAN 2 MIN. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COLD SWEATING,NAUSEA,SHORTNESS OF BREATH,DIZZINESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEELING OF XTREME WEAKNESS/DREAD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXERTIONAL PRECIPITATION OF ANY OF ABOVE. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. HEART ATTACK <ul><li>WHAT YOU OBSERVE: </li></ul><ul><li>UNCONSCIOUSNESS. </li></ul><ul><li>MOIST,COOL & BLUISH SKIN </li></ul><ul><li>ABSENT PULSE </li></ul><ul><li>LACK OF BREATHING </li></ul><ul><li>DILATED PUPILS </li></ul>
  7. 7. HEART ATTACK <ul><li>DANGERS OF CHEST PAIN(RESTRICTED BLOOD FLOW TO HEART): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OCCURS BEFORE THE ACTUAL HEART ATTACK. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAY HAPPEN DAYS,WEEKS OR EVEN MONTHS BEFORE THE HEART ATTACK. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAY BE MILD & EASY TO IGNORE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAY BE CONFUSED WITH INDIGESTION. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAY BE EASILY CONFUSED WITH SORE MUSCLES. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RISK FACTORS FOR A HEART ATTACK : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AGE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMOKING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DIABETES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MALE GENDER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGH CHOLESTROL LEVEL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R. <ul><li>STEP 1: CHECK FOR SIGNS OF CARDIAC ARREST, UNCONCIOUSNESS & ABSENT PULSE. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 2:CALL FOR MEDICAL HELP OR ASK A BYSTANDER TO DO SO. </li></ul>
  9. 10. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R <ul><li>STEP 3:IF YOU SUSPECT CARDIAC ARREST,PLACE THE VICTIM IN POSITION FOR CPR BY ROLLING HIM ONTO HIS BACK. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 4:OPEN THE AIRWAY BY EXTENDING & LIFTING THE NECK.TILT CHIN UPWARDS. </li></ul>
  10. 11. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R. <ul><li>STEP 5:CHECK FOR BREATHING SIGNS,CHEST MOVEMENTS. CLEAR FOREIGN OBJECTS FROM THE MOUTH. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 6:IF VICTIM IS NOT BREATHING BEGIN RESCUE BREATHING IMMEDIATELY:PINCH THE NOSE OF VICTIM & BREATHE RAPIDLY INTO HIS MOUTH 4 TIMES. NOW FEEL FOR PULSE & CHEST MOVEMENTS. </li></ul>
  11. 12. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R. <ul><li>STEP 7: IF CHEST RISES & PULSE IS PRESENT,CONTINUE RESCUE BREATING. IF CHEST DOES NOT RISE & PULSE IS ABSENT,BEGIN CHEST COMPRESSIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 8:KNEEL BESIDE THE VICTIM.FIND THE LOWER TIP OF BREAST BONE.2 FINGER-BREDTH ABOVE THIS POINT,PLACETHE HEEL OF ONE HAND,WITH THE OTHER HAND ON THE TOP. </li></ul>
  12. 13. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R. <ul><li>STEP 9: WITH YOUR BODY DIRECTLY ABOVE THE VICTIM’S,THURST FORCEFULLY & RHYTHMICALLY 15 TIMES,@ONE THURST PER SECOND.THURST HARD ENOUGH TO DEPRESS THE BREASTBONE BY 1 ½ INCHES. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 10:BETWEEN EACH DOWNSTROKE,RELEASE,LIFTING HANDS UPWARDS WHILE STILL KEEPING THE HEEL OF THE HAND IN CONTACT WITH THE CHEST. </li></ul>
  13. 14. HEART ATTACK & C.P.R. <ul><li>STEP 11: LEAN OVER QUICKLY,OPEN THE AIRWAY & TAKE A DEEP BREATHE.PINCH THE VICTIM’S NOSE, THEN QUICKLY BREATHE TWICW INTO HIS MOUTH. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 12: REPEAT THIS CYCLE IE i.e.15 CHEST THUMPS FOLLOWED BY2 BREATHS, UNTIL MEDICAL HELP ARRIVES OR THE VICTIM REGAINS THE PULSE. </li></ul>
  14. 15. CHEMICAL SPLASH INTO THE EYES <ul><li>FLUSH EYES WITH WATER IMMEDIATELY.IT WILL DILUTE THE CHEMICAL.USE ANY SOURCE OF WATER BEFORE U FIND STERILE WATER. </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINUE TO FLASH THE EYES FOR AT LEAST 20 MINUTES. </li></ul><ul><li>READ THE CHEMICAL’S POISON & ANTIDOTE MENTIONED ON THE SLIP. </li></ul><ul><li>SEEK EMERGENCY MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IF PAIN,BURNING ,FB SENSATION OR BLURRED VISION PERSIST. </li></ul>
  15. 16. HUMAN BITE <ul><li>HUMAN BITE IS MORE DANGEROUS THAN ANY ANIMAL B’S OF PRESENCE OF VIRUSES & BACTERIA IN THE MOUTH.IF SKIN IS BROKEN: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STOP BLEEDINDG BY APPLYING PRESSURE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WASH THE WOUND THOROUGHLY WITH SOAP & WATER. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APPLY AN ANTIBIOTIC CREAM. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APPLY A CLEAN BANDAGE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONSULT A PHYSICIAN FOR MEDICATION. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. PUNCTURE WOUND <ul><li>STOP BLEEDING. </li></ul><ul><li>CLEAN THE WOUND. </li></ul><ul><li>APPLY ANTIBIOTIC OINTMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>COVER THE WOUND. </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE THE DRESSING AT LEAST DAILY. </li></ul><ul><li>WATCH FOR THE SIGNS OF INFECTION </li></ul>
  17. 18. FAINTING 1 <ul><li>THIS BRIEF SPELL IS A RESULT OF MOMENTARILY INADEQUATE BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE BRAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>IF YOU FEEL FAINT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LIE DOWN OR SIT DOWN. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLACE YOUR HEAD BETWEEN YOUR LEGS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IF THIS RECURS ,CONSULT YOUR PHYSICIAN </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. FAINTING 2 <ul><li>IF SOMEONE ELSE FAINTS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POSITION THE PERSON ON HIS BACK WITH LEGS ELEVATED ABOVE THE HEART LEVEL. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WATCH THE AIRWAY CAREFULLY. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LISTEN FOR THE BREATHING SOUNDS ELSE BEGIN WITH CPR & CALL FOR MEDICAL ASSISTANCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IF PERSON IS BREATHING LOOK FOR CONSCIOUSNESS BY GIVING SOME COMMANDS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOOSEN BELTS,COLLARS OR OTHER CONSTRICTIVE CLOTHINGS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IF FAINTING IS A RESULT OF TRAUMA, GIVE APPROPRIATE FIRST AID AS A.B.C.D.E. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. SNAKE BITE COMMON SYMPTOMS <ul><li>BLOODY WOUND DISCHARGE. </li></ul><ul><li>FANG MARKS IN THE SKIN. </li></ul><ul><li>SWELLING AT THE SITE OF THE BITE. </li></ul><ul><li>SEVERE LOCALIZED PAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>BURNING. </li></ul><ul><li>CONVULSIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>FAINTING. </li></ul><ul><li>NAUSEA & VOMITTING. </li></ul><ul><li>DIARROEA. </li></ul><ul><li>DIZZINESS. </li></ul><ul><li>WEAKNESS. </li></ul><ul><li>BLURRED VISION. </li></ul><ul><li>EXCESSIVE SWEATING. </li></ul><ul><li>FEVER. </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASED THIRST. </li></ul><ul><li>LOSS OF MUSCLE </li></ul><ul><li>CO-ORDINATION. </li></ul><ul><li>NUMBNESS & TINGLING. </li></ul><ul><li>RAPID PULSE. </li></ul>
  20. 21. SNAKE BITE <ul><li>TREATMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>a) WHILE U WAIT FOR MEDICAL ASSISTANCE,WITHIN 30 MINUTES DO THE FOLLOWING : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WASH THE AREA WITH SOAP & WATER. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMMOBILIZE THE BITTEN AREA & KEEP IT LOWER THAN THE HEART. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COVER THE AREA WITH A CLEAN ,COOL COMPRESS OR A MOIST DRESSING TO MINIMIZESWELLING & DISCOMFORT. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. SNAKE BITE <ul><li>b) IF THE VICTIM IS UNABLE TO REACH MEDICAL CARE WITHIN 30 MINUTES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A BANDAGE, 2-4 INCHES ABOVE THE BITE, TO HELP SLOW THE VENOM. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A SUCTION DEVICE CAN BE PLACED OVER THE BITE TO HELP DRAW VENOM OUT OF THE WOUND. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. SNAKE BITE * PREVENTION* <ul><li>LEAVE SNAKE ALONE. </li></ul><ul><li>DONT TRY TO KILL WHEN YOU ENCOUNTER A SNAKE. </li></ul><ul><li>STAY OUT OF TALL GRASS. </li></ul><ul><li>WEAR THICK LEATHER BOOTS WHILE YOU ARE IN WOODS. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT PICKUP ROCKS OR FIREWOOD UNLESS U R OUT OF SNAKE’S STRIKING DISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>BE CAUTIOUS & ALERT WHEN CLIMBING ROCKS. </li></ul>

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