What is Biotechnology?To make use of biological processes for the benefitof mankind is known as biotechnology, or in otherwords it is the technology where natural processessuch as bacterial activity and actions of enzymesare used as a tool for other operations.
White Biotechnology White biotechnology is the name given to the use of biotechnology in industrial processes. Products: Biochemical, fine chemicals such as food ingredients and pharmaceutical chemicals. Biomaterials such as polylactic acid. Biofuels such as ethanol and hydrogen. Advantages: Increased sustainability and efficiency. Less waste and less pollution as natural processes are used A plant for the production of food additives.
Red Biotechnology Red biotechnology or clinical biotechnology is the name given to the use of biotechnology for medical purposes. Products: General use medicines Growth hormones Insulin Antibiotics
Green Biotechnology Given its rather self explanatory name Green Biotechnology is used to enhance agricultural output.Products: Bio fertilizers Bio pesticides Enhanced seedsAdvantages: Increased output from agriculture. Output may provide more nutrition depending on the type of seed alteration that has taken place
Green BiotechnologyA diagram showing plant DNA manipulation
Some facts about Biotechnology Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are consumed by millions of people everyday. Almost 56% of all soybean plantings worldwide are genetically engineered Genetically modified crops were produced on more than 167 million acres in 18 countries in 2003, a 15% increase from 2002
Some facts about Biotechnology Dolly is the first animal cloned from diploid cells is produced in Scotland.
Everyday uses of BiotechnologyWe make use of biotechnology almost every day in our life without even noticing, whenwe bake a cake we use yeast, which is a bacteria that acts on the flour making it swollenand fluffy.In the process of making yogurt and cheese weallow bacteria to act on the milk .When we wash our garments, we use detergentsthat may contain specific bacteria and enzymes that help remove stains from the clothing.People also use a process called fermentation to make wines, from grapes and otheringredients
Criticism against Biotechnology The process of cloning is considered unethical by most people. Unexpected impacts of genetically modified organisms and biotechnology processes on other organisms and the environment Concerns over the safety and ethics of incorporating GMO’s into food for human consumption