The indiantobaccocontrolact a-publichealthimperative
CIGARETTE SMOKE CONTAINS 4000 POISONS
WHAT IS AT STAKE?1 tobacco related death every 6 seconds = 10 million annual deaths by 20301 Billion deaths in 21st Century
Global Tobacco Toll Tobacco toll rising globally: 5 million in 2002 to 10 million in 2030- WHO Developing Countries increasingly vulnerable: 7 million deaths in 2030- WHO 700 million children worldwide are forced to passively breathe tobacco smoke 1.69 million due to cardiovascular diseases 1.47 million due to all tobacco related (0.83 million due to lung cancer) 1 million due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
ECONOMIC COSTS OF TOBACCO Health Care: Just for 3 diseases(Coronary Heart Disease; Cancer; Chronic Lung Disease)Health Care cost in 2002 – 2003 was Rs. 308.33 Billion (USD 7.2 Billion)Tobacco also has: Environmental costs & Social costs
Prevalence Of Tobacco Use Among The Youth - INDIA Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted among school going youth (aged 13-15) during 2000-2004 in India: Ever tobacco use : 25.1% Current tobacco use: 17.5% Current smokeless: 14.6% Current smoking: 8.3% Current cigarette smoking: 4.2%Results support the need to prevent youth from initiating tobacco habit and provide the evidence base for the provisions of Indian Tobacco Control Act, 2003
PRICE INCREASE OF 10% IMPACT ON SMOKERS ALIVE IN 1995 Change in Change inGrouping number of smokers number of deaths (millions) (millions)Low/middle -36 -9IncomeHigh Income -4 -1World -40 -10 Source: World Bank Report, 1999
TOBACCO CONTROL POLICIES WORK Ban on smoking in bars: 80% reduction in salivary cotinine levels of bar staff (BMJ 2005; 331:1117-22) Graphic warning labels have impact on smoking cessation (Tobacco Control 2003; 12:391-95) Reduced incidence of admissions for myocardial infarction after public smoking ban (BMJ 2004; 328:977-80)