Green building


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Green building

  1. 1. Introduction to Green Buildings
  2. 2. Defining Sustainability UnitedNations World Commission on Environment and Development – “Development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
  3. 3. Defining Green Buildings Design and construction practices that significantly reduce, or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and its occupants with regard to site planning; safeguarding water use and water use efficiency; promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy; conserving materials and resources; and promoting indoor environmental quality.” (US Green Building Council)
  4. 4. Construction Impacts 76 million residential buildings in US 5 million commercial buildings in US consume 40 % or raw materials 32% total energy produced 17% fresh water 25% global wood harvest 5 billion gals water/day just for toilets generates – 25-40% of municipal solid waste from C&D – 50% of US CFC production – 30% of US CO2 production
  5. 5. Building Operations Impacts 49% of Sulfur Dioxide emissions 25% nitrous oxide emissions 10% of all particulate matter 1/3 of all energy consumption in US 2/3 of all electricity consumption in US disturbs natural habitats contaminates air, soil, and water depletes non-renewable resources ½ of greenhouse gases 35% of carbon dioxide emissions community issues occupant issues – sources: “The Architecture of Sustainability, 2002”, World Watch Institute, USGBC
  6. 6. Key Issues and Benefits Institution  Green ethics / commitment Building Commissioning  Research and Grant Air Quality opportunities Occupants productivity  Being a leader (as it and well being should) Energy Conservation  Responsibility to show importance Water Conservation  Competitive advantage Storm Water (ie – recruiting) Management  Institutional community Waste Management demand Local & State Standards  Great public relations & Programs
  7. 7. Overall Financial Benefits Energy  Lower Operation and Water Maintenance Costs  Competitive First Wastewater Costs Reduced Waste – Through integrated Improved Indoor design & synergies Environmental Quality  Increased Value & ROI Greater Employee  Marketing Advantage Comfort/Productivity  Reduced Liability Reduced Employee – Improve Risk Health Costs Management – Insurance costs
  8. 8. Overall Financial Benefits Financial Benefits of a Green Building equate to $50-$70 SF over lifetime Over 10X return on any premium cost associated with building it over lifetime Source: USGBC
  9. 9. Air Quality Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) – effect the contents of the inside air has on a structure and its occupants People spend 90% of their time indoors Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants than outdoor air  USEPA “Indoor Air Quality” Jan, 6 2003
  10. 10. Energy Conservation US uses 25% of world energy but only has 5% of population & 95% of our energy is from fossil fuels (US Energy Information Administration) Higher Education - $2 Billion/year on energy (American School & University) Most can reduce by up to 30% - savings can be used on: – New faculty – Upgrades/renovations for more savings – New programs
  11. 11. Water Conservation USA uses 340 billion gallons of fresh water per day Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways Energy Policy Act of 1992 Facilities can easily reduce use by 20-30% with little cost and effort Water & Sewer Bills Connection Fees & Tax Base
  12. 12. Occupants Well Being and Productivity Relationship exists between worker comfort/productivity and building design/operation Hidden sick days – higher absenteeism, respiratory ailments, allergies, asthma = lower productivity, higher insurance and medical costs A 1% increase in productivity (about 5 minutes per day) equals $600-700 per employee per year - a ^1.5% equals about $1,000/yr  (Katz 2003 study)
  13. 13. Mythology About First Costs Common Perception when we started was +20-30% Past & Current Trend Recent Studies – Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF – Most of cost associated with increased architectural and engineering design, time, modeling and integration time – Earlier you integrate the lower the cost
  14. 14. Mythology About First Costs Average Green Cost Premium vs. Level of Green Certification 8 Percent Cost 6 4 Increase 2 0 Average Green Cost Basic Gold Premium (in percent) Level of LEED Certification Source: USGBC, Capital E Analysis
  15. 15. Mythology About First Costs Another recent study has shown the following average increase in project construction costs, on a percentage basis for LEED certification. – Certified 0 – 2.5% – Silver 0 – 3.3% – Gold 0.3 – 5.0% – Platinum 4.5 – 8.5% Start Early – Save Costs  Source: Sasaki Associates 2004
  16. 16. Mythology About First Costs Building green can be done for no additional cost Initial premium costs are entirely up to you and project specific LEED buildings average only a 2-3% increase in costs, but can be done for the same budget as traditional buildings with planning Savings from green building’s more than return any premium you may choose to put into it Design Fees will be higher but construction costs may be reduced Set Budget first then work fees within framework
  17. 17. General Mythologies Appearance of Green Buildings – You design it to look how you want. It can easily match traditional campus design or not. – Carpet, furniture and windows do not have to look different. They can look like traditional ones only they perform better and are healthier. – Does not need to be high tech to be green. Time – Green Buildings take the same amount of time to construct as regular buildings. More time may be required in the Design phase though. Costs – Green Buildings do not have to cost more. With planning they can be built at the same price or less. – Design fees may be higher in the beginning of the project but the extra design work will lower the actual construction costs. In the end the building costs the same and fits in the traditional budget.  Normal: 2 + 2 = 4  Green: 3 + 1 = 4 – Long term maintenance and operations costs can be reduced by 20 – 50% with good planning.
  18. 18. Green Buildings at USC West Quad Residence  Baseball Stadium Hall & Learning Center  Horizon Buildings School of Public Health  Biomedical Buildings Library Rare Books  Arnold II Collection & Modern Political Wings  Band/Dance Building Law School  Innovista New Honors College Gamma Phi Beta Sorority New Student Health Center
  19. 19. West Quad
  20. 20. West Quad $30.9M project cost  Reduced - $25M const. cost Construction & 177,000 SF - Change Order Costs $141.24/sf  45%-55% More SAME COST & Time Energy Efficient = 502 bed spaces – 4 over $50,000 buildings savings annually  20% more Water Residential, office, Efficient = $ 3900+ academic & retail savings annually spaces  Residents comment Goal of LEED Silver on improved health – Achieved and productivity
  21. 21. West Quad at USC Selected “Green” Project Particulars – Designed to be 40% more energy efficient and to use 20% less water – “Green” roof on Learning Center – Fuel Cell for supplemental electricity & hot water – Solar pre-heating for domestic hot water – Low VOC paints and carpets & 100% Fresh Air – Daylighting in all buildings  Building orientation  Light shelves for shading and natural lighting on southern exposures  Light wells on Learning Center – “Green” board in case good furnishings – Total storm water management integration
  22. 22. US Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy& Environmental Design (LEED)
  23. 23. USGBC’s MISSION:to promote the design andconstruction of buildings that areenvironmentally responsible,profitable, and healthy places to liveand work.The organization’s activities…  Integrate building industry sectors  Lead market transformation  Educate owners and practitioners
  24. 24. USGBC is... A national nonprofit organization A diverse membership of organizations Consensus-driven Committee-based product development Developer and administrator of the LEED® Green Building Rating System
  25. 25. What is “Green” Design?Design and construction practices thatsignificantly reduce or eliminate the negativeimpact of buildings on the environment andoccupants in five broad areas: Sustainable site planning Safeguarding water and water efficiency Energy efficiency and renewable energy Conservation of materials and resources Indoor environmental quality
  26. 26. ®Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design A leading-edge system for designing, constructing, operating and certifying the world’s greenest buildings.
  27. 27. ®Why Was LEED Created? Use as a design guideline Recognize leaders Stimulate green competition Establish market value with recognizable national “brand” Raise consumer awareness Transform the marketplace!
  28. 28. ® Why Was LEED Created? Facilitate positive results for the environment, occupant health and financial return Define “green” by providing a standard for measurement Prevent “greenwashing” (false or exaggerated claims) Promote whole-building, integrated design processes
  29. 29. LEED-NC® Market  Transformation Registered Projects by State - Top 10 35000000 30000000 Gross Square Feet-GSF) 25000000 20000000 15000000 10000000 5000000 0 306 107 102 100 90 76 73 68 68 62 CA PA WA NY OR TX MA IL MI VA State and Number of ProjectsAs of 05.02.05 All statistics exclude pilot projects
  30. 30. LEED-NC® Market Transformation Registered Projects by State - Top 10 Where does the Southeast stand? Georgia – 62 South Carolina - 56 North Carolina – 42
  31. 31. LEED-NC® Point Distribution Five LEED credit categories Indoor Environmental Quality Sustainable 23% Sites 22% Materials & Resources Water 20% Efficiency Energy & 8% Atmosphere 27%
  32. 32. Resources – US Green Building Council - Extensive Resource List The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design - bookstore – ISO 14001 EMS - EPA’s EMS site – US DOE – US EPA - West Quad Handbook - Sustainable Universities Initiative (SUI) – Environmental Building News – Environmental Design & Construction – Green Building Alliance - Earth Craft Homes – Green Globes
  33. 33. Contact InfoAKASH MANDALCIVIL – 6A1+91-99999-2-4321+91-95555-2-4321DELHICASH@GMAIL.COMDELHICASH@YAHOO.COMTHANK YOU