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  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Beautiful Land Of SOHNI<br />“GUJRAT”<br />Presented by:<br />Akash raza<br /><br />
  3. 3. The Beautiful Land Of SOHNI<br />“GUJRAT”<br />TOPIC OF PRESENTATION<br />
  4. 4. Location<br /><ul><li> Gujrat is situated near the</li></ul> Chenab, 120 km north of <br /> Lahore. <br /><ul><li> Prominent nearby </li></ul> locations include Jhelum, <br /> Gujranwala, Mandi <br /> Bahauddin, Sialkot and <br /> Bhimber Azad Kashmir. <br /><ul><li> The city is surrounded by </li></ul> many villages from which <br /> the local labour market is <br /> supplied.<br />
  5. 5. Area and Population <br /><ul><li>According to 1998, Area3192sq.miles
  6. 6. According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, total population of Gujrat district is 20,48,000 persons.</li></ul>10,26,000 are males<br /> 10,22,000 are females<br /><ul><li> Density of population in the district is 642 persons per square Kilometre
  7. 7. Population percentage break-up,</li></ul> Rural 72.3% <br /> Urban 27.7% <br /><ul><li> Literacy Rate</li></ul> Sixth Number<br /> 62.18%<br />
  8. 8. History<br /><ul><li>Founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC
  9. 9. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great.
  10. 10. Gujrat is one of those cities of sub-contient, which were planned at the time of construction.
  11. 11. Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district:</li></li></ul><li>Tehsiles <br /><ul><li> Gujrat spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometer.
  12. 12. Three Tehsils:</li></ul> Gujrat:<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Kharian:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Sarai Alamgir:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Moderate Climate
  14. 14. Temperaature
  15. 15. During peak summer up to 45°C(hot spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains).
  16. 16. During the winter below 2°C
  17. 17. Average rainfall
  18. 18. On the Kasmirborder is over 100 cm
  19. 19. Kharian 75 cm
  20. 20. Gujrat 67 cm
  21. 21. Dinga 50 cm</li></ul>Climate<br />
  22. 22. Transport<br /><ul><li> Transport system include metalled roads:
  23. 23. Length 1,019 kilometres .
  24. 24. It linked with
  25. 25. Gujranwala,
  26. 26. Jhelum,
  27. 27. Mandi Bahauddin
  28. 28. SAMMI Daewoo Express,
  29. 29. connects Gujrat with Lahore.</li></li></ul><li>Transport<br />Trunk Road, built by emperor Sher Shah Suri, situated beside the GT Road and main rail line.<br />
  30. 30. Railway:<br /><ul><li>Main Peshawar- Karachi railway line passes through Gujrat district.
  31. 31. It linked with
  32. 32. Jhelum,
  33. 33. Mandi Bahauddin,
  34. 34. Sargodha
  35. 35. Gujranwala</li></li></ul><li>Airport:<br /><ul><li>Gujrat Airport is not functional
  36. 36. People use Allama Iqbal International Airport,Lahore
  37. 37. Sialkot International Airport</li></li></ul><li> Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling Ancient Greece, referring to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are located in Gujrat.<br /> Education<br />
  38. 38. Institutions:<br /><ul><li> University Of Gujrat</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Nawaz Sharif Medical College, Hafiz Hayat: </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Govt. Zaminadar College Bhimber road:
  39. 39. Govt. Fatima Jinnah Degree College for Girls, Fawara Chowk :</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Govt. College for Girls, Maraghzar Colony, Bhimber Road.
  40. 40. Railway road College.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Swedish Pakistani Institute of Technology.
  41. 41. Govt.Science College.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Mojar Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed, a recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider (Pakistan's highest Military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1965 was born in Laadian, village in Gujrat. </li></ul>Famous people<br />
  42. 42. <ul><li>Major Muhammad Akram, another recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider during the India-Pakistan war of 17 December 1971, was born in Dinga, a village near Gujrat.
  43. 43. Major Shabir Shrif Shaheed (born Aprail 28,1943 in Kunjah, Gujrat District) was another recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider .</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Elahi Chaudhry former President of Pakistan(In office14 August 1973 – 16 Setember 1978) also served as speaker of national assembly.
  44. 44. Ch. Zahoor Elahi the head of chauhdery family and famos politician.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch Shujaat Hussain former Prime Minister And President Pakistan Muslim League [Q] (2008)
  45. 45. Ch Pervaiz Elahi former Chief Minister Of Punjab and President Pakistan Muslim League [Q](Punjab)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch Aitzaz Ashan, Ex-President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and hero of movement for the independence of judiciary.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch. Qamar Zaman kaira Minister for Information and Broadcasting.
  46. 46. Ch. Tanweer Ashraf Kaira minister for finance of Punjab province.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Inayat Hussain Bhatti, singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker, columnist and religious scholar. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Late Alam lohar and his son arif lohar famous folk singer also belongs to Gujrat. Both are famous for their chimta with which they sing. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ejaz (full name Ejaz Durrani) The Ranjha of Pakistani film industry was born in a remote village of Jalalpur Jattan, District Gujrat in 1935. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Malka-e- mausequee Roshan Ara Begum was a very famous classical singer of Pakistan and India . She is the daughter of Ustad Abdul Haqq Khan. In 1948 she migrated to Pakistan settled in Lalamusa, a town of gujrat. She also deid there.</li></li></ul><li>Gujrat is a land of great people with literary taste so this land have produced many writers and poets.<br />
  47. 47. <ul><li>Anwar Masood a great humorous poet of Punjabi and Urdu also belongs to Gujrat. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Javed Chauhdery the most readied columnist of Pakistan and now anchor person also belongs to Gujrat.</li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>Sohni Mahiwal is a famous folk tale of the Punjab region. The heroine of the story, named "Sohni" (a Punjabi word, meaning "beautiful"), came from the Gujrat region. </li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>She used to meet her lover "Mahinwal" by crossing the Chenab river, sitting on a pitcher. The tale is still told to this day, and is an essential part of Punjabi culture.</li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>Dress :</li></ul>Shalwar kamiz or Dhoti kamiz <br />
  48. 48. <ul><li>Artistic handicrafts. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>‘Hookas’ </li></li></ul><li>Melay: <br /> Gujrat a land of Sufi saints which are the spirtual leaders of the people of this area.<br /><ul><li> Sain Kanwa Wali Sarkar.
  49. 49. Karam Elahi</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Hazart Hafiz Hayyat: </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Hazrat Syed Kabeer ul Din Shah Wali Daryaee</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Agriculture
  50. 50. Overseas
  51. 51. Fan industry
  52. 52. Pottery industry
  53. 53. Shoes and Rubber Tyre,Tube industry</li></ul>Economy/Industry<br />
  54. 54. Agriculture<br /><ul><li>Main Crops: Wheat and Rice are the main crops grown in the district. Besides, Sugarcane, Bajra, Tobacco, Maize, Jawar, Masoor, Moong, Mash, Oil Seed such as Mustard and Sun/Flower.</li></li></ul><li> More than 300,000 people from Gujrat live overseas and contribute more than 3 billion rupees per year as foreign exchange. They are playing a vital role in economies of their host countries and are keenly interested in Gujrat affairs at all levels. People from all the three tehsils, Gujrat, Kharian and Sarai Alamgir represent Gujrat overseas.<br />Overseas of Gujrat <br />
  55. 55. Gujrat has a unique status throughout the Punjab due to some of its manufacturing capabilities and productions. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district.<br />Industry: <br />
  56. 56. <ul><li>The story of emergence of electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan is one of those heroic efforts made by a few enterprising individuals. </li></ul>Fan industry<br />
  57. 57. Pottery industry <br /><ul><li>District Gujrat produces low temperature pottery, flower pots and ceramic goods.</li></li></ul><li>Shoes and Rubber Tyre,Tube industry<br /> Servis Industries Limited is a publicly traded company and it is a part of Servis Group. Its annual revenue of US $ 45 million. It is the largest manufacturer of tyres and tubes for two-wheelers, and has been the largest exporter of footwear from Pakistan for a decade.<br />
  58. 58. Sites of interest<br /><ul><li>The Gujrat Fort, now in shambles, still stands,depicting the declining glory of Mughal architecture. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Head Marala: </li></ul> It is a head bridge over river Chanb at the junction of Gujrat and Sailkot. It is also used as Tourist spot.<br />
  59. 59. Parks<br /><ul><li>Childern Park:
  60. 60. Inyat-ul-Allah Park:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Nawaz Shrif Park</li></li></ul><li>(residence of the famous Chiragh Ali Hakeem Advocate and active member of Muslim league part until 1948) is another historical place, Where father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah resided for a short while.<br />Faiz-e-Ellahi Manzil<br />
  61. 61. Religious Places<br /><ul><li> Mosques(Faisal Mosque):</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Mosque Walait Shah:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Eidgah Mosque: </li></li></ul><li>Churches<br />ST. Andrew's Church:<br />
  62. 62. Hospitals: <br /><ul><li> District Head Quarter Hospital </li></ul> (Aziz Bhatti Hospital):<br />
  63. 63. <ul><li>Gujrat Hospital:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Maternity Hospital Gujrat</li></li></ul><li>Play Grounds:<br /><ul><li>Zahoor –Elahi Stadium</li></li></ul><li>Some Pictures of Gujrat City:<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65.
  66. 66.
  67. 67.
  68. 68.
  69. 69.
  70. 70. Some pictures of real Gujrat:<br />
  71. 71.
  72. 72.
  73. 73. Thank you very much<br />