Towards a smokefree Europe

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Towards a smokefree Europe

  1. 1. Towards a smokefree Europe<br />Malta Medical Students’ Association<br />EU HELP 2.0 Campaign<br />
  2. 2. History<br />The spread of the habit<br />
  3. 3. History<br />5000 BC – tobacco cultivated in South America<br />believed that smoking cured diseases<br />Smoking was used to:<br />contact spiritual world<br />seal peace treaties (peace pipe)<br />15th cent. – introduced in Europe<br />
  4. 4. Tobacco Epidemic<br />
  5. 5. The Cigarette<br />What does it contain?<br />
  6. 6. The Cigarette<br />Over 4,000 chemicals, more than 50 cause cancer<br />
  7. 7. Tar<br />stains teeth and fingers brown<br />contributes to lung disease<br />
  8. 8. Carbon Monoxide<br />odourless and colourless gas and extremely toxic<br />less oxygen taken up by the body<br />less fit, out of breath quicker<br />
  9. 9. Other Substances<br />
  10. 10. The Cigarette<br /> All these substances contribute to all the signs and symptoms observed in smokers…<br />
  11. 11. Nicotine<br />plants produce nicotine to prevent getting eaten by insects and animals<br />highly toxic…also used as industrial pesticide<br />contributes to:<br />reproductive disorders<br />heart disorders<br />cancer<br /> ........... addiction<br />
  12. 12. Addiction<br />Why is it so difficult to stop smoking?<br />
  13. 13. The Nicotine Addict<br />addict needs the drug to feel normal<br />drugs are illegal or prescriptive<br />although legal and harmful… nicotine is an addictive drug<br />similar to the addiction of heroin and cocaine      <br />
  14. 14. Paul thinks that quitting may be hard for other people, but he can quit any time he wants to…<br />
  15. 15. The Addiction Cycle<br />
  16. 16. ....so what happens if you do not take your cigarette?<br />The smoking addict would feel:<br />anxious<br />not concentrated<br />restless<br />
  17. 17. The Nicotine Addict<br />Nicotine addiction is what keeps many people smoking despite….<br />its harmful effects<br />wanting to quit<br />The consequences of this are many...<br />
  18. 18. Disease<br />What does smoking do to the human body?<br />
  19. 19. Kevin told Mark that after all smoking is not that harmful since cancer is the only disease smokers can get<br />….and everyone has to die one day or another<br />
  20. 20. Respiratory Problems<br />Cilia in airways move dust upwards so that they do not get in the delicate lungs<br />Smoke destroys them<br />
  21. 21. Lungs of a smoker<br />lung will no longer be clear as it was<br />smoking addicts are always coughing <br />coughing is with mucus from damaged lung<br />microbes accumulate in lungs<br />smokers develop infections more often<br />take longer to get better<br />infections lasting months<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Diseases of the Circulation<br />narrowing of the arteries<br />smoking addict has a 200% increased risk<br />
  25. 25. Consequences....<br />Heart Attack<br />Stroke<br />Disability<br />Death<br />
  26. 26. Cancer<br />
  27. 27. Lung Cancer<br />
  28. 28. How many people are affected?<br />
  29. 29. Annual Deaths <br />
  30. 30. Global Deaths by Smoking<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. These people were once young people like you...<br />
  33. 33. Malta<br />smoking is one of the major cause of disease and death among Maltese men<br />
  34. 34. Education<br />education helps in making people realise the effects of smoking<br />
  35. 35. Secondhand Smoke<br />Smoke in the environment around you<br />
  36. 36. 85% of cigarette smoke is produced between puffs<br />
  37. 37. Smoking and Pregnancy<br />What are the effects?<br />
  38. 38. Smoking in Pregnancy<br />
  39. 39. Smoking is not just suicide...<br />...it’s murder...<br />
  40. 40. Law<br />What are my rights?<br />
  41. 41. Law<br />smoking was banned in all enclosed public spaces (Malta, April 2004)<br />the right for a smokefree environment<br />Stand up for your rights!<br />
  42. 42. Smoking Ban<br />
  43. 43. Mirror, mirror....<br />How does smoking affect the way I look?<br />
  44. 44. Social effects<br />the clothes, hair and breath of a smoking addict immediately givehis habit away<br /> Bad odour<br />
  45. 45. Social effects<br />‘smoking reduces attractiveness’<br />over two-thirds of young people<br />over half of smokers<br />‘quit to improve my attractiveness’<br />nearly half of smokers<br />
  46. 46. ‘Kissing a smoker....<br /> is like licking an ashtray....’<br /> Randy Powell<br />
  47. 47. Aging of a Smoking Addict<br />
  48. 48. Cosmetic Effects<br />Skin - ages by 10- 20 years<br />Wrinkles – increases x3 times<br />Face - yellow-grey, hollow cheeks<br />Mouth – bad breath, gum & tooth disease<br />Staining - yellow tooth enamel and fingers<br />Fat – more fat storage and cellulite<br />
  49. 49. When telling her to quit, Maria argues that she has a right to smoke since smoking doesn't hurt anybody but her<br />
  50. 50. Co$t<br />How much mon€y does a<br /> smoking addict burn?<br />
  51. 51. Karmnu earns €7,030 a year and he says that he only smokes 1 packet of cigarettes a day. His wife tells him to quit because the house stinks and that their daughter suffers from asthma. <br />If a packet of cigarette costs €3.80....<br />How much does he spend daily?<br />And how much would this be for a year?<br />Since Karmnu earns €7,030 a year, what is the percentage of money spent on cigarattes?<br />
  52. 52. Cost<br />?<br />
  53. 53. Cost<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Malta...<br />money spent to cure tobacco-related disease could go for better education and healthcare<br />
  57. 57. Financial Burden<br />addicts in developing countries:<br />do not afford enough food<br />cannot pay education to their children<br />earn less because of sickness and <br />medical costs<br />death or disability of smoking parent<br /> leads to child labour<br />
  58. 58. Environment<br />Cutting trees, Fires, Toxic Waste and Litter<br />
  59. 59. Environmental Impact<br />5% of global deforestation is due to tobacco cultivation<br />leading cause of fatal household fires and bush fires<br />
  60. 60. Environmental Impact<br />chemical waste from tobacco factories<br />nonbiodegradable packaging and cigarette butts are a major source of a dirty environment<br />
  61. 61. The Tobacco Industry<br />Who benefits from all this?<br />
  62. 62. The industry<br />1994 - tobacco bosses swore that nicotine was notaddictive<br />Only 3 years later…<br />…admitted that nicotine was in fact addictive and that smoking could cause cancer…<br />
  63. 63. Expand to Developing Countries<br />
  64. 64. Youth and Gender Issues<br />
  65. 65.
  66. 66.
  67. 67. Employment<br />The cost of tobacco use is <br />than benefits!!<br />11 times greater <br />
  68. 68. What YOU can do<br />How can I help or get help?<br />
  69. 69. Yes! We can!<br />
  70. 70. More information<br />

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