Europe Plunges into war

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Europe Plunges into war

  1. 1. Section 2<br />Europe Plunges Into War<br />
  2. 2. Armies on the march<br />
  3. 3. Russia moves troops to it’s borders with Austria and Germany<br />Germany declares war on Russia, moves quickly and attacks France<br />Armies Mobilize<br />
  4. 4. Great Britain declares war on Germany<br />
  5. 5. By August of 1914 there are two sides at war in Europe.<br />By the end of the war 32 nations will have participated in the war on one side or another. <br />Two Sides<br />
  6. 6. Germany<br />Austria Hungary<br />Ottoman Empire<br />Bulgaria (1915)<br />Central Powers<br />
  7. 7. Britain<br />France<br />Russia<br />Japan<br />Italy (1915)<br />United States (1917)<br />Allied Powers<br />
  8. 8. Western Front – heavy battle zone in Northern France<br />Schlieffen Plan – German plan to quickly defeat France and then turn against Russia.<br />Bloody Stalemate<br />
  9. 9. Germans quickly advance on Paris reaching the outskirts.<br />Forced to retreat after First Battle of the Marne<br />Plan fails, Germany has to fight two-front war<br />
  10. 10. Schleiffen Plan<br />
  11. 11. Conflict descends into trench warfare – armies fighting from trenches.<br />Battle leads to slaughter on both sides, little gain from fighting.<br />Trench Warfare<br />
  12. 12. Life in trenches is miserable, difficult, unsanitary<br />Massive Losses in battles of Verdun and Somme<br />
  13. 13. 377,000 French<br />337,000 German<br />Verdun<br />
  14. 14. Allied and German troops sustained about 600,000 casualties each. The battle is renowned for the first use, by the British, of the modern tank.<br />First Battle of the Somme<br />
  15. 15. 200,000 British casualties and loss of 190,000 prisoners to the Germans, and about 180,000 German casualties<br />Second Battle of the Somme<br />
  16. 16. Eastern Front – site of main fighting along the German and Russian border.<br />Russians push into Austria and Germany, but soon forced to retreat.<br />Eastern Front<br />
  17. 17. Russia is suffering by 1916, many casualties, few supplies.<br />Huge army keeps Russia in the fight. <br />Prevents Germany from sending troops to Western Front.<br />Russia Struggles<br />

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