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  1. 1. Europe<br />The Land<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Significance of the Sea<br />Most of Europe lies within 300 miles of a seacoast.<br />Being this close influences people greatly.<br />Netherlands:<br />25% below sea level<br />Built dikes, large banks of earth and stone, to hold back water.<br />Reclaimed lands are called polders.<br />Let’s see it…<br />
  4. 4. Europe the PeninsulaNorthern Peninsulas<br />The far north of Europe in the Scandinavian Peninsula (Norway, Sweden) along with Finland and Denmark are a result of:<br />Glaciation, where glaciers formed and spread over the continent, carved out long, narrow, steep-sided inlets called fjords. <br />
  5. 5. Southern Peninsulas<br />Iberian Peninsula: extends off southwestern edge of Europe. <br />Spain & Portugal <br />Isolated by Strait of Gibraltar and Pyrenees Mountains.<br />Apennine Peninsula: boot in the Mediterranean.<br />Italy<br />Apennines forming the peninsula<br />
  6. 6. Southern Peninsulas Cont.<br />Balkan Peninsula:<br />Between the Adriatic/ Ionian Seas on the west, and the Aegean and Black seas on the east. <br />Possess a multitude of mountains and valleys stretching from the Danube River. <br />Historically people have moved along rivers and seas. <br />
  7. 7. Europe’s Islands<br />Iceland: with volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and glaciers next to each other…<br />
  8. 8. Europe’s Islands<br />British Isles in the northwest:<br />Great Britain and Ireland along with thousands of smaller islands<br />Britain has mountain ranges, plateaus, and deeps valleys in the north and west, but low hills and gentle plains in the south.<br />Ireland has lush green land with cool temperatures and abundant rainfall. <br />
  9. 9. Islands Cont. <br />Many lie south of the mainland in the Mediterranean.<br />Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Crete, and Cyprus<br />Frequent volcanic and earthquake activity<br />Spain’s Balearic Islands<br />Malta’s 5 islands<br />Greece’s nearly 2,000 islands <br />
  10. 10. Mountain Regions<br />Europe’s northwest mountains have some of the earth’s most ancient rock formations. <br />Extending from the Iberian Peninsula to eastern Europe, the central lowlands consist of low, rounded mountains and high plateaus with scattered forests. <br />Younger mountains in the south are more high and jagged.<br />The Alps <br />
  11. 11. Plains Regions<br />The North European Plain, or Great European Plain, stretches from southeastern England and western France eastward to Poland, Ukraine, and Russia. <br />Coal, iron ore, and other minerals along with fertile soil are found here.<br />
  12. 12. Water Systems<br />Most water systems flow from inland mountain and highland areas to the coasts.<br />Used for transportation and irrigation by linking waterways.<br />The Rhine is the most important river in western Europe, flowing from the Swiss Alps through France and Germany and into the Netherlands through major cities. <br />
  13. 13. Natural Resources<br />An abundance of coal and iron ore.<br />Fueled the industrial revolution<br />Many coal fields are depleted or too expensive to mine.<br />Alternatives are being used for power such as:<br />Pete<br />Oil<br />Gas<br />Nuclear<br />Hydroelectric<br />