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EUROPE<br />Physical<br />Geography<br />
The Peninsula of Peninsulas!<br />
Peninsulas<br />Northern<br />	Scandinavian Peninsula (Norway & Sweden)<br />	Jutland Peninsula (Denmark and Germany)<br /...
Fjords<br />Steep u-shaped valleys carved by glaciers that connect to the sea and that filled with sea water after the gla...
Islands<br />Large- Britain, Ireland, Iceland, Greenland<br />Small- Mediterranean Sea Islands<br />All depend on trade<br...
The Walls of Europe?<br />Mountains and uplands separate groups of people.<br />Make it difficult for people, goods and id...
Mountain Chains<br />Alps: France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and northern Balkan Peninsula<br />Pyrenees: sepa...
UPLANDS(not mountains!)<br />
Uplands are hills or very low mountains that may also contain mesas or plateaus.<br />Kjølen Mountains: Scandinavia<br />S...
Fertile Plains: Amber Waves of Grain<br />Northern European Plain<br />One of the most fertile regions in world<br />Huge!...
Europe’s Natural Resources<br /><ul><li>Coal & Iron (needed for industrial economy to make steel)
Oil and natural gas from North Sea
Agricultural land (33% of Europe is suitable for farming)
Timber
Peat</li></li></ul><li>Resources Shape Life!<br />Food, jobs, houses, even culture (ex: traditional European folk tales)<b...
Climate and Vegetation<br />
Most of Europe : Marine West Coast<br />Warm summer, cool winters<br />North Atlantic Drift – warm water flow from tropics...
North Atlantic Drift<br />
Inland : Humid Continental<br />More severe weather changes<br />Cold, snowy winters<br />Warm or hot summers<br />Adequat...
Mediterranean Coast: Mediterranean<br />Hot dry summers, mild wet winters<br />Winds<br />Mistral- cold, dry, north wind (...
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EUROPE

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EUROPE

  1. 1. EUROPE<br />Physical<br />Geography<br />
  2. 2. The Peninsula of Peninsulas!<br />
  3. 3. Peninsulas<br />Northern<br /> Scandinavian Peninsula (Norway & Sweden)<br /> Jutland Peninsula (Denmark and Germany)<br />Southern<br /> Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal)<br /> Italian Peninsula (Italy)<br /> Balkan Peninsula (surrounded by Adriatic, Mediterranean, and Aegean Seas)<br />
  4. 4. Fjords<br />Steep u-shaped valleys carved by glaciers that connect to the sea and that filled with sea water after the glacier melted.<br />Found in Norway<br />
  5. 5. Islands<br />Large- Britain, Ireland, Iceland, Greenland<br />Small- Mediterranean Sea Islands<br />All depend on trade<br />Sicily<br />
  6. 6. The Walls of Europe?<br />Mountains and uplands separate groups of people.<br />Make it difficult for people, goods and ideas to move easily from place to place (ex: languages).<br />Also affect climate (ex: Alps blocking north wind into Italy).<br />
  7. 7. Mountain Chains<br />Alps: France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and northern Balkan Peninsula<br />Pyrenees: separate Spain from France<br />Apennine Mtns: like a spine down Italy<br />Balkan Mtns: cut off Balkan Peninsula from rest of Europe<br />
  8. 8. UPLANDS(not mountains!)<br />
  9. 9. Uplands are hills or very low mountains that may also contain mesas or plateaus.<br />Kjølen Mountains: Scandinavia<br />Scottish Highlands<br />Meseta: plateau in Spain<br />Massif Central: French uplands<br />
  10. 10. Fertile Plains: Amber Waves of Grain<br />Northern European Plain<br />One of the most fertile regions in world<br />Huge! France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, and Poland<br />Great for farming!<br />Great for invaders attacking Europe!<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Europe’s Natural Resources<br /><ul><li>Coal & Iron (needed for industrial economy to make steel)
  13. 13. Oil and natural gas from North Sea
  14. 14. Agricultural land (33% of Europe is suitable for farming)
  15. 15. Timber
  16. 16. Peat</li></li></ul><li>Resources Shape Life!<br />Food, jobs, houses, even culture (ex: traditional European folk tales)<br />Distribution of resources creates regional differences (ex: peat used as fuel in Ireland instead of coal; tradition of coal miners in Poland)<br />
  17. 17. Climate and Vegetation<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Most of Europe : Marine West Coast<br />Warm summer, cool winters<br />North Atlantic Drift – warm water flow from tropics flows near Europe’s west coast <br />Prevailing Westerlies pick up warmth from this current and carry it over Europe (Also carry moisture providing adequate rainfall)<br />Crops, such as grain and potatoes<br />
  20. 20. North Atlantic Drift<br />
  21. 21. Inland : Humid Continental<br />More severe weather changes<br />Cold, snowy winters<br />Warm or hot summers<br />Adequate rainfall<br />Sweden<br />
  22. 22. Mediterranean Coast: Mediterranean<br />Hot dry summers, mild wet winters<br />Winds<br />Mistral- cold, dry, north wind (received by France in winter) there are no mountains to block this wind<br />
  23. 23. Winds-<br />Sirocco- hot, steady, southern wind from Africa into southern Europe<br />Citrus fruits, olives, grapes<br />tourism<br />Mediterranean Coast: Mediterranean<br />
  24. 24. Arctic Circle : Tundra<br />Winters- long hours of darkness<br />Summers- long days<br />Inside the circle- Land of the Midnight Sun<br />
  25. 25. Human-Environment Interaction<br />Complete the Concept definition map by using pgs 282-285 in your text book<br />

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