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  • This is the first step in the view of a Pan-European dietary survey
  • Eating

    1. 1. “What’s on the Menu in Europe” (EU Menu)Pan-European food consumption surveySynergisms with health related EU activities?<br /> Liisa Valsta & Caroline Merten<br />Data Collection and Exposure Unit<br />
    2. 2. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Data Collection and Exposure<br />We work from farm to fork ………<br />…… harmful to beneficial…..<br />…… combined into exposure<br />2<br />
    3. 3. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Current support<br />3<br />
    4. 4. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Food consumption - EUMENU<br />Hazard<br />Identification<br />Hazard<br />Characterisation<br />Chemical or microbiological Occurrence<br />Exposure<br />Food <br />Consumption<br />Assessment<br />Risk<br />Characterisation<br />4<br />
    5. 5. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Data at individual level needed<br />Consumption data<br />Representative for EU<br />Capturing regional differences<br />Acute (at one meal) and chronic exposure<br />Vulnerable groups<br />Special diets<br />Pregnant women<br />Children<br />High consumers<br />Ethnic diets<br />Big eaters<br />“Unusual habits”<br />January 2010<br />5<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />
    6. 6. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Food description<br />Different types of information may be needed based on the different agents and chemical substances under evaluation.<br />In general:<br /><ul><li>Foods consumed must be described, as much as possible, in detail.
    7. 7. Composite foods and recipes must be disaggregated into their main components.
    8. 8. Additional information e.g. cooking method, processing etc.</li></ul>White breadfromwheat<br />Tomatoes<br />Ham, pork<br />Cheese, Cheddar<br />6<br />6<br />
    9. 9. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />What’s on the Menu in Europe? (EU Menu)<br />January 2010<br />7<br />Standardised, detailed consumption data at the individual level would benefit many:<br /><ul><li>Food safety risk assessors improving predictive accuracy
    10. 10. Food safety risk managers in making better targeted decisions, better legislation
    11. 11. High quality risk communication for better consumer awareness
    12. 12. In nutrition monitoring and public health policy development curbing life style diseases
    13. 13. Industry in reducing compliance costs with possibly less conservative estimates
    14. 14. Consumers in providing appropriate protection</li></ul>DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />
    15. 15. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Scientific Committee<br />In 2005 the Scientific Committee suggested the establishment of a harmonised food consumption database in the EU<br />It also recommended that EFSA should contribute to the development of a European framework for the harmonisation of food consumption data in the EU and make these data publicly accessible<br />January 2010<br />8<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />
    16. 16. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Food consumption surveys in Europe<br /><ul><li>Concise European Food Consumption db (2008)
    17. 17. data from 19 European countries
    18. 18. data in 15 only main food categories (29 sub-categories)
    19. 19. screening tool for preliminary exposure assessment
    20. 20. Comprehensive database adults (2008-2010)
    21. 21. most recent data from 20 Member States
    22. 22. data for food described at the most disaggregate level available
    23. 23. representative consumption at national level for adults
    24. 24. detailed individual level by 24 h recall or dietary record
    25. 25. Comprehensive database children
    26. 26. most recent data from 13 Member States
    27. 27. data for food described at the most disaggregate level available
    28. 28. representative consumption at national level for children
    29. 29. at detailed individual level by 24 h recall or dietary record</li></ul>9<br />
    30. 30. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Some international initiatives<br />USA has a rolling program on dietary habits called the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) that started in the 1960s<br />In recognition of a critical need for information about the nutrition of Canadians, a survey was undertaken during 2004<br />The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), an ongoing international collaboration, examines the effects of policies and programs on health and nutritional status<br />The annual National Nutrition Survey in Japan has played an important role by monitoring nutrition and health status of the Japanese since 1940s<br />January 2010<br />10<br />
    31. 31. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />EFSA Guidance published 2009<br />Discussed and endorsed by the Expert group on food consumption data in mid October 2009<br />EFSA Guidance published on 18.12.2009 ( EFSA Journal)<br />January 2010<br />11<br /><ul><li>Standardised methodology
    32. 32. Sample selection
    33. 33. Survey tool
    34. 34. Recipe calculations
    35. 35. Food frequency
    36. 36. Data validation
    37. 37. Data interpolation</li></ul>DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />
    38. 38. Collaborating organisations<br />January 2010<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />12<br />
    39. 39. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br /> Countries selected in:<br /><ul><li>different geographical areas to immediately have a good coverage of consumption patterns across Europe (macro areas to be identified)
    40. 40. children and adults</li></ul>January 2010<br />13<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />The pan-European survey plan<br />(x= local preparatory/piloting phase in the Member States)<br />
    41. 41. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />In short …<br />Survey of 80,000 people in total<br />All food and beverage consumption on 2 non-consecutive days + FPQ allowing modelling of intake distributions<br />Anthropometric measurements (e.g. measured w&h)<br />In 27 Member States <br />Using the EPIC soft software that has been developed and tested through the EU funded projects EFCOSUM and EFCOVAL and a FPQ approach tested in the IDAMES project<br />Timeframe ~8-10 years including projectplanning and completion<br />January 2010<br />14<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />
    42. 42. DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />Thank you<br />Cooperation with Member States <br />(national dietary surveys)<br />and health related EU actions<br />Harmonised approach<br />January 2010<br />15<br />DG SANCO Luxembourg<br />