Decentralized Civilizations: Western Europe and Japan 600-1450


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Decentralized Civilizations: Western Europe and Japan 600-1450

  1. 1. Decentralized Civilizations: Western Europe and Japan 600-1450<br />Mr. Ornstein<br />Willow Canyon High School<br />AP World History<br />
  2. 2. Answer<br />How is Centralized Power different from De-Centralized Power?<br />
  3. 3. Decentralized Power<br />Power is spread out<br />Many weaker leaders vs. one strong ruler or party<br />No One Ruler<br />Conflicts for Power<br />Potential for more Chaos<br />
  4. 4. Feudalism<br />Feudalism was Decentralized Power.<br />How does Feudalism work?<br />What event ended Feudalism in Western Europe?<br />
  5. 5. Feudalism<br />Political and Economic system with hierarchy and based on land, loyalty and protection.<br />Used in Japan and Western Europe.<br />
  6. 6. Charlemagne<br />Attempts to Bring Back Centralized Power to Western Europe.<br />Rules Empire that included France, Spain, and parts of Italy and Germany<br />Empire Falls apart After Death<br />
  7. 7. Feudalism Ends in Western Europe<br />Crusades<br />Black Death<br />100 Years War between England and France<br />
  8. 8. Japan<br />Archipelago- A group of Islands<br />85% Mountains<br />Lack of Resources and Living Space<br />
  9. 9. 2 Problems Japan Has Always Had<br />1. Lack of Natural Resources<br />2. Lack of living space<br />
  10. 10. Early Japan<br />Early Japan was influenced by Chinese Culture<br />Korea was the cultural bridge between China and Japan<br />
  11. 11. Japanese Emperor<br />Emperor was the traditional ruler of Japan.<br />Religious and Political Ruler<br />Kyoto was Capital<br />
  12. 12. Emperor Loses Power and Japan Becomes Feudal<br />9th and 10th Century Emperor loses power to more decentralized feudal warlords and military generals.<br />Rise of Daimyo and Samurai<br />
  13. 13. Japanese Feudalism<br />Shogun-Military Ruler<br />Daimyo-Land owner/Noble<br />Samurai-Warrior<br />Peasant<br />Merchants<br />
  14. 14. Japanese Feudalism<br />Shogun<br />Daimyo<br />Samurai<br />Peasant<br />Merchant<br />European Feudalism<br />Monarch<br />Noble<br />Knight<br />Peasant<br />
  15. 15. Shogun<br />Military General of Head Daimyo of Japan<br />Faked Loyalty to Emperor but really controlled Emperor<br />
  16. 16. Bushido Code<br />Honor Code for Samurai<br />Like Chivalry for European Knight<br />
  17. 17. Minamoto Yoritomo<br />1st Shogun of Japan<br />1180<br />Minamoto family brought stability to Japan.<br />
  18. 18. Sengoku/Warring States Period<br />1300-1600<br />Minamoto family loses control of Shogunate<br />Time of chaos and war in Japan as rival Daimyo fight to become new Shogun.<br />Japan is no longer unified but is ruled by various Daimyo.<br />Constant Fighting and violence<br />
  19. 19. Japan and Europe under Feudalism<br />Decentralized power.<br />Fighting and chaos<br />Disunity<br />Charlemagne and Minamoto Yoritomo tried to bring Central Authority Back<br />Warrior Honor Codes<br />
  20. 20. Answer:<br />Draw the Japanese Feudal Hierarchy:<br />How were feudal times similar in both Japan and Western Europe?<br />Who is the traditional ruler of Japan?<br />What are 2 problems Japan has always had?<br />