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Presentation4

  1. 1. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Presented by Ambati R. Abhay Kumar, B.Arch(V) Australian High Commission in New Delhi
  2. 2. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar •Concept •Zoning •Security Zoning •Circulation pattern •Design •Landscaping •Construction •BCA, DDA compliance •Air-conditioning & Energy efficiency CONTENT of presentationSCOPE OF THESIS •Design of Purpose built Chancery Facility •Design of new Car parking •Design of 5 town houses •Design of clubhouse •Design of recreational facility •Design of advanced security features
  3. 3. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar SITE ANALYSIS •Category 1 structure •Functions of the Chancery Image, policy, DDA/BCA compliance, facility •Necessity of the Building cost benefit ratio, lifecycle costs, security concerns •Options considered Refurbishment, extension, ‘do- nothing option’
  4. 4. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar SITE Si t e
  5. 5. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar SITE
  6. 6. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT
  7. 7. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT Concept based on •Function •User The central pathway acts as binder
  8. 8. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT •It destroys the form and structure to remove the impurities hidden within them. •It advocates the application of Disruption, Dismantling, Deformation, Distortion and NOT Demolition, Dismantling, Disintegration and Decomposition •To erase all kinds of historical relationships of the form of the building Distortion of grids Exposing of construction systems Slanting walls Bold columns Intersecting planes Visual distortion Exposed materials etc. Intra pure form conflict, NOT inter pure form conflict. Method Deconstruction
  9. 9. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT
  10. 10. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT Derivations from Aboriginal architecture of Australia, for the design of Clubhouse
  11. 11. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONCEPT Design elements based on Jaisalmer style
  12. 12. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar ZONING
  13. 13. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar SECURITY PLANNING Secur i t y LEVEL 1 •Perimeter lighting •Restricted landscaping •Cryptographic interfaced communication systems •Intruder & explosive resistant material •Ultrasonic intruder alarm LEVEL 2 •900mm Diapragm wall •Counter fort wall (protective wall) •Manned access control system •Card access control system •DFMD (50 ppm ) •Baggage scanner (27mm metal plate penetration, image threat protection) LEVEL 3 •Open architect security integration system (OASIS) •CCTV, Cameras (PTZF) •Ballistics protection •Containment measures
  14. 14. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Secur i t y SECURITY PLANNING
  15. 15. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar SECURITY PLANNING
  16. 16. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CIRCULATION
  17. 17. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Entrance view (North side) DESIGN
  18. 18. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Birds eye view (North side) Birds eye view (East side) DESIGN
  19. 19. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar view (South side) view (South-western side) DESIGN
  20. 20. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar view from panchsheel marg DESIGN
  21. 21. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar view from Chancery entrance DESIGN
  22. 22. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar view of south glazing DESIGN
  23. 23. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar view of internal court DESIGN
  24. 24. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Sciography on actual model DESIGN Late noon Early noon
  25. 25. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Sciography on actual model DESIGN Morning hours Central court during noon
  26. 26. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Sciography on actual model DESIGN Chancery in Normal ambient lighting North face of townhouse in noon hours South face of townhouse in Noon hours
  27. 27. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Mat er i al Material finishes for each zone of the Chancery block Ground floor plan of Chancery DESIGN
  28. 28. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Speci f i cat i ons External flooring of Chancery/Clubhouse •Slate finish vitrified tiles, Shot blasted, I-Type inter-lock pavers Wall finish •R.C.C betons •Glossy white ceramic tiles at Entrance Lighting •Color-21 for conference, library only. All other spaces shall have cool daylight. (Osram-11) •Illumination levels- 200 (public zone), 350-400(office zone) Fire Fighting •Manual call box, Heat detector, Optical detector •Fire compartmentalization using- Fire check doors( with electromagnetic door co-ordinator), water curtains, pressurized lift cores •Sprinklers, wet risers, CO2 flooding system, handheld extinguishers DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
  29. 29. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Cal cul at i ons Chancery block: •Total volume (GF): 8800m3 •Tonnage: 192 TR •Wet riser shafts: 1 shaft for every 1100sqm. •DG sets shall be acoustically insulated. Noise limit of 70 dB High commission: •Total built-up area: 12.7% of the site •Smoke and roof extractor shall have 20 air changes (parking) •Chancery blocks shall have air changes between 1.5-2.0/hour SERVICES
  30. 30. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar LANDSCAPING Landscapi ng Delonix regia, Gulmohar Plumeria obtuse, Pagoda Magnolia grandiflora, Champa Hibiscus sinensis, Gudel Terminalia arjuna, Arjun Ficus religiosa, Peepal Cestrum nocturnum Bauhinia tomentosa, Kachnar Jasminum grandiflorum
  31. 31. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar CONSTRUCTION Structural analysis done on STAAD Pro Results: •Column size reduced from 70cm to 50cm •Percentage of steel is between 0.81% to 1.5% in columns and beams •Seismic load 55% of actual loads Diaphragm wall It shall be 900mm thick with waterproofed floor slab
  32. 32. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar DDA & BCA COMPLIANCE Codes & st andar ds •Barrier free space to be provided- from allotted boundary to doorway, and to car parking space •Maximum area of ordinary fully framed glass of 8mm thickness shall be 11 sqm and 0.5 sqm for glazed doors •For stairs 2R+T<= 70 cms; non-skid surface for tread is a must •All external walls within 1.8mt of another building shall have fire resistant surface from footing onwards •Building should comply with 4-star energy rating in order to be termed energy efficient •Minimum R-value of roof and external wall shall be between 3.0-1.7 (zone-4) •Maximum %age of total glazing area to total floor area shall be 33%
  33. 33. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar DDA & BCA COMPLIANCE
  34. 34. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar AIR CONDITIONING Type- Variable Air Volume (VAV) systems Ventilation- displacement method in recreational area and residences Energy efficiency achieved through Radiant cooling method and double skin insulation Ducting (branched) is of rectangular GI sheets above false ceiling Grills designed for blow of 15 mpm Radiant cooling applied using panel system (sandwich system)
  35. 35. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Thank You
  36. 36. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION •Building linkages for the High Commission •Chancery space linkages •Administrative section (detailed) •Circulation for Auditorium •Circulation for Library
  37. 37. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION
  38. 38. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION
  39. 39. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION
  40. 40. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION
  41. 41. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Embassy of Finland, India The winter art of the Wind
  42. 42. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Client: The State of Finland (National Building Board) Architects: Raili and Reima Pietila Interior design: Antti Nurmesniemi Structural engineer: Heimo Kakko & Co. Ceramic bas-relief: Rut Bryk Landscape design: Maj- Lis Rosenbroijer Main contractors: Bhayana builders Ltd. Embassy of Finland, India
  43. 43. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Gross floor area: 5200 Sqm Embassy of Finland, India Set next to Imperialistic American, Russian and Pakistani High commission
  44. 44. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Embassy of Finland, India Approval: Competition entry in the year 1963.
  45. 45. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Completion: 1983-86 Embassy of Finland, India
  46. 46. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar •Located in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. The embassy of America, Sweden, Switzerland surrounds the site. •The structure is built on a 12-acre land. Embassy of Finland, India Si t e
  47. 47. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The 4278 Sqm is composed of six built structures; •The Ambassador’s residence and reception area, the chancery and the guard entrance as well as housing for both the Finnish and the Indian staff. Embassy of Finland, India Si t e
  48. 48. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Site: The site is located in the international diplomatic quarters of New Delhi, an eclectic urban environment where all kinds of national styles are represented. Embassy of Finland, India Si t e
  49. 49. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Philosophy: Design based on-“a portrait of Finland abroad”. Embassy of Finland, India Phi l osophy
  50. 50. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The building is grouped around an interior quadrangle that functions as the heart of the scheme, like the Finnish ‘piha’ or the Indian ‘pol’. Embassy of Finland, India Concept
  51. 51. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The architects did not oblige to regionalistic styles, instead adopted an internationalist approach called ‘nature- architecture’, practiced in arctic countries with cold winters and landscape of snow and ice. Embassy of Finland, India Concept
  52. 52. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Design concept: Consideration to the wind modeled snow on Finnish ice fields and Himalayan mountains. The aerial images of Finnish archipelago, country’s sand ridges of the glacial period. Reflections of the concept: Peculiar, undulating roof structure, folded concrete roof slab. Embassy of Finland, India Concept Ambassador’s residence- elevations
  53. 53. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Form: The building is a ‘geo-morphological replica’ of Finland’s natural wintry environment. Embassy of Finland, India For m Ambassador’s residence- elevations
  54. 54. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Meaning-Function of roof shapes: Practical shelter and protection from heat, wind, rains (monsoons), and generation of architectural metaphor of the Finish landscape and its wind sculpted snow. Embassy of Finland, India For m
  55. 55. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar •Architectural style is primarily monumental with distorted geometry governing the plan and elevation treatment. •Sensuous style achieved. •Organic style is predominant, if one understands the design process of the architect. Embassy of Finland, India St yl e Equipment centre and A/C plant
  56. 56. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Construction & Design: Windows on the street side are basically clerestory, but on the interiors they run down till the floor level. Interior walls vary in construction. Spaces are separated by fragile screen of slat work, part wood and part glass. Teak works are exposed for texture. Air conditioning vents are concealed beneath painted wooden soffits. Embassy of Finland, India Desi gn
  57. 57. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The Finnish staff quarters are segregated from the Indian ones through hedges. The Indians have a separated entrance opening towards the back street. Embassy of Finland, India Desi gn Equipment centre and A/C plant
  58. 58. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Drawbacks: Though embassy of Finland is a joyful and sensuous work, it has been the least energy conscious in its designs. Teak has been used indiscriminately and whole quarries of sandstone have been excavated for cladding purposes Embassy of Finland, India Dr awbacks
  59. 59. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Conclusion: In the words of the Architect, “We need another concept of creativity: one that is less greedy for power, that accepts the peaceful co-existence of nature, integrates our cultural plurality, deepens it, preserves the world’s cultural past”. Embassy of Finland, India Concl usi on
  60. 60. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Analysis Finnish embassy in Delhi Belgian embassy in Delhi French embassy in Muscat American embassy in Delhi (control) 1.Archite ct 2.Parking Designed by Raili and Reima Pietila (Finnish) Separate: Staff+Ambass ador(10-15) Chancery(6) By Satish Gujral(Indian) Single parking for embassy staff only By Architectural studio, France Not known By Edward D. Stone (American) Separate: Near entrances of chancery and ambassador's residence
  61. 61. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Finnish embassy in Delhi Belgian embassy in Delhi French embassy in Muscat American embassy in Delhi 3. Design criteria To portray Finnish architectural style To promote Indo-Belgian cultural relations Contemporary representation of Arabic traditions Symbol of Indo-U.S friendship 4. Landscapin g elements Weak, non- effective, non- participative Provides privacy, shade. It is participative. Use of sheath of water and traditional mashrabiyyah Water bodies, trees, shrubs, hedges & Lawns Analysis
  62. 62. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Analysis Finnish embassy in Delhi Belgian embassy in Delhi French embassy in Muscat American embassy in Delhi 5.Water supply Reverse osmosis plant+tank Municipal water line Not known Municipal water+own tank 6. Electricity Main line+ generator Main line+ generator Not known Main line+ generator
  63. 63. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Analysis Finnish embassy in Delhi Belgian embassy in Delhi French embassy in Muscat American embassy in Delhi 7. Movement Main entry+ adjoining entries for staff+chancer y Main entry+ separate entries for staff+chancery Main entry+ separate entries for staff+chancery Separate entries for chancery, ambassador, residences, and staff qtrs. 8.Plot Area 2.4Hac 2.0Hac 1.5Hac 4.05Hac
  64. 64. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Finnish embassy in Delhi Belgian embassy in Delhi French embassy in Muscat American embassy in Delhi 9. Built up area 5200 Sqm 4000Sqm 4600Sqm 10935Sqm 10.%age coverage 21.67% 20.0% 30.1% 27.0% Analysis
  65. 65. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Pr oj ect dat a •Clients: Government of Belgium. •Designer and Architect: Satish Gujral of Design Plus group. •Site area: 5 Acres or 2 Hac(approx) •Covered area: 4000Sqm. •Construction period: 1980-83 •Cost: US$2 million Belgian embassy, New Delhi
  66. 66. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi Objective: The project constitutes the Chancery block, the Ambassador’s residence, and servant’s quarters. Later additions were the Chancellor’s residence in the east-west axis and the sunken tennis courts. Obj ect i ve
  67. 67. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi Concept: Organic design methodology according to the Architect. It implies as logical and natural growth, a harmony with the structure and a sense of belonging in the built masses. Concept
  68. 68. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi Desi gn Design: Requirements from the client were few. •The built forms were integrated with the use of passages and landscape. •Land made contoured using mechanical means. •Material kept indigenous & exposed for an organic feel.
  69. 69. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi View of the Grand lounge
  70. 70. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi View of grand lounge from verandah at Mezzanine level Section of Chancery block
  71. 71. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi View of the Family dining area Living area
  72. 72. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi View of Entrance hall View of the Guest dining hall
  73. 73. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi Section- Ambassador’s residence •The service areas placed in at basement level with clerestory for ventilation •The ground level raised by 0.5 mts for aesthetic purposes
  74. 74. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Belgian embassy, New Delhi Plan of Chancery block
  75. 75. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Location: Diplomatic city, Khouwair, Oman Client: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France Won the Aga Khan award for architecture, 1992 French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Architect: Architecture studio, Paris, France
  76. 76. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Program: The complex is composed of- staff apartments, embassy building (the chancery), ambassador’s residence and landscaping elements French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Pr ogr am Ambassador’s residence Chancery building Staff apartments
  77. 77. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar •Design: 1986-89 •Construction: 1988-89 •Occupancy: August 89 •Site area: 12600 Sqm •Ground floor: 6440 Sqm •Total Floor: 4560 Sqm French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Si t e
  78. 78. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Site: The plot area for all the nations is 180X80 mts, despite disparate requirements of respective embassies. The access road runs on only one side of the plot facing the sea side. The site has a slight fall of 1% towards the sea. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Si t e
  79. 79. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The original embassy for the French republic has historical and architectural significance. Hence, the embassy had to be relocated in a new diplomatic enclave, 30 kilometers west of the city of Muscat. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Pr ogr am
  80. 80. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Climate: The climate offers incessant sunshine with little shadow. Temperatures frequently rise to 45 deg Centigrade. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Cl i mat e
  81. 81. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Concept: Traditional motifs have been used all over in a regulatory manner. The courtyard, water, sun are key elements for forming the composition. The esoteric use of pergola to form a horizontal Mashrabiyya is powerful and contemporary adaptation of traditional architectural elements French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Concept
  82. 82. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar Design: The structure is covered by giant pergola, supported on 4.5X4.5 m analogous to the traditional Mashrabiyya. The slope of the pergola is 3%. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Desi gn
  83. 83. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar The slope generates a sense of false perspective. 200 support columns are placed at 90 deg to the Mashrabiyya. The pergola visually links and unifies various functional units of the building. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Desi gn Side elevation of the embassy. Model of the building
  84. 84. Presented by A.R Abhay Kumar •Fountains are placed along the circulation axis. •The Mashrabiyya is covered by series of small domes with circular perforations. French Embassy, Muscat, Oman. Desi gn

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