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NEW ZEALAND




    IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   1
COUNTRY PRESENTATION
   NEW ZEALAND




           PRESENTED BY: -
                           AMIT KUMAR
                           RAMEES
                           SHILPA
                           SHANGAR.C
                           WASEEM AKRAM
      IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)             2
History

 Abel Janszoon Tasman on 13th Dec,1642.
 visited by explorers and sailors, missionaries,
  traders and adventurers
 European -1800s, causing strife and warfare.
 1830s European settlers
 land was purchased and taken from the local
  tribes.



                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)       3
Overview

•   Capital – Wellington
•   Largest city – Auckland
•   Language – English, Maori, sign
•   Government – Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
•   Monarch – Elizabeth II
•   Governor General – Sir Jerry Mateparae
•   Prime Minister – John Key




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)            4
Contd.,
• Ethnic Groups - European (70%)
                      Maori (15%)
                      Asian (9.2%)
                      Pacific People (6.9%)
• Area – 2,70,550 km2
• Population -3.9
• Game – Rugby
• Dependent on natural resources- soil, water, and
  plants.
• Agricultural, pastoral farming, renewable forestry
  and tourism.


                        IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)             5
Climate

Winter                           Spring
(1`-16`)                        (6`-19`)



                                Summer
Autumn
                                  (10’-
(6`-20`)
                                  24`)
           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)              6
Tourism

 182,000 persons are employed (9.6%)
 2.5 million international travellers visited
 NZ received total funding of $99 million.
 Digital channels are providing the best
  platform
 They are attract high value visitors



                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   7
International Visitors

         Country                         2009                        2010
Australia                  1,082,680                     1,119,879
United Kingdom             258,438                       234,314
United States              197,792                       189,709
China, People's Republic of 102,259                      122,712
Japan                      78,426                        87,735
South Korea                52,921                        67,309
Germany                    64,564                        64,648
Canada                     48,656                        48,942
Singapore                  29,582                        30,300
India                      25,336                        29,486
All other countries        398,428                       406,698
Total                      2,458,382                     2,525,044
                                    IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                      8
NORTH ISLAND




    IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   9
Te Ika-a- Māu




IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   10
• GDP :- US$102.863 billion , 79% of New Zealand GDP

• Approximately 76% of New Zealand's population lives in
  the North Island.

• 12 cities are in North Island



                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)         11
Spectacular Natural Wonders in
  New Zealand’s North Island




             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   12
Hidden Valley (Orakei Korako)

• The land of colorful silica terraces
  and geysers


• Place of Adorning




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   13
Use this canoe to cross the
                              Ohakuri Lake to reach the
                              Hidden Valley




Fault scarp of the silica
terraces, formed 131 AD by a
massive earthquake
                     IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                     14
Waitomo Glowworm Caves

• It is the home of many underground caves in the
  location



• the most famous feature
  of the Waitomo caves is
  the glowworms!




                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)      15
Huka Falls
• Adventurous jet boat rides are available if you want to admire the
  falls from below.




                               IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                  16
Auckland Sky Tower


• It is an Observation and
  Telecommunication Tower

• The tallest tower
  (freestanding structure) in
  the Southern Hemisphere




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   17
Parliament




   IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   18
Government


• Queen Elizabeth II

• Government based on west minister system

• Head of government is prime minister

• Queen plays only a formal role in the executive



                       IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)           19
New Zealand Museum (Te Papa Tongarewa)


• world of unique and authentic
  treasures and stories are
  found inside


• museum take you on a tour of
  New Zealand's nature, art,
  history and heritage including
  the culture and wildlife.

                          IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   20
SOUTH ISLAND




    IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   21
IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   22
GEOGRAPHY

• Location- Oceanic
• Area- 1,51,215km2
• Length- 840km
• Highest Elevation- 3754m
• Highest Point- Aoraki/Mount Cook
• Regions- 7
• Territorial Authority- 23
• Largest City- Christchurch
                              IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   23
DEMOGRAPHICS

• Demonym- South Islander

• Population- 1,038,400

             (As of June 2011)

• Density- 6.9/km2

• Ethnic Group- European, Maori




                          IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   24
TOURISM


• Tourism is a huge export earner for the South Island. Popular
  tourist activities in include

 sightseeing,

 Adventure tourism,

 Tramping (hiking) and camping.



                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   25
TOURIST PLACE
•   Canterbury (North)
•   Canterbury (South)
•   Christchurch
•   Otago
•   Fiordland
•   Marlborough
•   Nelson
•   Tasman
•   Queenstown
•   Southland
•   Wanaka
•   West Coast (North)
•   West Coast (South)   IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   26
• Benmore Dam is the
  largest of eight dams
  within the Waitaki power
  scheme and was
  commissioned in 1965




                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   27
The Canterbury Provincial
Council Building.




                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   28
• One of Nelson's beaches
  during a kite surfing
  competition.




                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   29
• Paragliding over Nelson,
  South Island




                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   30
• Abel Tasman
  National Park




                  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   31
• Glacier




            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   32
• And on a beach, far, far
  away, giant exploded
  footballs




                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   33
WINE
• We‘re world famous for
  our Sauvignon Blanc,
  the best in the world




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   34
WATER
• Get lost in the Sounds,
  a spectacular maze of
  coves, islands, and
  peninsulas.




                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   35
WILDERNESS
• Walk or bike the
  legendary Queen
  Charlotte Track.




                     IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   36
FESTIVAL




  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   37
Picton Maritime Festival – 21st January




                  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)      38
Blue, Brews and BBQ ‗s – 4th February




                IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)      39
The Marlborough Wine Festival – 11th February




                   IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)           40
MUSEUM




 IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   41
HOTEL




IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   42
WHEN TO GO




  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   43
• The New Zealand summer (November through February) is
  the best time to visit the South Island—especially if you want
  to swim, sun, and boat on the north coast.

• Temperatures during these months can get into the mid-70s
  during the day.

• The one downside to traveling here during December and
  January is that schools are on break, so you'll be sharing the
  sights and hotels with lots of vacationing Kiwis.


                              IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   44
TOURIST INFORMATION


• www.newzealand.com

• www.newzealand.com/travel/i-sites/i-sites_home.cfm

• www.queenstown-vacation.com

• www.nelsonnz.com

• www.destinationmarlborough.com



                       IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)              45
MAORI CULTURE
      &
  HISTORY




    IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   46
HISTORY
• 10th Century A.D. - 1st people to discover New Zealand were
  from Eastern Polynesia.

• Canoe Voyages brought people from Hawaiki – ―ancestral
  homeland‖ to NZ over 100 years and they became the Maori
  tribes.

• Canoes and their names were important in determining
  Maori‘s geological history.



                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   47
HISTORY
• 10th Century A.D. - 1st people to discover New Zealand were
  from Eastern Polynesia.

• Canoe Voyages brought people from Hawaiki – ―ancestral
  homeland‖ to NZ over 100 years and they became the Maori
  tribes.

• Canoes and their names were important in determining
  Maori‘s geological history.



                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   48
CONT….
• February 6, 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi was
  signed by over 500 Maori chiefs.
     • Became a British colony
     • Agreed that Queen of England would have sovereignty
       over their land because they had no national government
       or form of laws
        – She would protect them and they still get to retain possession
          of their land
        However in the 1860‘s, land wars began to erupt because the
          Pākehā people ―white strangers‖ were trying to take their land.
        Led to the Maori King movement – protecting lands by uniting
          under a paramount chief.


                            IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                          49
MAORI MYTHOLOGY

• Until the 19th Century, Maori transferred history down the
  generations by word-of-mouth (Especially through song and
  dance)

• The Beginning – Nothingness and after nine nothingness's
  became the dawn. From the womb of the darkness came the
  Sky father and the Earth mother. They had 6 children: god of
  the winds, god of the forest, etc… They separated their
  parents and there became light. All the children were male so
  the sky father created a woman out of soil.



                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                  50
Maori Culture

• Means ordinary or usual. They call
  themselves ―people of the land‖
• Pastoralists – grow crops such as
  Kumara – sweet potato
• They are ruled by tribal chiefs
• Hierarchical society



                                                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maori




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                                        51
CULTURE
• Headed by chiefs, followed by priests, then by commoners,
  and then slaves. Ariki‘s are their leaders within their tribes -
  gain authority through genealogy and Rangatira are the
  aristocracy of their society and are the children of the Ariki.
  Usually male figures.

• The extended families lived together in huts grouped into
  villages anywhere from a few to 500 households. The families
  were sub tribes that are a part of a wider tribe which
  established their social structure. Each tribe had the same
  ancestor that came from Hawaiki on a certain canoe.

• This determined marriage, settlement patterns, and who fought
  whom.

                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                      52
WARFARE
• Intertribal warfare are essential parts of their culture.

• It was their way of gaining control of their land.

• After defeating a tribe, they either eat the defeated (ultimate
  insult) or they take the women and children to be their slaves.

• Their weapons consisted of long or short wooden clubs
  resembling spear, but are not thrown.




                              IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                    53
DAILY TASKS
• Men – prepare agricultural plots, fish
  in the open sea, dive for shellfish,
  only ones allowed to go to war, build
  canoes and tattoo and carve.
• Women – do the planting, bring food
  out to men when fishing, only ones
  allowed to cook, weave and make
  cloaks.
• The final say in family matters rested
  on the male head of the household.
• Delineation of responsibility was
  ruled by the complex laws of tapu
  (taboo)
• Boy children are taught to be warriors,
  girl children help their mothers with
  household chores.

                               IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   54
KEY VALUES OF THEIR CULTURE

• Spirituality – everyone has an active life force, soul and
  spirit, and personal spiritual prestige and power.
• Land – Mountains and rivers delineated tribal boundaries.
  Mountains were personified and became part of their social
  identity.
• Hospitality – People are the most important things in the
  world. Important part of Maori Society
• Ancestors – Proper reverence to ancestors is important.
  Genealogy has to be committed to memory
• Largely a collective society, not individualistic


                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                  55
MARAE- ANCESTRAL HOUSE
• Where Ancestral spirits live –
  sense of home
  Meeting house that is the link
  between sky father and earth
  mother.
• Visitors assemble outside
  gates and women call them to
  come in (do Karanga). All
  visitors are challenged by the
  male Maori making fierce
  faces and noises showing that
  they are ready for war.
  Visitors then show that they
  come in peace. Shoes have to
  be taken off and they give a
  gift.
• Bongi – traditional pressing of
  noses (mingles breath      IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   56
  showing unity)
DEATH
• A body should not be left on it‘s own after death. They place
  them on the marae where it can be watched over by their
  relatives until burial.

• They will leave the coffin open so they can touch and weep
  over the body in order to relieve emotional pain.

• The funeral speeches are made directly to the body because
  they believe that the spirit does not leave the body till burial

• Dead bodies of chiefs are left exposed on platforms until flesh
  rots and they take certain bones and clean them and paint them
  red and put them in a burial chest and placed in a cave or other
  sacred sites.


                             IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                      57
FOOD, CLOTHING AND ART
• Cook food in earth ovens – dig a pit with wood and stones on top – heat
  stones

• Maori delicacies – freshwater eels, mutton birds, and seafood
• Paper Mulberry plant is used for making tapacloth. This is what they make
  clothing with.

• Tattooing – Used for decoration – long painful process with a bone chisel
  and pigment rubbed on incision. Men are heavily tattooed – face, body,
  bottom, and thighs. Women‘s are confined to chin and lips and sometimes
  ankles and wrists.

• Song and Dance – Their dances are associated with war chants that
  preceded battle. Includes fierce shouting, flexing arm movements,
  thunderous stomping, big eyes, and sticking out of the tongue.

• Musical Instruments – 2 forms of flute (one you play with your mouth and
  one with your nose) and also a trumpet (shell with a wooden mouthpiece.
  Used no drums just rhythmic stomping
                                IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                            58
REFERENCES
Hanna, N. (1999). Fodor’s Exploring New Zealand. New York: The        Automobile
Association.
Harding, P. (2002). New Zealand. Melbourne: Lonely Planet Publications.

Māori: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2005, October 18). Retrieved
        October 13, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C4%81ori

Roselynn, S. (1998). Cultures of the World: New Zealand. New York: Times
Editions Pre Ltd.
Royal, T. A. C.(2005, July 11). 'Māori' Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New
         Zealand. Retrieved October 13, 2005, from
         http://www.teara.govt.nz/NewZealandInBrief/Maori/en



                                  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                        59
The Maori are the native inhabitants of New Zealand and are of Polynesian origin
numbering over 500,000 today. This is about 15% of New Zealand's population. Over
95 percent of Maori live on New Zealand's North Island.
Evidence suggests that the Maori originally immigrated to New Zealand probably
around 1200 AD from the Cook Islands, Society Islands, and Marquesas Islands in the
Pacific Ocean. According to Maori legend, their ancestors set out together from a place
in Polynesia in a fleet of large canoes. Before the arrival of European colonists in the
late 18th century, the Maori had settled throughout New Zealand.
In 1841 New Zealand officially became a colony of Britain. Many European
settlements were established and between 1843 and 1872 violent conflicts between the
Maori and European colonizers, known as the New Zealand Wars took place.
                         formation
After the New Zealand Wars, some Maori lands were confiscated illegally and during
this time the Maori population declined rapidly as a result of the wars and European
diseases.
Today the Maori have generally adjusted well to western culture and the population has
increased substantially. Since 1980 the Waitangi Tribunal, a government body
established to settle legal claims based on the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi, have engaged in
recompensing Maori for land that was illegally confiscated.

                                      IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                         60
IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   61
ECONOMY
   &
BUSINESS


  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   62
New Zealand Economy Profile
GDP:
Official Exchange Rate: 2.1013 NZD over this period ( 3rd Jan 2012).
Growth rate: 0.8 %
Labour force by occupation:
•Agriculture: 7%
•Industry: 19%
•Services: 74% (2006 est.)
Investment (gross fixed)
19.5% of GDP (2010 est.)
Budget:
Revenues: $54.82 billion
Expéditeurs: $62.3 billion (2010 est.)
                                   IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                  63
New Zealand Economy Profile

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.3% (2010 est.)
2.1% (2009 est.)
Central bank discount rate:
2.5% (31 December 2009)
5% (31 December 2008)




                           IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   64
Top 10 Companies in New Zealand
                                             Aug 2007         Nov 2008
      Name               Code              Capitalisation   Capitalisation
                                           (NZD million)    (NZD million)
Auckland Airport Ltd     AIA                         1873        1062
Air New Zealand Ltd      AIR                         506         223
      AMP Ltd            AMP                         513         247
  Australia & New
      Zealand
                         ANZ                         708         317
Banking Limited (ANZ
 National Bank Ltd)
 APN News & Media
                         APN                         920         585
         Ltd
      AMP Ltd
                         APT                         522         785
   NZ Office Trust
BIL International Ltd    BRY                          62          -
 Caliver Corporation
                         CAV                         124          66
         Ltd
 Contact Energy Ltd      CEN                         1957        1014
   Ebos Group Ltd        EBO                         172         193
                                IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                           65
Government Policy on FDI
•Foreign investment into New Zealand is encouraged, however
sensitive assets are protected by the Overseas Investment Act 2005.
•Overseas Investment Office consent is required for the acquisition of
significant business assets (exceeding $100 million), sensitive land
(non-urban land of more than 5 hectares, offshore islands, land
adjacent to lakes and the foreshore, or land of conservational or
historical significance) and fishing quotas




                               IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                 66
Hospitality Industry:

•More than 135,000 people work in the
hospitality industry in New Zealand


•Recession affects demand for staff in some
areas of hospitality


•Job opportunities in hospitality beginning to
improve                     IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   67
Entertainment: Film Industry
                              Peter Jackson




         IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                   68
Popular films

S. No           Movie                             Director

 1      The Adventures of Tintin               Steven Spielberg

 2              Avatar                         James Cameron

 3            10,000 BC                        Roland Emmerich

 4          X-men Origins                        Gavin Hood

 5          Lord of the Ring                    Peter Jackson




                          IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)                      69
THANK YOU




  IIPM SS 11-13 (A2)   70

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Country presentation

  • 1. NEW ZEALAND IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 1
  • 2. COUNTRY PRESENTATION NEW ZEALAND PRESENTED BY: - AMIT KUMAR RAMEES SHILPA SHANGAR.C WASEEM AKRAM IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 2
  • 3. History  Abel Janszoon Tasman on 13th Dec,1642.  visited by explorers and sailors, missionaries, traders and adventurers  European -1800s, causing strife and warfare.  1830s European settlers  land was purchased and taken from the local tribes. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 3
  • 4. Overview • Capital – Wellington • Largest city – Auckland • Language – English, Maori, sign • Government – Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy • Monarch – Elizabeth II • Governor General – Sir Jerry Mateparae • Prime Minister – John Key IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 4
  • 5. Contd., • Ethnic Groups - European (70%) Maori (15%) Asian (9.2%) Pacific People (6.9%) • Area – 2,70,550 km2 • Population -3.9 • Game – Rugby • Dependent on natural resources- soil, water, and plants. • Agricultural, pastoral farming, renewable forestry and tourism. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 5
  • 6. Climate Winter Spring (1`-16`) (6`-19`) Summer Autumn (10’- (6`-20`) 24`) IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 6
  • 7. Tourism  182,000 persons are employed (9.6%)  2.5 million international travellers visited  NZ received total funding of $99 million.  Digital channels are providing the best platform  They are attract high value visitors IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 7
  • 8. International Visitors Country 2009 2010 Australia 1,082,680 1,119,879 United Kingdom 258,438 234,314 United States 197,792 189,709 China, People's Republic of 102,259 122,712 Japan 78,426 87,735 South Korea 52,921 67,309 Germany 64,564 64,648 Canada 48,656 48,942 Singapore 29,582 30,300 India 25,336 29,486 All other countries 398,428 406,698 Total 2,458,382 2,525,044 IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 8
  • 9. NORTH ISLAND IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 9
  • 10. Te Ika-a- Māu IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 10
  • 11. • GDP :- US$102.863 billion , 79% of New Zealand GDP • Approximately 76% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island. • 12 cities are in North Island IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 11
  • 12. Spectacular Natural Wonders in New Zealand’s North Island IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 12
  • 13. Hidden Valley (Orakei Korako) • The land of colorful silica terraces and geysers • Place of Adorning IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 13
  • 14. Use this canoe to cross the Ohakuri Lake to reach the Hidden Valley Fault scarp of the silica terraces, formed 131 AD by a massive earthquake IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 14
  • 15. Waitomo Glowworm Caves • It is the home of many underground caves in the location • the most famous feature of the Waitomo caves is the glowworms! IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 15
  • 16. Huka Falls • Adventurous jet boat rides are available if you want to admire the falls from below. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 16
  • 17. Auckland Sky Tower • It is an Observation and Telecommunication Tower • The tallest tower (freestanding structure) in the Southern Hemisphere IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 17
  • 18. Parliament IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 18
  • 19. Government • Queen Elizabeth II • Government based on west minister system • Head of government is prime minister • Queen plays only a formal role in the executive IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 19
  • 20. New Zealand Museum (Te Papa Tongarewa) • world of unique and authentic treasures and stories are found inside • museum take you on a tour of New Zealand's nature, art, history and heritage including the culture and wildlife. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 20
  • 21. SOUTH ISLAND IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 21
  • 22. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 22
  • 23. GEOGRAPHY • Location- Oceanic • Area- 1,51,215km2 • Length- 840km • Highest Elevation- 3754m • Highest Point- Aoraki/Mount Cook • Regions- 7 • Territorial Authority- 23 • Largest City- Christchurch IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 23
  • 24. DEMOGRAPHICS • Demonym- South Islander • Population- 1,038,400 (As of June 2011) • Density- 6.9/km2 • Ethnic Group- European, Maori IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 24
  • 25. TOURISM • Tourism is a huge export earner for the South Island. Popular tourist activities in include  sightseeing,  Adventure tourism,  Tramping (hiking) and camping. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 25
  • 26. TOURIST PLACE • Canterbury (North) • Canterbury (South) • Christchurch • Otago • Fiordland • Marlborough • Nelson • Tasman • Queenstown • Southland • Wanaka • West Coast (North) • West Coast (South) IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 26
  • 27. • Benmore Dam is the largest of eight dams within the Waitaki power scheme and was commissioned in 1965 IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 27
  • 28. The Canterbury Provincial Council Building. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 28
  • 29. • One of Nelson's beaches during a kite surfing competition. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 29
  • 30. • Paragliding over Nelson, South Island IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 30
  • 31. • Abel Tasman National Park IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 31
  • 32. • Glacier IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 32
  • 33. • And on a beach, far, far away, giant exploded footballs IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 33
  • 34. WINE • We‘re world famous for our Sauvignon Blanc, the best in the world IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 34
  • 35. WATER • Get lost in the Sounds, a spectacular maze of coves, islands, and peninsulas. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 35
  • 36. WILDERNESS • Walk or bike the legendary Queen Charlotte Track. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 36
  • 37. FESTIVAL IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 37
  • 38. Picton Maritime Festival – 21st January IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 38
  • 39. Blue, Brews and BBQ ‗s – 4th February IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 39
  • 40. The Marlborough Wine Festival – 11th February IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 40
  • 41. MUSEUM IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 41
  • 43. WHEN TO GO IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 43
  • 44. • The New Zealand summer (November through February) is the best time to visit the South Island—especially if you want to swim, sun, and boat on the north coast. • Temperatures during these months can get into the mid-70s during the day. • The one downside to traveling here during December and January is that schools are on break, so you'll be sharing the sights and hotels with lots of vacationing Kiwis. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 44
  • 45. TOURIST INFORMATION • www.newzealand.com • www.newzealand.com/travel/i-sites/i-sites_home.cfm • www.queenstown-vacation.com • www.nelsonnz.com • www.destinationmarlborough.com IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 45
  • 46. MAORI CULTURE & HISTORY IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 46
  • 47. HISTORY • 10th Century A.D. - 1st people to discover New Zealand were from Eastern Polynesia. • Canoe Voyages brought people from Hawaiki – ―ancestral homeland‖ to NZ over 100 years and they became the Maori tribes. • Canoes and their names were important in determining Maori‘s geological history. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 47
  • 48. HISTORY • 10th Century A.D. - 1st people to discover New Zealand were from Eastern Polynesia. • Canoe Voyages brought people from Hawaiki – ―ancestral homeland‖ to NZ over 100 years and they became the Maori tribes. • Canoes and their names were important in determining Maori‘s geological history. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 48
  • 49. CONT…. • February 6, 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi was signed by over 500 Maori chiefs. • Became a British colony • Agreed that Queen of England would have sovereignty over their land because they had no national government or form of laws – She would protect them and they still get to retain possession of their land However in the 1860‘s, land wars began to erupt because the Pākehā people ―white strangers‖ were trying to take their land. Led to the Maori King movement – protecting lands by uniting under a paramount chief. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 49
  • 50. MAORI MYTHOLOGY • Until the 19th Century, Maori transferred history down the generations by word-of-mouth (Especially through song and dance) • The Beginning – Nothingness and after nine nothingness's became the dawn. From the womb of the darkness came the Sky father and the Earth mother. They had 6 children: god of the winds, god of the forest, etc… They separated their parents and there became light. All the children were male so the sky father created a woman out of soil. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 50
  • 51. Maori Culture • Means ordinary or usual. They call themselves ―people of the land‖ • Pastoralists – grow crops such as Kumara – sweet potato • They are ruled by tribal chiefs • Hierarchical society http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maori IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 51
  • 52. CULTURE • Headed by chiefs, followed by priests, then by commoners, and then slaves. Ariki‘s are their leaders within their tribes - gain authority through genealogy and Rangatira are the aristocracy of their society and are the children of the Ariki. Usually male figures. • The extended families lived together in huts grouped into villages anywhere from a few to 500 households. The families were sub tribes that are a part of a wider tribe which established their social structure. Each tribe had the same ancestor that came from Hawaiki on a certain canoe. • This determined marriage, settlement patterns, and who fought whom. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 52
  • 53. WARFARE • Intertribal warfare are essential parts of their culture. • It was their way of gaining control of their land. • After defeating a tribe, they either eat the defeated (ultimate insult) or they take the women and children to be their slaves. • Their weapons consisted of long or short wooden clubs resembling spear, but are not thrown. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 53
  • 54. DAILY TASKS • Men – prepare agricultural plots, fish in the open sea, dive for shellfish, only ones allowed to go to war, build canoes and tattoo and carve. • Women – do the planting, bring food out to men when fishing, only ones allowed to cook, weave and make cloaks. • The final say in family matters rested on the male head of the household. • Delineation of responsibility was ruled by the complex laws of tapu (taboo) • Boy children are taught to be warriors, girl children help their mothers with household chores. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 54
  • 55. KEY VALUES OF THEIR CULTURE • Spirituality – everyone has an active life force, soul and spirit, and personal spiritual prestige and power. • Land – Mountains and rivers delineated tribal boundaries. Mountains were personified and became part of their social identity. • Hospitality – People are the most important things in the world. Important part of Maori Society • Ancestors – Proper reverence to ancestors is important. Genealogy has to be committed to memory • Largely a collective society, not individualistic IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 55
  • 56. MARAE- ANCESTRAL HOUSE • Where Ancestral spirits live – sense of home Meeting house that is the link between sky father and earth mother. • Visitors assemble outside gates and women call them to come in (do Karanga). All visitors are challenged by the male Maori making fierce faces and noises showing that they are ready for war. Visitors then show that they come in peace. Shoes have to be taken off and they give a gift. • Bongi – traditional pressing of noses (mingles breath IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 56 showing unity)
  • 57. DEATH • A body should not be left on it‘s own after death. They place them on the marae where it can be watched over by their relatives until burial. • They will leave the coffin open so they can touch and weep over the body in order to relieve emotional pain. • The funeral speeches are made directly to the body because they believe that the spirit does not leave the body till burial • Dead bodies of chiefs are left exposed on platforms until flesh rots and they take certain bones and clean them and paint them red and put them in a burial chest and placed in a cave or other sacred sites. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 57
  • 58. FOOD, CLOTHING AND ART • Cook food in earth ovens – dig a pit with wood and stones on top – heat stones • Maori delicacies – freshwater eels, mutton birds, and seafood • Paper Mulberry plant is used for making tapacloth. This is what they make clothing with. • Tattooing – Used for decoration – long painful process with a bone chisel and pigment rubbed on incision. Men are heavily tattooed – face, body, bottom, and thighs. Women‘s are confined to chin and lips and sometimes ankles and wrists. • Song and Dance – Their dances are associated with war chants that preceded battle. Includes fierce shouting, flexing arm movements, thunderous stomping, big eyes, and sticking out of the tongue. • Musical Instruments – 2 forms of flute (one you play with your mouth and one with your nose) and also a trumpet (shell with a wooden mouthpiece. Used no drums just rhythmic stomping IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 58
  • 59. REFERENCES Hanna, N. (1999). Fodor’s Exploring New Zealand. New York: The Automobile Association. Harding, P. (2002). New Zealand. Melbourne: Lonely Planet Publications. Māori: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2005, October 18). Retrieved October 13, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C4%81ori Roselynn, S. (1998). Cultures of the World: New Zealand. New York: Times Editions Pre Ltd. Royal, T. A. C.(2005, July 11). 'Māori' Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved October 13, 2005, from http://www.teara.govt.nz/NewZealandInBrief/Maori/en IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 59
  • 60. The Maori are the native inhabitants of New Zealand and are of Polynesian origin numbering over 500,000 today. This is about 15% of New Zealand's population. Over 95 percent of Maori live on New Zealand's North Island. Evidence suggests that the Maori originally immigrated to New Zealand probably around 1200 AD from the Cook Islands, Society Islands, and Marquesas Islands in the Pacific Ocean. According to Maori legend, their ancestors set out together from a place in Polynesia in a fleet of large canoes. Before the arrival of European colonists in the late 18th century, the Maori had settled throughout New Zealand. In 1841 New Zealand officially became a colony of Britain. Many European settlements were established and between 1843 and 1872 violent conflicts between the Maori and European colonizers, known as the New Zealand Wars took place. formation After the New Zealand Wars, some Maori lands were confiscated illegally and during this time the Maori population declined rapidly as a result of the wars and European diseases. Today the Maori have generally adjusted well to western culture and the population has increased substantially. Since 1980 the Waitangi Tribunal, a government body established to settle legal claims based on the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi, have engaged in recompensing Maori for land that was illegally confiscated. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 60
  • 61. IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 61
  • 62. ECONOMY & BUSINESS IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 62
  • 63. New Zealand Economy Profile GDP: Official Exchange Rate: 2.1013 NZD over this period ( 3rd Jan 2012). Growth rate: 0.8 % Labour force by occupation: •Agriculture: 7% •Industry: 19% •Services: 74% (2006 est.) Investment (gross fixed) 19.5% of GDP (2010 est.) Budget: Revenues: $54.82 billion Expéditeurs: $62.3 billion (2010 est.) IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 63
  • 64. New Zealand Economy Profile Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.3% (2010 est.) 2.1% (2009 est.) Central bank discount rate: 2.5% (31 December 2009) 5% (31 December 2008) IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 64
  • 65. Top 10 Companies in New Zealand Aug 2007 Nov 2008 Name Code Capitalisation Capitalisation (NZD million) (NZD million) Auckland Airport Ltd AIA 1873 1062 Air New Zealand Ltd AIR 506 223 AMP Ltd AMP 513 247 Australia & New Zealand ANZ 708 317 Banking Limited (ANZ National Bank Ltd) APN News & Media APN 920 585 Ltd AMP Ltd APT 522 785 NZ Office Trust BIL International Ltd BRY 62 - Caliver Corporation CAV 124 66 Ltd Contact Energy Ltd CEN 1957 1014 Ebos Group Ltd EBO 172 193 IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 65
  • 66. Government Policy on FDI •Foreign investment into New Zealand is encouraged, however sensitive assets are protected by the Overseas Investment Act 2005. •Overseas Investment Office consent is required for the acquisition of significant business assets (exceeding $100 million), sensitive land (non-urban land of more than 5 hectares, offshore islands, land adjacent to lakes and the foreshore, or land of conservational or historical significance) and fishing quotas IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 66
  • 67. Hospitality Industry: •More than 135,000 people work in the hospitality industry in New Zealand •Recession affects demand for staff in some areas of hospitality •Job opportunities in hospitality beginning to improve IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 67
  • 68. Entertainment: Film Industry Peter Jackson IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 68
  • 69. Popular films S. No Movie Director 1 The Adventures of Tintin Steven Spielberg 2 Avatar James Cameron 3 10,000 BC Roland Emmerich 4 X-men Origins Gavin Hood 5 Lord of the Ring Peter Jackson IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 69
  • 70. THANK YOU IIPM SS 11-13 (A2) 70

Editor's Notes

  1. First european explorer was discovered
  2. Southern tip of north island