Ralph Tyler :Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

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Ralph Tyler :Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

  1. 1. Franklin Bobbitt
  2. 2. John Dewey
  3. 3. Ralph W. tyler
  4. 4. Curriculum and instruction <ul><li>Basic Principles of </li></ul>Ralph W. Tyler
  5. 5. The book <ul><li>is not a text book -- ~ provide comprehensive guidance and reading for a course </li></ul><ul><li>is not a manual for curriculum construction -- ~ describe and outline in detail the steps to be taken... </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines one way of viewing an instructional program as a functioning instrument of education. </li></ul><ul><li>note : introduction p.53 </li></ul>
  6. 6. 4 Questions in developing curriculum and planning instruction <ul><li>What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? </li></ul><ul><li>What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to achieve these purposes? </li></ul><ul><li>How can these educational experiences be effectively organized ? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we determined whether these purposes are being attained? </li></ul><ul><li>(p.51) </li></ul>
  7. 7. What educational purposes should the school seek to attain? <ul><li>If an educational program is to be planned ...it is very necessary to have some conception of the goals that are being aimed at. </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Objectives become the criteria by which </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>materials are selected, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>content is outlined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>instructional procedure are developed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tests and examinations are prepared </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(p 52 pg.1) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. If we are to study an educational program systematically and intelligently we must first be sure as to the Educational Objectives aimed at . p.52 pg.1
  9. 9. Objectives <ul><li>Matters of Choice </li></ul><ul><li>the considered value judgment </li></ul>Philosophy
  10. 10. sources of Education objectives p.52 pg.2... (How are objectives obtained) (How are objectives obtained) (How are objectives obtained) <ul><li>Studies of the Learners Themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Studies of Contemporary Life Outside the School </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions About Objectives from Subject Specialists </li></ul>
  11. 11. Controversy between Essentialists Progressive v.s Subject Specialists Child Psychologists The large body of knowledge collected over many thousands of years : cultural heritage THE BASIC SOURCES OF EDUCATION OBJECTIVES Studying the child’s interests, problems, purposes ...
  12. 12. Controversy between Sociologists Educational Philosophers v.s Contemporary Society; THE BASIC SOURCES OF EDUCATION OBJECTIVES Basic values in life : Transmitted from a generation to another Critical problems of contemporary life the School to deal with provides Attitudes Skills Knowledges Educational Philosophy
  13. 13. NO single source of information is adequate to provide a basis for wise & comprehensive decisions ******* Objectives
  14. 14. sources of Education objectives p.52 pg.2... (How are objectives obtained) (How are objectives obtained) (How are objectives obtained) <ul><li>Studies of the Learners Themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Studies of Contemporary Life Outside the School </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions About Objectives from Subject Specialists </li></ul>
  15. 15. Studies of the Learners Themselves <ul><li>Education is a process of changing the behavior patterns of people </li></ul>Thinking Overt Action Feeling
  16. 16. Studies of the Learners Themselves
  17. 17. Studies of the Learners Themselves
  18. 18. What Knowledge Is of Most Worth ? Contemporary Life Outside the School the greatly increased body of Knowledge the advent of Science the Industrial Revolution difficulty
  19. 19. Studies of Contemporary Life Outside the School p.54 p.54 <ul><li>Arguments for Analyzing Contemporary Life in order to get suggestions for Educational Objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Life is so complex and life is continually changing...do not waste time in learning things 50 years ago important. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Studies of Contemporary Life Outside the School p.54 p.54 <ul><li>Arguments for Analyzing Contemporary Life in order to get suggestions for Educational Objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The belief in transfer of training : using “trained mind” to the conditions... </li></ul>
  21. 21. Life & learning situations <ul><li>the two situations were obviously alike in many respects </li></ul><ul><li>the students was given practices in seeking illustrations in his life outside school for the application of things learned in school. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Essentialists Contemporary Life Outside the School The Criticized issues of using Activities Sole Basis AS SOURCES OF EDUCATION OBJECTIVES of a large numbers of people harmful Presentism
  23. 23. Suggestions About Objectives from Subject Specialists <ul><li>Most common used in typical schools and colleges. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Specialists’ propose are too technical,too specialized; inappropriate for a large number of the school students. </li></ul><ul><li>Too specialized for the layman. </li></ul><ul><li>too Specialized in objectives lead to the deeper conceptions of the subject fields ???? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Suggestions About Objectives from Subject Specialists <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Habits </li></ul><ul><li>Modes of Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul>
  25. 25. Science <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Habits </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of health practices ; attitudes and knowledges / diseases spread / precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Use and conservation of natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of a satisfying world-picture (relation of man and nature) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Suggestion ...read a report of subject groups , jot down the interpretation then formulate a list of educational objectives . it is likely to be suggested by various subject groups from their report...
  27. 27. Thank you for your participation. Blessing Soontaree,K Soontaree,K Soontaree,K
  28. 28. <ul><li>general education </li></ul>

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