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Trends and Best Practices in Faculty Development for Online Teaching


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Trends and Best Practices in Faculty Development for Online Teaching

  1. 1. Trends and Best Practices in Faculty Development for Online Teaching <ul><li>Andy Saltarelli </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>The Why: Exponential growth has naturally raised questions of the value and legitimacy of online education (Allen & Seaman, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>The Tensions: Pedagogy and content expertise versus (?) technological competencies (Kim & Bonk, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>All three: Pedagogy, content knowledge, and technological knowledge (TPACK, Koehler, Mishra, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>The Solution: Creating a community of learners </li></ul>
  3. 3. TPACK
  4. 4. TPACK <ul><li>Affordances and constraints associated with technological structures </li></ul><ul><li>E.g., asynchronous discussion forums (Roseth, Saltarelli, & Glass, under review) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you “port” FTF procedures into online ed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Think time” – marginal achievement boost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation – plummeted, with 30% attrition </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Faculty Development Tensions <ul><li>Technology competencies are somewhat necessary but not sufficient -- does not ensure their appropriate use real pedagogical situations </li></ul><ul><li>Academic autonomy enjoyed by university faculty make strict requirement of tech skills problematic </li></ul><ul><li>What to do, not how to think - instructional software/hardware skills are often taught in the absence of authentic pedagogical issues that faculty individually face </li></ul>
  6. 6. Faculty Development Solutions <ul><li>Authentic pedagogy – encourage faculty to learn “how to think about technology ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trainings must in involve authentic, situated pedagogical problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite proposals and authentic problems from faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Constructive Controversy (Deutsch, 1973; Johnson & Johnson, 2009) procedures in online ed? (Task-technology fit, Goodhue, 1998) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Faculty Development Examples <ul><li>Foster a community of faculty learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ATS services and IDs should only be one part of the learning community – facilitators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes discourse on the technology-content interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can connect faculty to national and international leaders, resources, and best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., “Champions” initiative </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Faculty Development Examples <ul><li>Engage in design-based research (DBR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner with faculty to empirically test technology implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Anatomy simulation study (Saltarelli, Saltarelli, & Roseth, under review) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Faculty Development Examples <ul><li>Probe and measure, often </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Opinion Survey specific to online education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online teaching competencies written into college by-laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty development survey </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li>Allen, I., & Seaman, J. (2010). Learning on demand: Online education in the United States, 2009 . Newburyport, MA: The Sloan Consortium. </li></ul><ul><li>Deutsch, M. (1973). The resolution of conflict . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson, D W, & Johnson, R T. (2009). Energizing learning: The instructional power of conflict. Educational Researcher , 38 (1), 37. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim, K. J., & Bonk, C. J. (2006). The future of online teaching and learning in higher education. Educause Quarterly , 29 , 22–30.   </li></ul><ul><li>Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological pedagogical content knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record , 108 (6), 1017–1054.   </li></ul><ul><li>Mishra, P., Koehler, M. J., & Zhao, Y. (2007). Faculty development by design: Integrating technology in higher education . Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>