CONCEPT• Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a term applied to a variety of public transport systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line.• Bus Rapid Transit is the name given to sophisticated bus systems that have their own lanes on city streets.• It ensures fast, reliable, secure and high capacity service.• BRT is mainly used in the America; in India, it is called BRTS (the additional S stands for system)
AIMS & OBJECTIVESAIM: • To approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings and flexibility of bus transit.OBJECTIVES: Considering the factors such as • Travel demand • Ease of implementation • Potential of the route as an independent route. Integration of BRTS with other proposals.
WHY BRTS??An Affordable Choice• Many cities are now choosing Bus Rapid Transit for two important reasons:1. cost2. convenience.The cost of building a heavy rail system like a subwayreach as much as 10 times that of Bus Rapid Transit.
BRTS Bus in Los AngelesBRTS Bus in Mondego, Portugal BRTS Bus, Beijing Bogota, Columbia
CHARACTERISTICS OF BRTS…• Bus only, grade-separated right-of-way: A dedicated bus lane allows the bus to operate separately, without interference from other modes of traffic.• Serves a diverse market with high-frequency all day service: A BRT network with comprehensive coverage can serve a diverse market (all income ranges) by moving large numbers of people between locations quickly and reliably throughout the day, while maintaining a comfortable riding experience.• Bus priority: Preferential treatment of buses at signalized intersections can involve the extension of green time and/or allowing the bus to proceed sooner, out of turn, relative to the normal sequence of signal phases.• Off-bus fare collection: Conventional on-board fare collection slows the boarding process, particularly when different fares are collected for different destinations and/or classes of passengers. This allows passengers to board quickly through all doors of a stopped bus.
CHARACTERISTICS OF BRTS• Vehicles with tram-like characteristics: Recent technological developments such as bi-articulated buses and guided buses have benefited the set-up of BRT systems. The main developments are: • Improved riding quality . • Increased capacity . • Reduced operating costs (hybrid electric power train).• A specific image with a brand name: The systems brand identity contributes to its attractiveness as an alternative to driving cars.• Level boarding: Many BRT systems also use low-floor buses to speed passenger boardings and enhance accessibility to disabled passengers.• Stations: High-quality BRT systems feature significant investment in enclosed stations which may incorporate attractive sliding glass doors, staffed ticket booths, information booths, and other more standard features listed above.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS:• The typical diesel engine on the bus causes noticeable levels of air pollution, noise and vibration.• A BRT system can use trolleybuses to lower gaseous and noise emissions.• The price penalty of installing overhead lines could be offset by the systems environmental benefits potential for savings from centrally generated electricity, especially in cities where electricity is less expensive than other power sources.• In addition, most trolleybus applications can be converted to light rail with the only extra expense being the laying and maintenance of tram tracks in the street.
IMPLEMENTATION OF BRTS IN INDIA:• India currently has a number of operational BRT systems and many more under construction.• Existing BRT Systems with segregated lanes: – Pune: was the first BRT system in India. Currently uses low floor Volvo buses – Ahmedabad: is Indias most developed and advance BRT system. Currently uses Ashok Leyland semi-low floor buses – Delhi: was the second BRT system in India. Currently uses Tata Marcopolo Bus – Jaipur: currently uses Ashok Leyland buses• Existing BRT Systems without segregated lanes: – Mumbai: currently uses King-Long, Mercedes and Tata buses – Indore: currently uses Tata buses• BRT Systems Under construction: – Rajkot: Under construction – Surat: Under construction, – Indore BRTS: Indore BRTS.
INTRODUCTION AHMEDABAD BRTS is officially named as ‘JanMarg’ by Sri Narendra Modi which means ‘people’s way’ – a road that can carry citizens in safety, comfort and at high speeds. Janmarg a vision of Shri Narendra Modi to provide Ahmedabad’s citizens with cost effective, efficient and state of the art public transport. 14th October 2009- this is a day that will remain edged forever in the annals of Ahmedabad’s glorious history. It was on this day that Shri Narendra Modi flagged off ‘Janmarg’, Ahmedabad’s own state of the art Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS). It is oprerated by Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. It is designed by CEPT University.
FEATURESOver 60 buses with GPS enabled facility with 2 way voice days and Passenger Information System as well as e-ticketing system.Extensive application of Intelligent Transport System (ITS).Low floor buses with large central doors of both sides. Accessible to persons with special needs.Bus Stations with the latest technology.Option of a Janmarg Travel Card that saves the commuter the need to stand in long lines and buy tickets.
Y BRTS IN AHMEDABAD??• Janmarg has always been a project very close to Shri Modi’s heart.• Ahmedabad being India’s seventh largest city and the largest city in Gujarat with a population of over 5 million people urgently required a transport system that is effective, efficient and can complement the pace of development .Gujarat has been going through over the past decade.• Almost all leading international financial centres from London, Paris, New York have mass transit infrastructure in place and this is exactly what Shri Modi is seeking to achieve for Ahmedabad for which Janmarg is only the grand beginning.
PHASESPHASE 1(1) Total distance: 50.78 km Circular Route: (Shivranjani – AEC – Akhbar nagar – Ranip – Wadaj – Dudheswer – Delhi Darwaja – Kalupur – MEMCO – Naroda – Soni ni Chal – Expressway Junction – Vatva – Narol – Dani Limda – Dharnidhar – Naheru nagar – Shivranjani)PHASE 1(2) Total distance: 14.39 km Old City Route: (Soni ni Chal – Rakhiyal – Gomtipur – Sarangpur – Geeta Mandir – Jamalpur – Kankaria – Maninagar – Shah Alam – Dani Limda)PHASE 2(1) Total distance: 6.72 km Cross City (East-West Link) (Nehru nagar – Gujarat University – CG Road – Law Garden – Gandhi Gram – Ellis Bridge – Dana Pith – Astodia – Geeta Mandir)PHASE 2(2) Total distance: 5.62 km Bopal Extension: (Shivranjani – Jodhpur cross Rd – ISRO – ISKCON / SG Highway – ISRO Colony – Bopal)PHASE 2(3) Total distance: 6.59 km Sola Extension: (AEC – Bhuyangdev – Sattadhar – Sola Flyover – Science City)PHASE 2(4) Total distance: 6.34 km Chandkheda Extension: (Ranip – RTO – Sabarmati – ONGC – ChandkhedaPHASE 2(5) Total distance: 3.54 km Odhav Extension: (Soni ni Chal – Odhav)PHASE 2(6) Total distance: 615.93 m Kalupur
01 021. As the bus arrives at the Platform of the station. the door of the platform and of the bus open up, and thereafter close, simultaneously before the bus leaves. The buses are fully air-conditioned.2. Stations are in the median.3. Ticket issuing clerk is sitting in the middle in a cage covered by a glass. 03
• The good feature of the stations is that they have provided ramps for physically challenged people to use Wheel chairs.• The platforms have good seating arrangement especially for ladies waiting for the arrival of the bus
AWARDS: The transit system has done Gujarat extremely proud by winning several awards at the national and international level. In 2009 itself, the year when it was launched Janmarg was awarded the prize for ‘the best MRT project’ in the country. In 2010 it won the prestigious Sustainable Transport Award from the Transportation Research Board in Washington. In 2011 It was awarded National Award for ‘Excellence in the category of the best ITS project’ from the Government of India. And in 2012 when Ahmedabad won the special mention in the Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize, Janmarg was one of the 3 projects listed as pioneering feats towards the city’s urban regeneration.