Human-centred HCDI Seminar: Approach in Scientific Research

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Human-centred HCDI Seminar: Approach in Scientific Research

  1. 1. Human-centred Approach in Scientific Research Dr Busayawan Ariyatum School of Engineering & Design, Brunel University
  2. 2. National Metal and Materials Technology Centre: MTEC National Science & Technology Development Agency: NSTDA
  3. 3. Product Design & Development in Thailand
  4. 4. Why can’t they look like these?
  5. 5. Lack of Design & Creativity?
  6. 6. Intensive Labour Process Standard Metal Sheets & Tubes Automatic Production Mould Fabrication & Machines
  7. 7. Preparing the master Designing the parting line Applying releasing agent Preparing a casting box and pouring a mixture of epoxy resin composite Rapid Moulding Using an Epoxy Resin Composite
  8. 8. Rapid Moulding Using an Epoxy Resin Composite Air-bubble removal and surface finishing Mould assembling and operating test
  9. 9. Sound simple, but not really… Broken overhangs Melted master Leaking epoxy resin Effect of releasing agent Defeated surfaces due to the modifications
  10. 10. Basic tools & Expensive machines
  11. 11. What do they want to learn then? Silicone Mould – Prototype Making
  12. 12. Small-Scale Complete-Cycle Biodiesel Pilot Plant: Technology Transfer to Communities in Celebration of His Majesty King Bhumibol’s 60-Year Anniversary of Accession to the Throne
  13. 13. <ul><li>What did we learn from our mistakes? </li></ul><ul><li>Assume nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Just ask </li></ul><ul><li>Find out their true happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Apply a holistic approach </li></ul><ul><li>(the whole value chain) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>What do they want? </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficiency </li></ul>
  15. 15. Holistic Approach A business case for a community-based biodiesel production
  16. 16. Did we really listen?
  17. 17. Biodiesel: What is it? Biodiesel is defined as a diesel-equivalent, processed fuel obtained from biological sources. In this case, it refers to alkyl esters made from the transesterification process of straight vegetable oils (SVO) or animal fats.
  18. 18. Actually, the process is simple. No equipment needed.
  19. 19. But the specification is strict!!!
  20. 20. In fact, we should produce test kits, which are fool-proof , affordable and reliable . If we can give them away for free, that will be the ultimate situation. The density of a material is defined as its mass per unit volume Density = Mass / Volume Bio-diesel Density = ~ 0.88 g/cm³ Can you design a fool-proof density test kit? Polypropylene (PP) Density = 0.855 g/cm 3 Low-density Polyethylene (LDPE) = 0.910 g/cm 3
  21. 21. In order to keep the cost down while maintaining the quality, we tried to use standard parts for everything
  22. 22. Let’s come back to General Hospital Equipment
  23. 23. <ul><li>Broadest Design Brief Ever??? </li></ul><ul><li>Design any hospital equipment for the Thai public healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Justify impacts on the society (Niche market is unacceptable) </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage knowledge, expertises, technologies cultivated at MTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Able to transfer knowledge to the Thai industries </li></ul>
  24. 25. Users knew what they want, but they’re too specific
  25. 26. Problems identified via observations: Patient Transfer
  26. 27. Finding Overlapping Areas
  27. 29. Improving Quality of Life of Thai Children
  28. 30. Thank you for listening Any questions? [email_address]

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