Globalization of Obesity

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Globalization of Obesity

  1. 1. Globalization of Obesity itsallaboutculture.com Professor Alana L. Jolley
  2. 2. Chronic Obesity Epidemic Worldwide
  3. 3. What is Obesity? • Overweight: ten pounds • Obesity: 20 pounds over •BMI over 25-overweight • BMI (Body Mass Index) over 30 – obese • Severe obesity: 100 pounds overweight.
  4. 4. Causes of Obesity Calories: intake exceeds energy output Obesity: prevalent in industrialized nations Energy-dense food: cheap, fast food Physical activity: decreases, and car-centered Possible “thrifty” gene in some populations
  5. 5. Central Obesity the Most Health Threatening
  6. 6. Ancestors Were Hunter-gatherers and Very Mobile
  7. 7. Dietary Patterns and Culture Change Agriculture: 10-12,000 years ago Transition: plant-dominant to animal foods Less saturated fat – no factory farms Nutrients: more variety, more vitamins Demise of food-sharing
  8. 8. Cultural Causes of Obesity Refined carbohydrates More fat, sugar, (HFCS) and salt Diet drinks and slow metabolism HFCS (High Fructose Corn Syrup) mirror of obesity
  9. 9. What Has Happened to the Family Dinner? (Food Sharing)
  10. 10. Health Risks Coronary artery disease, sleep disorders Type 2 adult diabetes, and/or insulin resistance High cholesterol – unhealthy cholesterol levels High blood pressure, high risk of stroke Erectile dis-function, prostrate cancer high risk
  11. 11. Some People Never Become Obese, Why?
  12. 12. Problematic for Future Generations
  13. 13. Consequences for Humanity       Poor health, chronic illnesses Disabilities Poor quality of life Escalating health care and health care costs Stress on families: financially, emotionally High costs: community, society, nation, world
  14. 14. Globalization of Obesity • PPT Presentation adapted from: – 2005, Frisancho, A. Roberto, Humankind Evolving, Chapter 23, pp. 353-365. itsallaboutculture.com

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