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The No. 1
US China Relations
The No. 1
Alraisi
Oman
Hurst
Australia
Amir
Pakistan
Moore
Liberia
Nkemdirim
NigeriaEspinoza
Chile
Cinelli
USA
Lefever
USA
US-China
Comparison
How does the announced rebalancing of US
forces affect the relationship
• Rebalancing:
– The US already has a presence in ...
Military Economic
• Pakistan
• North Korea
• Russia
• Mongolia
• Iran
• US
• EU
• Pakistan
• GCC
• Russia
• North Korea
• ...
International Security: Countries Influencing China
Positive Influence Negative Influence
Economic Influence US
Russia
Pak...
Regional Alliances
• A) Are there any security alliances in place
(bilateral or multilateral)
– YES
• What are they?
– US:...
Q4: Soft/Smart Power Tools to Influence PRC -
Levers of DIME
Soft Power Smart Power
Diplomatic • Credibility
• Regional an...
Q5: Existential Threats
Regional Non-regional
Conflict Environment
Terrorism Climate Change
Cyber Threats Pollution
Territ...
Q6: Engaging China through Corporate Partnerships on
Energy
Pros Cons
• China’s dependency on US
technology
• Empowers Chi...
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US China relationship Amir Jahangir & Vice Admiral Michael Lefever presenation at Harvard Kennedy School - NIS - december 2013

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An analysis of US - China interaction in the context of state and non-state actors. a joint presentation by Amir Jahangir and Vice Admiral Michael Lefever at the program for Senior Executives in National and International Security at the Harvard Kennedy School

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US China relationship Amir Jahangir & Vice Admiral Michael Lefever presenation at Harvard Kennedy School - NIS - december 2013

  1. 1. The No. 1 US China Relations
  2. 2. The No. 1 Alraisi Oman Hurst Australia Amir Pakistan Moore Liberia Nkemdirim NigeriaEspinoza Chile Cinelli USA Lefever USA
  3. 3. US-China Comparison
  4. 4. How does the announced rebalancing of US forces affect the relationship • Rebalancing: – The US already has a presence in the pacific, reestablishing and enhancing existing US relationships – Economic Interests: • Global Supply Chains • Keeping trade routes and sea-lanes open • Securing markets – Security Interests: • Ensure security of the region – Category 1: Taiwan, South Korea Japan – Category 2: Indonesia, Philippines
  5. 5. Military Economic • Pakistan • North Korea • Russia • Mongolia • Iran • US • EU • Pakistan • GCC • Russia • North Korea • Iran • Mongolia • Australia • Africa • Japan • South Korea • Australia • New Zealand • Philippines • Indonesia • India • Pakistan • EU • China • GCC • India • Japan • South Korea • Australia • New Zealand • Philippines • Indonesia • Pakistan Relationships among the US, the PRC and other countries
  6. 6. International Security: Countries Influencing China Positive Influence Negative Influence Economic Influence US Russia Pakistan North Korea Iran US India Japan South Korea Taiwan Military Power US Russia Pakistan North Korea US South Korea Japan Indonesia India Philippines Cultural Kinship Mongolia Myanmar Taiwan Taiwan Geographic Proximity Myanmar Pakistan North Korea Russia India Bhutan Nepal North Korea
  7. 7. Regional Alliances • A) Are there any security alliances in place (bilateral or multilateral) – YES • What are they? – US: Japan, Philippines, South Korea, Indonesia, Australia, Taiwan, Pakistan, New Zealand – China: Russia, North Korea, Pakistan, Myanmar • Do any of them include the PRC? – Six Party Talks (PRC) – ASEAN (no PRC membership) – Shanghai Cooperation Organization (PRC) – Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty
  8. 8. Q4: Soft/Smart Power Tools to Influence PRC - Levers of DIME Soft Power Smart Power Diplomatic • Credibility • Regional and Leadership Status • Humanitarian Assistance • US Regional Security Alliances Information • Media • Open Internet • Academic Exchange • US and Regional Response to Cyber Theft Military • Freedom of Flight • Freedom of Navigation • Military Training • US Regional Security Alliances • US-China Military Exercises Economic • Trade Relations • Cultural Influence • Corporate Centers of Excellence • Infrastructure Development
  9. 9. Q5: Existential Threats Regional Non-regional Conflict Environment Terrorism Climate Change Cyber Threats Pollution Territorial Claims Terrorism Nuclear Threat Cyber Threats Food Security Nuclear Threat Water Energy Energy Global Supply Chain Raw Material
  10. 10. Q6: Engaging China through Corporate Partnerships on Energy Pros Cons • China’s dependency on US technology • Empowers China to set into a position of an energy sufficient • Allowing China to see the benefits of developing energy resources within its geographical limits • Shifts the energy balance from crude oil to shale oil and gas • Access to the Chinese market for energy • Global crude oil price instability, may result in security instability • Creates opportunities to engage China on mutually beneficial terms • Energy stability will allow China to focus its resources elsewhere • Energy stability will allow China to focus its resources elsewhere • It will provide China, energy security stability • It will provide China, energy security stability • Ultimately this will lead to China acquiring the status of a super power
  11. 11. Thank You

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