HIV / AIDS

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AIDS is the Deadliest Pandemic in humans and it is caused by a RNA virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).AIDS is The Last Stage of HIV Infection.

• First Identified By Dr.Luc Montagnier & His Collegues.

• It is Estimated That 8-10 Millions Adults & 1 Million Chliderns World Wide Are Infected With HIV Virus.

• AIDS is one of The Sexually Transmitted Disease.

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HIV / AIDS

  1. 1. HIV / AIDS http://technologyinscience.blogspot.com
  2. 2. CONTENTS: •INTRODUCTION •DEFINITION •STRUCTURE •REPLICATION •SOURCES •TRANSMISSION •SYMPTOMS •DIAGNOSIS •CONTROL
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION •AIDS IS THE DEADLIEST IS PANDEMIC IN HUMANS IT IS CAUSED BY HIV. •AIDS IS THE LAST STAGE OF HIV INFECTION. •FIRST IDENTIFIED BY Dr.LUC MONTAGNIER & HIS COLLEGUES.
  4. 4. •THEY ESTIMATED THAT 8-10 MILLIONS ADULTS & 1 MILLION CHLIDERNS WORLD WIDE ARE INFECTED WITH HIV VIRUS. •AIDS IS ONE OF THE SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE. •73% HIV IS AQUIRED BY SEXUAL CONTACT. •THE FIRST AIDS CASE IN INDIA WAS IN 1986 FROM CHENNAI, SINCE THEN THERE IS BEEN A RAPID SPREAD OF HIV INFECTION ALL OVER THE COUNTRY. •80% OF MALES & 20% FEMALES ALMOST 90% WITH HIV WERE IN THE AGE GROUP 15-40 YEARS.
  5. 5. DEFINITION •AIDS: ACQUIRED IMMUNO DEFICIENCY SYNDROME. •AIDS IS RECEIVED FROM THE INFECTED PERSON. SO IT IS SAIDTO BE ACQUIRED. •AIDS IS CAUSED BY THE INFECTION OF RNA VIRUS ON LYMPHOCYTES AS A RESULT THE ACTIVITY OF T-HELPER CELLS IS DEPRSED. •THIS LEADS TO THE SUPRESSION OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM HENCE THE NAME
  6. 6. •AS THE INITIAL INFECTION OF VIRUS PASS THE WAY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX OF DISEASE . IT IS CALLED SYNDROME
  7. 7. SOURCES •HIV IS TRANSMITTED THROUGH UNPROTECTED SEXUAL INTERCOURSE. •5-10% ADULTS ARE INFECTED BY SHARING HIV INFECTED NEEDLES. •HIV IS TRANMITTED BY TRANSFUSION OF INFECTED BLOOD. •A PREGANT WOMAN WITH HIV IS ABLE TO PASS THE VIRUS TO HER FOETEUS DURING PREGNANCY OR CHILD BIRTH. •SOME TIMES WOMAN PASS HIV TO THE BABY BY BREAST MILK.
  8. 8. TRANSMISSION •SEXUAL CONTACT BOTH HOMOSEXUAL AND HETROSEXUAL. •BLOOD TRANFUSION. •MOTHER TO FOETUS THROUGH THE PLANCENTA. •INJECTION WITH UNSTERILE SYRINGES AND NEEDLES. •BREAST FEEDING BY INFECTED MOTHER.
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS •AIDS PATIENTS INTIALLY SHOWS FEVER, RASHES, SWELLING OF LYMPH NODES, WEIGHT LOSS. •WBC COUNT IS REDUCED AND BLOOD PLATELET COUNT IS LOWERED. •PATIENTS USALLY DEVELOP A FORM OF CANCER. •DEATH IS CAUSED IN 2-10 YEARS.
  10. 10. DIAGNOSIS •ELISA •WESTERN BLOTTING •PCR
  11. 11. CONTROL •SYRINGES, NEEDLES & OTHER MATERIALS SHOULD BE STERLISED. •AVOIDING OF SHARING MATERIALS. •SCREENING OF BLOOD BEFORE TRANSFUSSION. •SEXUAL CONTACT WITH SEX WORKERS SHOULD BE AVOIDED. •USE OF CONDOMS DURING SEXUAL CONTACT – “PLAY SAFE SEX”
  12. 12. TREATMENT •There are Several Anti Retroviral Drugs which helps to suppress the viral load can be used in controlling the disease progress
  13. 13. http://technologyinscience.blogspot.com

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