• Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a term applied to a variety
of public transport systems using buses to provide
faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus
• Bus Rapid Transit is the name given to sophisticated
bus systems that have their own lanes on city
• It ensures fast, reliable, secure and high capacity
• BRT is mainly used in the America; in India, it is
called BRTS (the additional 'S' stands for system)
AIMS & OBJECTIVES
• To approach the service quality of rail
transit while still enjoying the cost savings and
flexibility of bus transit.
Considering the factors such as
• Travel demand
• Ease of implementation
• Potential of the route as an independent
Integration of BRTS with other proposals.
An Affordable Choice
• Many cities are now choosing Bus Rapid Transit for
two important reasons:
The cost of building a heavy rail system like a subway
reach as much as 10 times that of Bus Rapid Transit.
BRTS Bus in Los Angeles
BRTS Bus in Mondego, Portugal
BRTS Bus, Beijing
CHARACTERISTICS OF BRTS…
• Bus only, grade-separated right-of-way:
A dedicated bus lane allows the bus to operate separately, without
interference from other modes of traffic.
• Serves a diverse market with high-frequency all day service:
A BRT network with comprehensive coverage can serve a diverse market
(all income ranges) by moving large numbers of people between locations
quickly and reliably throughout the day, while maintaining a comfortable
• Bus priority:
Preferential treatment of buses at signalized intersections can involve the
extension of green time and/or allowing the bus to proceed sooner, out of
turn, relative to the normal sequence of signal phases.
• Off-bus fare collection:
Conventional on-board fare collection slows the boarding process,
particularly when different fares are collected for different destinations
and/or classes of passengers. This allows passengers to board quickly
through all doors of a stopped bus.
CHARACTERISTICS OF BRTS
• Vehicles with tram-like characteristics:
Recent technological developments such as bi-articulated buses and guided
buses have benefited the set-up of BRT systems. The main developments are:
• Improved riding quality .
• Increased capacity .
• Reduced operating costs (hybrid electric power train).
• A specific image with a brand name:
The system's brand identity contributes to its attractiveness as an alternative to
• Level boarding:
Many BRT systems also use low-floor buses to speed passenger boardings and
enhance accessibility to disabled passengers.
High-quality BRT systems feature significant investment in enclosed stations which
may incorporate attractive sliding glass doors, staffed ticket booths, information
booths, and other more standard features listed above.
• The typical diesel engine on the bus causes noticeable levels
of air pollution, noise and vibration.
• A BRT system can use trolleybuses to lower gaseous and noise
• The price penalty of installing overhead lines could be offset by
the system's environmental benefits potential for savings from
centrally generated electricity, especially in cities where
electricity is less expensive than other power sources.
• In addition, most trolleybus applications can be converted to
light rail with the only extra expense being the laying and
maintenance of tram tracks in the street.
IMPLEMENTATION OF BRTS IN INDIA:
• India currently has a number of operational BRT systems and many
more under construction.
• Existing BRT Systems with segregated lanes:
– Pune: was the first BRT system in India. Currently uses low floor Volvo buses
– Ahmedabad: is India's most developed and advance BRT system. Currently
uses Ashok Leyland semi-low floor buses
– Delhi: was the second BRT system in India. Currently uses Tata Marcopolo Bus
– Jaipur: currently uses Ashok Leyland buses
• Existing BRT Systems without segregated lanes:
– Mumbai: currently uses King-Long, Mercedes and Tata buses
– Indore: currently uses Tata buses
• BRT Systems Under construction:
– Rajkot: Under construction
– Surat: Under construction,
– Indore BRTS: Indore BRTS.
AHMEDABAD BRTS is officially named as ‘JanMarg’ by Sri
Narendra Modi which means ‘people’s way’ – a road that can
carry citizens in safety, comfort and at high speeds.
Janmarg a vision of Shri Narendra Modi to provide Ahmedabad’s
citizens with cost effective, efficient and state of the art public
14th October 2009- this is a day that will remain edged forever in
the annals of Ahmedabad’s glorious history. It was on this day that
Shri Narendra Modi flagged off ‘Janmarg’, Ahmedabad’s own state
of the art Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS).
It is oprerated by Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary of
Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. It is designed by CEPT University.
Over 60 buses with GPS enabled facility with 2 way voice
days and Passenger Information System as well as
Extensive application of Intelligent Transport System
Low floor buses with large central doors of both sides.
Accessible to persons with special needs.
Bus Stations with the latest technology.
Option of a Janmarg Travel Card that saves the
commuter the need to stand in long lines and buy
Y BRTS IN AHMEDABAD??
• Janmarg has always been a project very close to Shri Modi’s
• Ahmedabad being India’s seventh largest city and the
largest city in Gujarat with a population of over 5 million
people urgently required a transport system that is
effective, efficient and can complement the pace of
development .Gujarat has been going through over the past
• Almost all leading international financial centres from
London, Paris, New York have mass transit infrastructure in
place and this is exactly what Shri Modi is seeking to
achieve for Ahmedabad for which Janmarg is only the
Total distance: 50.78 km
Circular Route: (Shivranjani – AEC – Akhbar nagar – Ranip – Wadaj – Dudheswer –
Delhi Darwaja – Kalupur – MEMCO – Naroda – Soni ni Chal – Expressway Junction
– Vatva – Narol – Dani Limda – Dharnidhar – Naheru nagar – Shivranjani)
Total distance: 14.39 km
Old City Route: (Soni ni Chal – Rakhiyal – Gomtipur – Sarangpur – Geeta Mandir –
Jamalpur – Kankaria – Maninagar – Shah Alam – Dani Limda)
Total distance: 6.72 km
Cross City (East-West Link) (Nehru nagar – Gujarat University – CG Road – Law
Garden – Gandhi Gram – Ellis Bridge – Dana Pith – Astodia – Geeta Mandir)
Total distance: 5.62 km
Bopal Extension: (Shivranjani – Jodhpur cross Rd – ISRO – ISKCON / SG Highway – ISRO
Colony – Bopal)
Total distance: 6.59 km
Sola Extension: (AEC – Bhuyangdev – Sattadhar – Sola Flyover – Science City)
Total distance: 6.34 km
Chandkheda Extension: (Ranip – RTO – Sabarmati – ONGC – Chandkheda
Total distance: 3.54 km
Odhav Extension: (Soni ni Chal – Odhav)
Total distance: 615.93 m Kalupur
1. As the bus arrives at the Platform of the
station. the door of the platform and of
the bus open up, and thereafter close,
simultaneously before the bus leaves.
The buses are fully air-conditioned.
2. Stations are in the median.
3. Ticket issuing clerk is sitting in the
middle in a cage covered by a glass.
• The good feature of the
stations is that they have
provided ramps for
physically challenged people
to use Wheel chairs.
• The platforms have good
especially for ladies
waiting for the arrival of
The transit system has done Gujarat extremely proud by
winning several awards at the national and international
In 2009 itself, the year when it was launched Janmarg was
awarded the prize for ‘the best MRT project’ in the country.
In 2010 it won the prestigious Sustainable Transport Award
from the Transportation Research Board in Washington.
In 2011 It was awarded National Award for ‘Excellence in the
category of the best ITS project’ from the Government of
And in 2012 when Ahmedabad won the special mention in
the Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize, Janmarg was one of the 3
projects listed as pioneering feats towards the city’s urban