SUBMITTED BY:AJITESH PAL SINGH
The goal of our project is to design a user-friendly
home automation system which can be easily
integrated into existing homes and businesses.
It is automation of the home, housework or household
Home automation may include centralized control of
lighting, HVAC (heating, ventilation and air
conditioning), appliances, security locks of gates and
doors and other systems, to provide improved
convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and security.
How it works?
Basically it is used to control temperature.
At 30°C temp it will work normally but when the
temperature above 30°C the fan will start moving.
Temperature will show in the LCD display.
Connector is connected with the motor driver and it will
help to rotate the fan.
Increasing safety System.
Lighting Control (Centralized).
Heat and Cool Control system.
Low-cost Program Control of Industrial Furnaces.
Ideal for Increasing the Control Performance of Industrial
Hot Air Blowers
High Resolution Temperature Measurement.
This is used to control the voltage and current coming from the main
We use step down center tap transformer with fullwave rectifier and
7805 voltage regulator.
A bridge is simply two fullwave circuits... So. fullwave has
the advantage of having half the diode drop.
The PIV is one half that of the center tap circuit.
It has inbuilt ram, rom, timer or we can say that it is a
small cpu which is used for performing specific task.
AT89S52 microcontroller is made up with c mos
technology with operation form 2.7 to 5.5v.
It has 256 B ram and 8k rom,32 i/o lines,16 bit
It has one full duplex UART.
LCD(Liquid Crystal Display)
It is used to display a data
It is a 16*2 lcd .
It has 16 pins from which it has 8 data lines.
Its one block is 5*7 dot matrix pattern.
Temperature Sensor LM35
It is precision temperature sensor in celcius.
Its sensitivity is linear + 10 mV/°C.
It can measure from -55°C and 150°C.
Can be used to detect ambient air temperature
LM35 Linear Temperature Sensor is based on the
semiconductor LM35 temperature sensor.
The output voltage is proportional to the temperature.
It is commonly called ADC.
ADC0808 is an 8 bit analog to
digital converter with eight
input analog channels.
The default step size is 19.53mV
corresponding to 5V reference
The ADC needs some specific
control signals for its operations
like start conversion and bring
data to output pins.
The voltage reference can be
set using the Vref+ and Vrefpins.
L293D is a dual H-bridge motor
driver integrated circuit (IC).
Motor drivers act as current
amplifiers since they take a
low-current control signal and
provide a higher-current signal.
This higher current signal is used
to drive the motors.
L293D contains two inbuilt Hbridge driver circuits. In its
common mode of operation,
two DC motors can be driven
simultaneously, both in forward
and reverse direction.