Indian Contribution towards Parallel Processing

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Deals with the supercomputers present in India

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Indian Contribution towards Parallel Processing

  1. 1. INDIAN CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS PARALLEL PROCESSING
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • The main fields that need advanced computing are: • • • • • • • • • Computational Fluid Dynamics Design of large structures Computational physics and Chemistry Climate Modeling Vehicle Simulation Image processing Signal Processing Oil reservoir Management Seismic data processing
  3. 3.  Major Indian parallel computing projects ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ PARAM(from CDAC, Pune) ANUPAM(from BARC, Bombay) MTPPS(from BARC, Bombay) PACE(from ANURAG, Hyderabad) CHIPPS(from CDOT, Bangalore) FLOSOLVER(from NAL, Bangalore)
  4. 4. PARAM Centre for Development of Advanced Computing  India’s first super computer – PARAM 8000  1 GF (Giga Flops) Parallel Machine  64 node prototype i.e. had 64 CPU’s  PARAM is Sanskrit and means “Supreme”  Programming environment called PARAS 
  5. 5. Based on Transputers 800/805  Theoretically peak performance was 1 giga flops  Practically provided 100 to 200 Mflops  Hardware upgrade was given to PRAM 8000 to produce the new PARAM 8600  Hardware up gradation was the integration of i860 with PARAM 8000 
  6. 6. PARAM 9000 Mission was to deliver teraflops range parallel system  This architecture emphasizes flexibility  PARAM 9000SS is based on SuperSarc Processors  Operating speed of processor is 75 Mhz  PARAM 10000 has a peak speed of 6.4 GFlops 
  7. 7. PARAM Padma Introduced in April 2003  Top speed of 1024 Gflops ( 1 Tflops)  Used IBM Power4 CPU’s  Operating system was IBM AIX 5  First Indian computer to break 1 Tflops barrier 
  8. 8. PARAM Yuva Unveiled in November 2008  The maximum sustainable speed is 38.1 Tflops  The peak speed is 54 Tflops  Uses Intel 73XX with 2.9 Ghz each.  Storage capacity of 25 TB upto 200 TB  PARAM Yuva II released in February 2013  Peak performance of 524 Tflops  Uses less power compared to its predecessor 
  9. 9. PARAM Yuva
  10. 10. ANUPAM Developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay  200 Mflops of sustained computing power was needed by them.  Based on standard MultiBus II i860 hardware 
  11. 11. ANUPAM Pentium Super Computer Placed at BARC
  12. 12. ANUPAM 860 First developed in December 1991  It made use of i860 microprocessor @ 40Mhz  Overall sustained speed of 30 Mflops  Upgraded version released on August 1992 has a computational speed of 52 Mflops  Further upgradation provided a sustained speed of 110 Mflops which was released in Novemeber 1992 
  13. 13.  Later up gradations provided a sustained computational speed of 400 Mflops which was equivalent to CRAY Y/MP Vector Supercomputers
  14. 14. ANUPAM Alpha Developed in July 1997 having a sustained speed of 1000 Mflops  Made use of Alpha 21164 microprocessor @ 400 Mhz  This system used complete servers / workstations as compute node instead of processor boards.  Updated version released in March 1998 had a sustained speed of 1.5 Gflops. 
  15. 15. ANUPAM Pentium Started in January 1998  Main focus of its development is the minimization of cost  The first version ANUPAM Pentium II/4 gave a sustained speed of 248 Mflops  ANUPAM Pentium II was expanded in march 1999 with a sustained speed of 1.3Gflops 
  16. 16. In April 2000 the system was upgraded to Pentium III/16 which gave a sustained speed of 3.5 Gflops  ANUPAM PIV 64 node has a sustained speed of 43 Gflops 
  17. 17. Applications All the three versions of ANUPAM was introduced to solve the computational problems at BARC.  The main fields that ANUPAM being used are  ◦ Molecular Dynamic Simulation ◦ Neutron Transport Calculation ◦ Gamma Ray Simulation by Monte Carlo Method ◦ Crystal Structure Analysis
  18. 18. PACE Developed by ANURAG (Advanced Numerical Research and Analysis Group) under DRDO  Developed as a result of R & D in parallel computing  Uses VLSI  Started in 1998  Motorolla 68020 processor @ 16.67 MHz 
  19. 19. Processor for Aerodynamic Computation and Evaluation (PACE)  Used to design computational Fluid Dynamics needed in aircraft  Developed version is Pace Plus 32 used in missile development  More advanced version is PACE++ 
  20. 20. ANAMICA - Software ANURAG’s Medical Imaging and Characterization Aid (ANAMICA)  Medical visualization software for data obtained from MRI , CT and Ultrasound  Has both two dimensional and three dimensional visualization  Used for medical diagnosis etc 
  21. 21. DHRUVA 3 Set up by DRDO for solving mission critical Defence Research and Development applications  Used in design of aircraft  Eg: Advanced Medium Combact Aircraft (AMCA) 
  22. 22. FLOSOLVER Started in 1986 by National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)  Used in numerical weather prediction  Varsha GCM could predict the weather accurately in two weeks advance uses FS  Based on 16 bit Intel 8086 and 8087 processors  Updated versions were released to increase the performance 
  23. 23. CHIPPS Developed to have indigenous digital switching technology  Established in rural exchanges and secondary switching areas  Speed of 200 Mflops is acquired 

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