WHAT IS A CLAUSE? A CLAUSE IS A GROUP OF RELATEDWORDS USED TOGETHER AS PART OF A SENTENCE. IT CONTAINS A SUBJECT AND A VERB.
PhraseOne way to define a phrase is to say it is a group ofwords that “belong together” in terms of meaning butdo not have both a subject and a verb. Phrase S + V Another way to think of a phrase is to think of how it works within a sentence. When you think of a phrase this way, you can define it as: Phrase = a group of words that acts like one word
Phrase example Here is a phrase: 1. the gym at the end of the streetIt acts like a noun The gym at the end of the street is new. It functions as the subject of the sentence and subjects are nouns.
KINDS OF CLAUSES AN INDEPENDENT OR MAIN CLAUSE- EXPRESSES A COMPLETE THOUGHT AND IT CAN STAND BY ITSELF. A DEPENDENT OR SUBORDINATE CLAUSE DOES NOT EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT AND CANNOT STAND BY ITSELF.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Ex…. THE CROWD BECAME VIOLENT. THE POLICE WAS COMPELLED TO TAKE ACTION AGAINST THEM.By joining these sentences..1. THE CROWD BECAME VIOLENT, AND THE POLICE WAS COMPELLED TO TAKE ACTION AGAINST THEM.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES MAY BE JOINED BY THE CONJUNCTIONS AND, BUT, OR, FOR, YET. JOHN CALLED ALL OF HIS FRIENDS. NOBODY TURNED UP.By joining these sentences.. JOHN CALLED ALL HIS FRIENDS BUT NOBODY TURNED UP.
DEPENDENT/ SUBORDINATE CLAUSE Ex.1. that he would work hard2. because the joke was funny3. when I was younger4. If you do not hurry5. After such hard work6. since I returned from Delhi7. as I had no money with me.
The uses of Subordinate Clauses Subordinate clauses are named according to their functions. They could do the work of…1. An Adjective2. An Adverb3. A Noun
THE NOUN CLAUSE A noun clause is a subordinate clause as a Noun.Examples….1. I believe that hard work is the key to success.2. I do not know who broke the window.3. I am not sure whether he would tell the truth.4. The law will punish whosoever is guilty.5. He showed how the problem was solved.6. Tell me what you think about this.7. They do not know where he is living.
NOUN CLAUSE Noun clauses are usually introduced by words like..1. That2. Whether3. What4. Who5. Whoever6. Whose7. Where8. Why9. How
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE An Adjective clause is a subordinate clause used as an adjective to modify a noun or a pronoun . It always follows the noun or the pronoun it modifies.1. The company that Sourabh worked in the last year is keen to have him back.2. Our house, which was built by our grandfather, has been sold to them.3. The children apologized to the man whose car they had damaged.
1. ADJECTIVE CLAUSE Adjective clauses are introduced by the pronouns..1. Who2. Whom3. Whose4. Which5. That6. With
ADVERB CLAUSE An Adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective or an adverb. Adverbial clauses express how, when, where or under what conditions. Ex.1. If you win the contest, you will be rewarded with a trophy.2. Whenever I visit you, I find your house in a mess.3. Neera looked as if she was about to faint.
ADVERB CLAUSE Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions. Some common subordinating conjunctions are1. After2. Although3. As4. As if5. As long as6. As soon as
CONTINUED…..1. Unless 9. Before2. Until 10. If3. When 11. In order that4. Whenever 12. Since5. Where 13. So that6. Wherever 14. Than7. While 15. Though8. Because
Add a suitable Noun Clause1. I thought _______________.2. The police must know __________________.3. The law will punish __________________.4. He begged ______________.5. Have you heard ________________?6. We are sure __________________.7. It is uncertain ______________.8. He saw _________________.9. I believe __________________.
Add a suitable adjective clause1. I know the place ________________.2. I found the book ________________.3. Where is the book _______________?4. God helps those _____________.5. Mary had a white lamb _________________.6. The man ____________ is my uncle.7. He met a boy _____________.8. People ___________ should not throw stones.9. Students _____________ get good jobs.
Add a suitable adverb clause1. Do not go _______________.2. We shall miss the train _________________.3. They fought ______________.4. _______________ I ran away.5. I will not go out _________________.6. You may go home _____________.7. ___________ I keep it.8. Fools rush in _________________.9. Arithmetic is less difficult ______________.