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Renewable sources of energy

Renewable sources of energy WHAT is renewable energy? WHY renewable energy? TYPES of renewable energy. Potential of renewable energy. This is a non-animated version. For animated version of the ppt contact: ajay.jakhar41@gmail.com

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RENEWABLE
SOURCES OF ENERGY
Ajay Kumar Jakhar
Renewable energy is energy that comes from
resources which are continually replenished such as
sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat.
Ajay Kumar Jakhar
Ajay Kumar Jakhar
In contrast to fossil energies such as oil, coal, uranium
and natural gas, the use of renewable energies protects
the climate and environment, is resource-efficient and
safe.
Renewable energies ensure greater independence
from energy imports, greater security of supply and
strengthen the domestic economy.
Using renewable energies avoids climate-damaging
emissions which cause significant follow-up costs
and have serious impacts.
Ajay Kumar Jakhar
Solar energy is the energy received by the
earth from the sun. This energy is in the
form of solar radiation.
Ajay Kumar Jakhar
Ajay Kumar Jakhar

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Renewable sources of energy

  • 2. Renewable energy is energy that comes from resources which are continually replenished such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 4. In contrast to fossil energies such as oil, coal, uranium and natural gas, the use of renewable energies protects the climate and environment, is resource-efficient and safe. Renewable energies ensure greater independence from energy imports, greater security of supply and strengthen the domestic economy. Using renewable energies avoids climate-damaging emissions which cause significant follow-up costs and have serious impacts. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 5. Solar energy is the energy received by the earth from the sun. This energy is in the form of solar radiation. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 10. The electricity generated by solar panels is free of cost. Government offers lots of rebates and incentives to cover the initial cost. The cost of technology is decreasing almost every few months and the efficiency is improving significantly. Solar energy is a renewable and clean source of energy. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 11. The initial cost of installation and equipment is high. Our inability to control or predict how much solar energy arrives on the earth’s surface at any place. A large surface is required for collecion of useful amounts of solar energy. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 12. Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electrical power, windmills for mechanical power, wind pumps for water pumping or drainage, or sails to propel ships. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 13. Uses of wind power Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 14. Uses of wind power Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 16. Wind energy is also a source of clean, non-polluting, electricity. Wind plants emit no air pollutants or greenhouse gases. The energy of generate is renewable. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 17. The technology requires a higher investment than fossil-fueled generators. Wind turbines make noise. Birds and bats have been killed by flying into the rotors. the major challenge to using wind as a source of power is that it is intermittent and doesn’t always blow when electricity is needed. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 18. Biomass is biological material from living, or recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly, or indirectly—once or converted into another type of energy product such as biofuel. Biomass can be converted to energy in three ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 20. Uses of Biomass Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 22. Available almost everywhere. Sulfur, nitrogen oxides, and carbon emissions can be significantly reduced by burning biomass. Growing biomass crops produce oxygen and use up carbon dioxide. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 23. More expensive than convention fossil fuels. A less concentrated form of energy, making it less efficient. Releases some emissions, especially if burned improperly. Research is needed to reduce the costs of Biomass based fuels. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 24. Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. Thermal energy is the energy that determines the temperature of matter. The Geothermal energy of the Earth's crust originates from the original formation of the planet (20%) and from radioactive decay of minerals (80%). Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 25. Uses of geothermal energy Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 26. Uses of geothermal energy Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 27. Geothermal energy involves low running costs. It does not create any pollution. It creates job for the local people. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 28. Requires huge one time investment. Suitable only for regions with hot rocks below the earth. Sites may contain poisonous gases which may pollute the environment. It cannot be easily transported. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 29. Hydropower or water power is power derived from the energy of falling water and running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes. Since ancient times, hydropower has been used for irrigation and the operation of various mechanical devices, such as watermills, sawmills, textile mills, dock cranes, domestic lifts, power houses and paint making. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 30. Uses of Hydro power Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 31. No fuel used so no pollution. Relatively low operations and maintenance costs. The technology is reliable and proven over the time. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 32. Requires huge one time investment. Suitable only for regions with hot rocks below the earth. Sites may contain poisonous gases which may pollute the environment. It cannot be easily transported. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 33. Tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into useful forms of power - mainly electricity. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 37. Tidal and wave energy is free, renewable, and clean source of energy . Highly efficient resource (compared with coal and oil at 30%, tidal power efficiency is about 80%). Energy capturing and conversion mechanism may help protect the shoreline. Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 38. It only produces electricity during tidal surges. Technology isn't fully developed Appropriate waves and tides are highly location dependent Ecosystem is disrupted during the construction of building the tidal fence. this affects the fishes and also the fishermen who depends their life on it.Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 39. The renewable energy supports the government's objectives of 'inclusive growth' and is part of solutions to meet nation's energy needs. The sector has grown at an annual rate of 23% to about 25,000 MW in March 2012 . The renewable power installed capacity forms 6.5% in the total electricity mix and 12.5% of total installed capacity in 2011- 2012 . With 17,352 MW of generation, WIND continues to account for 70% of installed capacity . Ajay Kumar Jakhar
  • 43. Potential and Achievement as on January 01, 2007 No. Sources / Systems Estimated Potential Cumulative Achievements I. Power From Renewables A. Grid-interactive renewable power 1. Bio Power (Agro residues) 16,8811 MWe 510.00 MW 2. Wind Power 45,1952 MWe 6315.00 MW 3. Small Hydro Power (up to 25 MW) 15,0003 MWe 1905.00 MW 4. Cogeneration-bagasse 5,0004 MWe 602.00 MW 5. Waste to Energy 2,7005 MWe 40.95 MW Sub Total (in MW) (A) 84,7766 MWe 9372.95 MW B. Distributed renewable power 6. Solar Power - 2.92 MW 7 Biomass Power / Cogen.(non-bagasse) - 34.30 MW 8. Biomass Gasifier - 75.85 MW 9. Waste-to- Energy - 11.03 MW Sub Total (B) - 124.10 MW Total ( A + B ) - 9497.05 MW
  • 44. Potential and Achievement as on January 01, 2007 II. Remote Village Electrification 2501 villages + 830 hamlets III. Decentralised Energy Systems 10. Family Type Biogas Plants 120 lakh 38.90 lakh 11. Solar Photovoltaic Programme 20 MW/sq.km. i. Solar Street Lighting System - 54659 nos. ii. Home Lighting System - 301603 nos. iii. Solar Lantern - 463058 nos. iv. Solar Power Plants - 1859.80 kWp 12. Solar Thermal Programme - i. Solar Water Heating Systems - 1.66 million sq.m. collector area ii. Solar Cookers - 6.03 lakh 13. Wind Pumps - 1141 nos. 14. Aero-generator /Hybrid Systems - 572 kW 15. Solar Photovoltaic Pumps - 7068 nos. IV. Other Programmes 16. Energy Parks - 493 nos. 17. Akshay Urja Shops - 104 nos. 18. Battery Operated Vehicle - 255 nos.