Pensions in the United Kingdom fall into seven major divisions;Basic State Pension, State Second Pension (S2P), OccupationalPensions, Stakeholder Pensions, Group Personal Pensions andPersonal or Individual Pensions. Personal accounts, automaticenrolment and the minimum employer contribution will be newpolicies joining these from 2012.
State Pensions The Basic State Pension (formerly, and often still known as Retirement Pension), is one part of the United Kingdom’s Government pension arrangement, alongside Graduate Retirement Benefit and State Earnings-Related Pension scheme (now State Second Pension). The State Pension is a "contribution based" benefit, and depends on an individuals National Insurance (NI) contribution history. For someone with the full number of qualifying years (years in which NI contributions were paid) which is 30 years, it is payable at a flat rate of £97.65 per week (2010/11). The table shows how the basic state pension for singles and married couples Married CPI adjusted CPI adjusted Year Single person couple single couple 2009-10 £95.25 £152.30 £95.25 £152.30 2010-11 £97.65 £156.15 £97.65 £156.15
Occupational Pensions Occupational pension schemes are arrangements established by employers to provide pension and related benefits for their employees. Categorization of pension schemes based on retirement benefits: Defined Benefit / Final Salary Schemes (DB / FSS): In such an arrangement, the employee was promised a fixed level of pension based on their final salary to which he or she would become entitled on retirement. The amounts payable are restricted by taxation rules. Defined Contribution /Money Purchase Schemes (DC / MPS): Over recent years, many employers have closed their defined benefit schemes to new members, and established defined contribution or money purchase arrangements. In this arrangement, the occupational pension pays into a fund, and the fund is used to buy a pension (typically an annuity) when the individual retires. The pension is therefore determined by the value of the fund and the health of the annuity when the individual retires, as opposed to their salary. Funding: UK occupational pension schemes are typically jointly funded by the employer and the employees. These are called "contributory pension schemes" when the employee contributes typically something in the region of 6% of salary, tax free and "Non contributory pension schemes" where the employer funds the scheme with no contribution from the individual.
Individual or Personal Pensions A Personal Pension Scheme (PPS), sometimes called a Personal Pension Plan (PPP), is a UK tax- privileged individual investment vehicle, with the primary purpose of building a capital sum to provide retirement benefits, although it may also be used to provide death benefits. Contributions to a PPS can be made either from the individual or from an employer. An individual can, each year, put in an amount up to the lower of 100% of their earned income or the prevailing annual allowance which means the maximum one can invest each year is 100% of your taxable earnings or £255,000 (in 2010/11), whichever is lower. An employer can contribute an amount of up to the annual allowance each year, provided that they can demonstrate to the local inspector of taxes that this contribution has been made wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the business. This definition is open to wide interpretation and HMRC have yet to provide any more concrete guidelines.
Stakeholder Pension Scheme Stakeholder pension schemes were introduced in the UK on the 6th April in 2001 to encourage more long-term saving for retirement, particularly among those on low to moderate earnings. They are required to meet a number of conditions set out in legislation, including a cap on charges, low minimum contributions, and flexibility in relation to stopping and starting contributions. Employers with five or more employees are required to provide access to a stakeholder pension scheme for their employees unless they offer a suitable alternative pension scheme. The features of stakeholder pensions were intended to make them cheaper to sell than existing personal pensions and to provide a more transparent and attractive saving vehicle. Conditions: All stakeholder pension schemes must be registered with The Pensions Regulator. Like Personal pension schemes, stakeholder pensions must provide an income in retirement using a minimum of 75 % of the fund. Up to 25 % of the fund can be taken as a tax free lump sum. Originally the maximum annual charge was 1.0 % of the fund value each year. Since 2005 this has increased to 1.5 % of the fund value for each year until the 10th year and 1 % thereafter. There can be no penalty on exit or entrance to the scheme, and the minimum contribution is £20 per month. However, payments can be stopped at any time and a single contribution of £20 is enough to open a plan.
Group Personal Pensions Group personal pensions are another pension arrangement which are linked to an employer. A group personal pension plan (GPPP) can be established by an employer as a way of providing all of its employees with access to a pension plan run by a single provider. By grouping all the employees together in this way, it is normally possible for the employer to negotiate favorable terms with the provider, thus reducing the cost of pension provision to the employees. The employer will also normally contribute to the GPPP.
Pensions (Snippets) Contracting-out certificate For organization to qualify for payment of reduced NICs, requires a contracting-out certificate from the Inland Revenue. The SCON and ECON numbers received needs to be entered into the system and specified on your end-of-year returns. Contracted-out NICs The system distinguishes employees for NI purposes according to whether or not they have contracted to pay into a pension scheme which has contracted-out of SERPS. An employee who has joined such a scheme also contracts out of SERPS and pays contracted-out NICs. An employee who decides against joining the contracted-out pension scheme does not contract out of SERPS, and therefore pays not-contracted-out NICs. Tax relief Tax relief is given on an employee’s pension contributions. Additional voluntary contributions An employee can make additional voluntary contributions (AVCs) to the company pension scheme. He or she can also make free-standing additional voluntary contributions (FSAVCs) to a separate individual scheme run by an insurance company, to take advantage of tax incentives. An employees overall pension contributions when added to any AVCs or FSAVCs must not exceed 15% of the employees total remuneration. The pensions component checks that employees do not exceed this statutory pension contribution threshold
Pension Funds GB (Infotype 0071) Definition This info type stores an employee’s own pension contributions, his or her employer’s contributions, as well as any additional pension contributions an employee may choose to make. All information for calculating contributions to be paid into employees’ pension schemes is stored in Pension Funds GB records. When employees opt to join schemes available in the company, we need to create the appropriate records for them, which are valid from the date on which they have chosen to join. During their employment, employees’ pension situations may change. Therefore it needs to be created new records to reflect each of these changes.
Categorization on the basis of Contribution Type In order to display or edit a Pension Funds GB record, first enter a pension subtype. This is the type of scheme that the employee contributes to, which may be a flat-rate, percentage, or a mixed- value pension scheme. Flat-Rate Contributions If the employee contributes to a flat-rate scheme, We must maintain both the flat-rate contributions for the employee and the employer in this info type. Percentage-Rate Contributions If the employee contributes to a percentage scheme, you must maintain both the percentage contributions for the employee and the employer in this info type. Mixed-Value Contributions When an employee in the company has opted for a mixed-value pension scheme, and contributes varying percentages or amounts from his of her salary, we must enter the respective contribution to be made, per band. These are the agreed amounts from the lower, middle and upper bands of the employees monthly gross salary which he or she will pay into the pension scheme. We must also maintain the employer’s mixed-value contributions in the same way.
Percentage Contributions The figures in the Reference fields under Employee and Employer in the Percentage contributions group box appear as defaults and are the standard employee and employer contributions agreed within your company. If an employee has a different arrangement, you should enter the relevant figures in the Actual fields of this group box. These amounts will be paid into the employees pension scheme. Band levels The low and high band levels divide an employees monthly gross salary into three bands - lower, middle, and upper (if need be). This utility is used when different percentages are applied to different salary levels.
Pensionable Pay BandsThe percentage values specified for the lower, middle, and upper bands are used by the payroll tocalculate the amount to be deducted from the employees monthly gross salary and paid into thepension scheme:If an employee earns up to the Low actual figure, the payroll deducts the Lower bandpercentage contribution from the salary.Example 1The low band level has been defined as £500.00.The lower band percentage contribution has been defined as 5%.An employee earns a monthly gross salary of £450.The employees monthly contribution into the pension scheme would be £22.50.(450 x 0.05) = 22.50
Pensionable Pay BandsIf an employee earns between the Low and High actual figures, the payroll deducts thelower band percentage contribution from the lower band of the salary and the middle bandpercentage contribution from the middle band of the salary.Example 2 The low band level has been defined as £500.00. The high band level has been defined as £750.00. The lower band percentage contribution has been defined as 5%. The middle band percentage contribution has been defined as 10%. An employee earns a monthly gross salary of £600.00. The employees monthly contribution into the pension scheme would be £35.00. (500 x 0.05) + (100 x 0.1) = 35.00
Pensionable Pay BandsIf an employee earns more than the High actual figure, the lower band percentage contributions arededucted from the lower band of the salary, the middle band percentage contributions from themiddle band of the salary, and the upper band percentage contributions from the upper band of thesalary.Example 3 The low band level has been defined as £500.00. The high band level has been defined as £750.00. The lower band percentage contribution has been defined as 5%. The middle band percentage contribution has been defined as 10%. The upper band percentage contribution has been defined as 5%. An employee earns a monthly gross salary of £1000. The employees monthly contribution into the pension scheme would be £62.50. (500 x 0.05) + (250 x 0.1) + (250 x 0.05) = 62.50
Additional Voluntary Contribution Flat-Rate Additional Voluntary Contributions. We can also record any additional voluntary contributions (AVCs) which will be paid by the employee into a pension scheme. Such flat-rate AVCs may be made on a regular or ad hoc basis, irrespective of the type of pension scheme the employee pays into. Percentage Additional Voluntary Contributions. We can also maintain any additional percentage voluntary contributions paid by the employee into his or her pension scheme. Such percentage AVCs may also be made on a regular or ad hoc basis, irrespective of the type of pension scheme the employee pays into. Free Standing Additional Voluntary Contributions. Free Standing Additional Voluntary Contributions (FSAVCs) are pension contributions which the employee can make to a personal pension provider, from his or her salary. An employee may make contributions to only one such scheme in a given tax year. Only employees who are also members of an occupational pension scheme may contribute to a FSAVC scheme.
/111 – Pensionable pay Wagetype Wage types which are to be included in pensionable pay are cumulated in the secondary wage type /111. The wage type helps to determine the amount to be paid to the employee. In order for a wage type to be included in the pensionable pay, there must be an check for the cumulation class 11.
GPENS Payroll FunctionThe function is necessary when calculating the pension fund contributions to be paid by bothemployee and employer in a particular pay period. The processing may be for multiple pension funds.ProcedureThe function makes use of the Pension Funds (0071) info type data as well as the GB-Pens tableand gross payroll data. This function is processed in the schema G000.
Year End Adjustment Wage types In the standard SAP solution for UK payroll, there are adjustment wage types commonly known as the ‘E’ (Augmentation) Wage types. Each statutory wage type has a corresponding E wage type, for example /101 (Total Gross) has the corresponding wage type E101 (total gross adjustment). E wage types enable you to adjust statutory cumulative totals (yearly) that will be reported on at end of year. They are processed by the personnel calculation rule GEOY. When E wage types are used, the RESULTS table as well as the CUMULATIVE RESULTS table are affected There are two reasons for this: 1.This allows correct auditing of the results 2. In the payroll driver, the CRT is only ever filled from the RT with the function ADDCU, so the value has to be on the RT to feed the CRT. The personnel calculation rule GEOY is situated at the end of the subschema GNTO, so that only wage types already in the RT are affected. This means that use of adjustment wage types can only directly affect the corresponding technical wage type and not indirectly any other wage types.
Reports RPCPENG0_NEW The Pension Results Report (RPCPENG0_NEW) produces a list of pension contributions for relevant employees, broken down by payroll area and pension scheme. We will generally run this report for third-party pension providers. This will enable us to check the amounts sent to the pension providers and produce a list of employees who are members of the scheme. Excess Pension Contribution – Simplification (RPCPENEOYG0) This report generates the list of employees who have excess contribution towards pension over either of the following: 1. Total taxable pay 2. Annual allowance Pension Contributions Report (RPCPENCONG0) This report displays the cumulated contributions of the employer and the employee towards various pension schemes in a particular tax year.