PSI Uttarakhand

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PSI Uttarakhand

  1. 1. UPSCALING SRI IN UTTARAKHAND & BUNDELKHAND (MOVING AHEAD WITH PARTNERS) - A Progress Report - PEOPLES’ SCIENCE INSTITUTE, DEHRADUN February 2011
  2. 2. The Beginning (2006 & 07) <ul><li>Awareness building </li></ul><ul><li>Trials and demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers’ mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Training and field support </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of outcomes </li></ul>While non-SRI yields stood close to 30 quintals per ha, the SRI yields were around 55 quintals per ha (average increase of 83%). February 2011 Particulars 2006 2007 Conventional SRI Conventional SRI No. of Farmers (Villages) 22 (13) 399 (85) Area (ha) - 0.48 11.00 Average Grain Yield (Q/ha) 31 55 28 55 Average Straw Yield (Q/ha) 60 75 55 75
  3. 3. SRI – A Boon for Mountain Farmers <ul><li>88% of farmers are small and marginal farmers with less than 0.4 ha (1 acre) per family. </li></ul><ul><li>Rice is the staple food of the populace. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher stalk volume means more fodder for the cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>More farmyard manure and possibly increased milk yields. </li></ul>POTENTIAL TO ADDRESS THE FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOOD NEEDS OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS February 2011
  4. 4. <ul><li>Major Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and support farmers to adopt SRI method through capacity building of local voluntary organizations (partner organisations). </li></ul><ul><li>Promote application of SRI principles on other relevant crops (Wheat, Finger Millet and Pulses) based on farm based trials. </li></ul><ul><li>The overall target is to bring at least 0.10 ha (5 nalis) of land/household under SCI to meet the household cereals requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Increase SCI grain yields by at least 50% over the conventional grain yields. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate wide scale extension of SCI in Uttarakhand through networking and policy advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Extend SCI in other deserving regions like Bundelkhand. </li></ul>Goal - To enable farmers in Uttarakhand to address their food and livelihood security needs through adoption of SRI practices Looking Ahead : PSI’s Upscaling Strategy for SRI February 2011
  5. 5. Process Selection of Basins and Partner Organizations (POs) Selection of villages and farmers Capacity building of master trainers and village level resource persons Information dissemination through media Field Support (including formation of Farmers’ Groups) Monitoring Exposure Trips Data Gathering & Dist. Workshops during Harvesting February 2011 Training of farmers State Workshop <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Proposed Programme Coverage under SRI (2010) About 6650 (~ 85%) farmers in Uttarakhand expected to adopt SRI in 396 ha February 2011 S. No. District Name of PO No. of Villages Repeat Farmers New Farmers Total Farmers Area (in Ha) A. Uttarakhand 1 Tehri Garhwal JVS, CVS 19 136 214 350 13.20 2 Rudraprayag PNVS 20 1363 237 1550 101.10 3 Chamoli GMVS 8 75 125 200 7.40 4 Uttarkashi SRDHA, GVK 33 125 625 750 19.00 5 Pauri Garhwal BVSS 11 261 89 350 20.20 6 Haridwar HIRA 4 45 155 200 5.70 7 Dehradun BVSS 3 0 100 100 1.60 8 Bageshwar KSS, HT, PVSS 52 2092 658 2750 159.50 9 Pithoragarh SWATI 27 559 291 850 46.80 10 Champawat KAGAS 10 45 105 150 4.90 11 U.Nagar SARASH 4 35 115 150 4.30 12 Nainital PGVS, CHESTHA 10 73 177 250 8.10 13 Almora BSLKS 3 25 125 150 3.80 Total 18 204 4834 2966 7800 395.60 B. Bundelkhand 1 Chitrakoot GPVS 6 0 150 150 4.80 2 Banda ABHYIAN 6 0 150 150 4.80 3 Panna KSS 6 0 150 150 4.80 4 Damoh GVS 6 0 150 150 4.80 Total 4 24 0 600 600 19.20
  7. 7. Training of Master Trainers and Village Level Resource Persons Classroom Sessions Practical Exercises <ul><ul><li>In 2010 Kharif </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six 2-days’ training workshops conducted (UKD- 4, BKD-2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 Master Trainers (UKD-32, BKD-8) and 92 VLRPs (UKD-68, BKD -24) </li></ul></ul>February 2011
  8. 8. Capacity Building of Farmers <ul><li>In Kharif 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>197 Orientation Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(UKD- 184, BKD- 13) focusing on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures of SRI. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstration of equipment use. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dos and Don’ts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Field support & trouble shooting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9,943 farmers trained (Target: 7800 UKD + 600 BKD) </li></ul></ul>February 2011
  9. 9. Communication Materials and Information Dissemination <ul><li>Advertisements spots in ETV and Doordarshan. </li></ul><ul><li>User-friendly manual on SRI (in Hindi) for farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Poster sets on SRI (in Hindi) for MTs and VLRPs. </li></ul><ul><li>Film on SRI (in Hindi). </li></ul>February 2011
  10. 10. Field Support Activities Nursery Raising Mulching Marking Transplanting February 2011
  11. 11. Programme Monitoring <ul><li>PSI’s resource staff regularly visits programme areas for monitoring and guidance. </li></ul><ul><li>A state level programme advisory committee (PAC) of experienced persons constituted, including experts, govt. officials, scientists. </li></ul><ul><li>PAC reviews the programme through field visits and holds meetings with the programme staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture Department and KVK officials invited to crop cutting events. </li></ul>February 2011
  12. 12. Extension & Policy Advocacy <ul><li>Exposure Visits: Exposure visits of farmers from neighboring villages organized before the harvesting of the paddy crop. </li></ul><ul><li>Experience-sharing Workshops : District-level experience-sharing workshops organized at the time of harvesting of the paddy crop to popularize and extend the SRI method in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>State-level Workshop : A state level workshop will be conducted where senior state level officials and policy makers will participate. </li></ul>February 2011
  13. 13. SRI Target and Achievement : Kharif 2010 <ul><li>No. of SRI Farmers in UKD & BKD </li></ul>February 2011 Area Coverage in UKD & BKD
  14. 14. SRI Crop Performance - Kharif 2010 (UKD) While non-SRI yields stood close to 3.8 T per ha, the SRI yields were about 7.1 T per ha (average increase of 86 %). February 2011 Particulars Conventional SRI No. of Effective Tillers/ hill 3 19 Average Plant Height (cm) 105 126 Average Panicle Length (cm) 20 26 Average no. of grains /Panicle 120 180 Grain Yield (Q/ha) 38 71 Straw Yield (Q/ha) 111 180 % Inc. in Grain Yield - 86 % Inc. in Straw Yield - 62
  15. 15. SRI Crop Performance - Kharif 2010 (BKD) While non-SRI yields stood close to 2.5 T per ha, the SRI yields were about 6.3 T per ha (average increase of 152 %). February 2011 Particulars Conventional SRI No. of Effective Tillers/ hill 5 18 Average Plant Height (cm) 72 90 Average Panicle Length (cm) 20 26 Average no. of grains /Panicle 81 175 Grain Yield (Q/ha) 25 63 Straw Yield (Q/ha) 65 134 % Inc. in Grain Yield - 152 % Inc. in Straw Yield - 106
  16. 16. February 2011 SRI Farmers and Area Coverage in Uttarakhand (2006 to 2010) Others POs added 9621 farmers Total No. of Farmers : 17,156 Others POs covered 544.9 Ha. Total Coverage : 958 Ha (2.8 Nalis/HH)
  17. 17. February 2011 Grain and Straw Yield : SRI v/s Conventional (2006 to 2010) Grain Yield (Q/Ha Straw Yield (Q/Ha
  18. 18. February 2011 Increase in Productivity : SRI v/s Conventional (2006 to 2010) (Productivity Increase in %)
  19. 19. Research <ul><li>Trials on SRI crop performance with different spacing, no. of seedlings/hill and no. of weedings. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials on other crops like maize, finger millet, wheat and pulses. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of soil nutrient status under SCI. </li></ul>February 2011
  20. 20. SRI Performance with Different Spacing February 2011 Maximum grain and straw yield was obtained under Plant to Plant and Row to Row spacing of 25cm x 25 cm Parameters Spacing (in cm) Average no. of Tillers per Hill Average Plant Height (cm) Average Panicle Length (cm) No. of Grains Per Panicle Grain Yield (T/Ha) Straw Yield (T/Ha) 20-20 X 20-20 27 88 23 159 6.13 8.63 25-25 X 25-25 36 96 28 197 7.63 11.48 30-30 X 30-30 40 78 28 192 5.28 8.35 20-20 X 15-15 19 86 21 143 5.00 8.35 R to R 20 cms (No plant to plant spacing) 16 84 20 132 4.18 6.50 Farmers’ Practice 5 77.5 17.75 113 3.23 5.85
  21. 21. SRI Performance for Different No. of Seedlings Maximum grain and straw yield was obtained with one seedling per hill February 2011 Parameters No. of Seedling/Hill Average No. of Tillers per Hill Average Plant Height (cm) Average Panicle Length (cm) No. of Grains per Panicle Grain Yield (T/Ha) Straw Yield (T/Ha) One Seedling (S 1 ) 33 88 28 182 7.25 11.40 Two Seedlings (S 2 ) 24 96 25 162 6.40 10.25 Three Seedlings (S 3 ) 17 78 22 147 5.73 8.50 Four Seedlings (S 4 ) 9 86 19 131 4.33 7.45 Farmers’ Practice (S 5 ) 5 84 18 123 3.65 5.78
  22. 22. SRI Performance with Different No. of Weedings Maximum grain and straw yield was obtained with three weedings February 2011 Parameters No. of Weeding Average No. of Tillers per Hill Average Plant Height (cm) Average Panicle Length (cm) No. of Grains per Panicle Grain Yield (T/Ha) Straw Yield (T/Ha) One Weeding ( W 1 ) 18 86 20 139 4.10 7.10 Two Weedings (W 2 ) 24 88 25 167 6.20 9.30 Three Weedings (W 3 ) 43 96 29 198 7.38 10.93 Manual Weeding (W 4 ) 7 78 19 132 3.35 5.78
  23. 23. GO –NGO Collaboration (2008-09) <ul><li>Formulation of a State Level Programme targeting 10,000 farmers in all the 13 districts of Uttarakhand </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation workshops for Chief Agriculture Officers (District Level). </li></ul><ul><li>Training Programmes for 56 ADOs (Block Level). </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure Visits of In Charge Officers and trainers from KVKs. </li></ul><ul><li>Financial support for weeders, compost and exposure visits of farmers </li></ul>Outcome: SRI included in the Uttarakhand’ State Agricultural Plan February 2011
  24. 24. Convergence with Other Programmes (2009-2010) <ul><li>ATMA & Macromanagement – Few partners got support in the form of seeds, and equipment and conducted training of ADOs (70) and farmers (550) in seven districts. </li></ul><ul><li>Ajeevika Programme – PSI conducted training programmes in Bageshwar and Tehri Garhwal districts of Uttarakhand. </li></ul><ul><li>Uttarakhand Decentralised Watershed Programme – Training of Master Trainers and Farmers conducted by PSI. </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural University & Research Institutions - Linkage with GBPUAT, Pantnagar; CSKHP Agriculture University, Palampur; VPKAS, Almora and RWRC, Malan. </li></ul><ul><li>NABARD – Will provide financial support to 9 POs for promoting SCI in 2011 in UKD. </li></ul>February 2011
  25. 25. GO-NGO Collaboration in HP (2010-2011) Implementing Agency: PSI through VOs and Department of Agriculture Officers Operational Area: (i) SRI -Wheat (6 districts namely Kangra, Mandi, Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Una and Sirmaur, (ii) SRI-Paddy, Entire State) Physical Target: Rabi 2010-11: 100 ha (3500 farmers) and Kharif 2011-12:620 ha (16,800 farmers) Expected Outcome : (i) Creation of a talent pool of about 800 resource persons including ADOs, SMSs, AEOs, KVK scientists, progressive village farmers and master trainers (ii)Formulation of a five year programme with the DoA, GoHP to extend the SRI technique to an area of at least 30,000 ha over the next five years. (iii) Production growth Financial Support: RKVY (2010-11 : Rs. 26,22,845; 2011-12 : Rs. 96,47,345) February 2011
  26. 26. Shortfall & Constraints <ul><li>Limited linkages with Agriculture Department and convergence of programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of mobilisation and support to experienced SRI farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailability of adequate and quality equipment (inadequate outlets for weeders) </li></ul><ul><li>Improper selection of master trainers and village level resource persons (VLRPs) </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate compost material (cow dung and urine) </li></ul><ul><li>Plant growth (logging, tillering, flowering) affected by heavy rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Deviations from recommended practices (seedling age, spacing, weeding, water and nutrient management) </li></ul>February 2011
  27. 27. Issues for Upscaling <ul><li>Selection of villages and farmers (cluster/basin approach, assured water availability and presence of small and marginal farmers ) </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of POs, Master Trainers and VLRPs (commitment, experience and performance based) </li></ul><ul><li>Timely availability of quality equipment and arrangement of compost material </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of farmers’ groups and federation for group activities and advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Research on other crops and location specific suitable varieties </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding variations in adoption (seedling age, spacing, weeding, water and nutrient management) </li></ul>February 2011
  28. 28. Thank You 252, Vasant Vihar, Phase I Dehra Doon - 248 006 Uttarakhand INDIA Web : www.peoplesscienceinstitute.com Mail : cpwdpsi@gmail.com Phone : +91 135 2763649, 2773849 Fax : +91 135 2763186
  29. 29. Moving Forward Approach: Saturating villages where SCI has been successfully demonstrated by increasing number of households and area coverage per household . The ultimate target is to bring at least 0.10 ha of land/household under SRI to meet the household cereal requirements February 2011 Year SRI (Uttarakhand) SRI (Bundelkhand) Farmers Area (Ha) Farmers Area (Ha) 2010-11 17,156 958 (0.056 ha/hh) 590 47.5 (0.08 ha/hh) 2011-12 18,500 1480 (0.08 ha/hh) 1500 135 (0.09 ha/hh) 2012-13 20,000 2000 (0.10 ha/hh) 5000 500 (0.10 ha/hh)
  30. 30. Uttarakhand: Trends in Rice & Wheat Production Source: Department of Agriculture, Uttarakhand, 2009 February 2011 Total Geographical Area (lakh ha) Total Population (lakh) Average Rainfall (mm) Net Sown Area (lakh ha) Area under Paddy (lakh ha) Total Rice Production (lakh tonnes) Average Yield of Rice (t/ha) Area under Wheat (lakh ha) Total Wheat Production (lakh tonnes) Average Yield of Wheat (t/ha) 53.49 85 1547 5.78 2.76 5.50 1.9 3.92 8.15 2.1
  31. 31. Target and Achievement of SRI (2010) February 2011 S. No. District Name of PO Target Achievement A. Uttarakhand No. of farmers Area (Ha.) No. of farmers Area (Ha.) 1 Tehri Garhwal JVS, CVS 350 13.2 303 17.28 2 Rudraprayag PNVS 1550 101.1 1600 112.0 3 Chamoli GMVS 200 7.4 148 6.4 4 Uttarkashi SRDHA, GVK 750 19.0 503 20.12 5 Pauri BVSS 350 20.2 380 19.0 6 Haridwar HIRA 200 5.7 250 12.7 7 Dehradun BVSS 100 1.6 106 4.24 8 Bageshwar KSS, HT, PVSS 2750 159.5 2621 114.41 9 Pithoragarh SWATI 850 46.8 857 68.82 10 Champawat KAGAS 150 4.9 129 6.45 11 U.Nagar SARASH 150 4.3 205 7.3 12 Nainital PGVS, CHESTHA 250 8.1 284 15.92 13 Almora BSLKS 150 3.8 149 8.94 Total 18 7800 395.6 7535 413.58 B. Bundelkhand 1 Chitrakoot GPVS 150 4.8 124 17.96 2 Banda ABHYIAN 150 4.8 93 2.8 3 Panna KSS 150 4.8 170 13.6 4 Damoh GVS 150 4.8 203 13.4 Total 4 600 19.2 590 47.76
  32. 32. Programme Coverage under SRI (2010) S. No. District No. of Villages Repeat Farmers New Farmers Total Farmers Area (in Ha) A. Uttarakhand 1 Tehri Garhwal 19 110 193 303 17.28 2 Rudraprayag 20 1200 400 1600 112.0 3 Chamoli 8 50 98 148 6.4 4 Uttarkashi 33 89 414 503 20.12 5 Pauri Garhwal 11 230 150 380 19.0 6 Haridwar 4 45 205 250 12.7 7 Dehradun 3 0 106 106 4.24 8 Bageshwar 52 1597 1024 2621 114.41 9 Pithoragarh 27 581 276 857 68.82 10 Champawat 10 54 75 129 6.45 11 U.Nagar 4 36 169 205 7.3 12 Nainital 10 48 236 284 15.92 13 Almora 3 25 124 149 8.94 Total 204 4065 (54%) 3470 (46%) 7535 413.58 B. Bundelkhand 1 Chitrakoot 5 0 124 124 17.96 2 Banda 6 0 93 93 2.8 3 Panna 9 0 170 170 13.6 4 Damoh 6 0 203 203 13.4 Total 26 0 590 590 47.76
  33. 33. February 2011
  34. 34. Moving Forward (2008 to 2010) Approach: Saturating villages where SCI has been successfully demonstrated by increasing number of households and area coverage per household . The ultimate target is to bring at least 0.10 ha of land/household under SRI and SWI to meet the household cereal requirements Desirable Coverage State Year SRI SWI Farmers Area (Ha) Farmers Area (Ha) UK 2008 9201 195.43 (0.02 ha/hh) 590 11.8 (0.02 ha/hh) 2009 12000 813 (0.07 ha/hh) 900 27 (0.03 ha/hh) 2010 20000 2000 (0.10 ha/hh) 2000 100 (0.05 ha/hh)

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