EXPERIENCE OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGY WITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS IN CHHATTISGARH Su...
Content <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability of SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement </li...
Context <ul><ul><li>High concentration of extremely poor communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undulating and hilly topog...
Agro climatic zones and Land use Northern Hills Zone Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
Opportunities  <ul><ul><li>Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agriculture are the obvious avenues to improve li...
SRI suitability <ul><li>Less inputs </li></ul><ul><li>High productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Quick nurseries timed with monso...
The Project <ul><li>Aims to: </li></ul><ul><li>Support 11 NGOs to introduce the SRI technique to 4700 farmers in 7 distric...
Coverage <ul><li>9 districts </li></ul><ul><li>37 blocks </li></ul><ul><li>11 NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>6612 families </li></ul>
Process followed Contextual to location : socio-economic status of the community, agricultural skill , existing institutio...
Approach for Extension   <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul><ul><li>Guided exposures with AV aids </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitizi...
Achievement <ul><li>676 families  </li></ul><ul><li>129.4 Ha (0.48 acre per farmer) </li></ul><ul><li>Average yield 5MT/Ha...
SRI steps followed by farmers <ul><li>Seed rate 5 kg/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim)...
Summer Crop (09-10) <ul><li>1182 famers in 408 Acres </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>978 did Paddy in 144 Ha </li></ul></ul></ul...
Departures of rainfall  Name of the district June  actual Rainfall % DEP Jashpur 11 -96 Kanker 29.5 -85 Dhamtari 98.7 -42 ...
Lessons Learnt <ul><li>Exposure Visit  </li></ul><ul><li>Use of farm implements (weeders and markers) </li></ul><ul><li>Us...
Chhattishgarh SRI Manch <ul><li>Formed with the objective to share and disseminate lessons from the project with various s...
Nursery Bed in Barethinbaha
Use of marker during transplantation in Batbani
Preparing land for Transplantation
Using weeder in broadcasted field in Kurankhemli
Use of indigenous Marker in Sarguja
Tillers after 35 days of transplantation
Application of weeder in Charama
State Level workshop <ul><li>Workshop organised at state level for dissemination of learning in promoting SRI </li></ul><u...
Plan (2010-2013) <ul><li>9 districts </li></ul><ul><li>11 Partner NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>340 village </li></ul><ul><li>137...
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Pradan Chattisgarh

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Pradan Chattisgarh

  1. 1. EXPERIENCE OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGY WITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS IN CHHATTISGARH Supported by SDTT
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability of SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Context <ul><ul><li>High concentration of extremely poor communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undulating and hilly topography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average annual rainfall of 1400 mm, high runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable farming systems, monsoon dependent, low yielding (1/3rd of country average )and mono cropped, Paddy accounts for 85 to 90% of gross cropped area </li></ul><ul><li>About 60% of the tribal community face food grain scarcity for 6-9 months </li></ul><ul><li>An average a family harvests 1 ton of paddy every year whereas requirement is 2 ton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High dependence on fast depleting forest resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High incidences of distress migration and indebtedness </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Agro climatic zones and Land use Northern Hills Zone Chhattisgarh Plains Zone Bastar Plateau Zone
  5. 5. Opportunities <ul><ul><li>Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agriculture are the obvious avenues to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for intervention in Kharif Paddy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>low yields in the range of 1-2 tons per hectare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>small and marginal farmers could manage food grain sufficiency of 3-6 months from own cultivation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>farmers in this region are unable to transplant timely due to unpredictable monsoon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge was at least to double the productivity- increased to 5MT/ha leading to food-grain sufficiency for 8-9 months </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. SRI suitability <ul><li>Less inputs </li></ul><ul><li>High productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Quick nurseries timed with monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>Requires less labour </li></ul><ul><li>Can better withstand water stress periods </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of mechanization </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Project <ul><li>Aims to: </li></ul><ul><li>Support 11 NGOs to introduce the SRI technique to 4700 farmers in 7 districts during kharif 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Cover 3200 families under SRI intervention in our area of operation in Raigarh, Dhamtari and Kanker districts </li></ul><ul><li>Initiate demonstration in the fields of 1100 farmers in new pockets during summer 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>The duration of the project is one year – from June 2009 till May 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Budget 62.92 lakhs INR </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 8. Coverage <ul><li>9 districts </li></ul><ul><li>37 blocks </li></ul><ul><li>11 NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>6612 families </li></ul>
  9. 9. Process followed Contextual to location : socio-economic status of the community, agricultural skill , existing institutions and PRADAN’s perspective.
  10. 10. Approach for Extension <ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul><ul><li>Guided exposures with AV aids </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitizing women SHG members </li></ul><ul><li>Enable resource persons with technology and communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Hands on training and support to SHG families </li></ul><ul><li>Development of POP and kits for easy delivery of technology and inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Organized weeders </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievement <ul><li>676 families </li></ul><ul><li>129.4 Ha (0.48 acre per farmer) </li></ul><ul><li>Average yield 5MT/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>6612 families raised nurseries </li></ul><ul><li>3993 families transplanted </li></ul><ul><li>781 Ha transplanted area (0.49 acre/farmer) </li></ul><ul><li>Average Yield of 4.8 MT/ Ha </li></ul><ul><li>Summer (08-09) </li></ul><ul><li>Kharif (09-10) </li></ul>
  12. 12. SRI steps followed by farmers <ul><li>Seed rate 5 kg/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim) </li></ul><ul><li>Transplantation of young seedling(8-14 days old), two leaf stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Single seedling transplantation with soil, no damage to root system </li></ul><ul><li>Square transplantation, 16 -25 seedling sq meter </li></ul><ul><li>Thin film (<1inch) water maintained in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding at least twice using rotary weeders (Ambica weeder) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased use of compost </li></ul>
  13. 13. Summer Crop (09-10) <ul><li>1182 famers in 408 Acres </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>978 did Paddy in 144 Ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>204 did wheat in 19 Ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Moisture stress </li></ul><ul><li>Yield data to be compiled </li></ul>
  14. 14. Departures of rainfall Name of the district June actual Rainfall % DEP Jashpur 11 -96 Kanker 29.5 -85 Dhamtari 98.7 -42 Korwa 3.7 -98 Koriya 52.7 -73 Bastar 87.6 -58 Raigarh 15.3 -92 Bilaspur 43.1 -76
  15. 15. Lessons Learnt <ul><li>Exposure Visit </li></ul><ul><li>Use of farm implements (weeders and markers) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of organic pesticides (Handikhat) </li></ul><ul><li>Chhattisgarh SRI munch </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of Weeder at local level </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity in Rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of Water Conservation structures </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring timely transplantation </li></ul><ul><li>What went well </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges faced </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chhattishgarh SRI Manch <ul><li>Formed with the objective to share and disseminate lessons from the project with various stakeholders as well as monitoring the progress </li></ul><ul><li>Comprises of 11 NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Quarterly meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of Innovations and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging as a forum for policy advocacy </li></ul>
  17. 17. Nursery Bed in Barethinbaha
  18. 18. Use of marker during transplantation in Batbani
  19. 19. Preparing land for Transplantation
  20. 20. Using weeder in broadcasted field in Kurankhemli
  21. 21. Use of indigenous Marker in Sarguja
  22. 22. Tillers after 35 days of transplantation
  23. 23. Application of weeder in Charama
  24. 24. State Level workshop <ul><li>Workshop organised at state level for dissemination of learning in promoting SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists from IGKV, Department of Agriculture, NFSM, Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Farmers, Agriculture Minister of Chhattisgarh, Chief Secretary, VC of IGKV, NGOs participated in the workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Issues Discussed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting SRI in large scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating farm ponds in the Paddy fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of farm Implements at Local level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of compost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training need of farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing the productivity of paddy </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Plan (2010-2013) <ul><li>9 districts </li></ul><ul><li>11 Partner NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>340 village </li></ul><ul><li>13700 families (by 2013) in 2450 Ha </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(6100 Families in 1 st year, 10100 families in 2 nd year) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Training to all 13700 farmers </li></ul>
  26. 26. Thank you

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