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System of Rice  Intensification (SRI)  in  Orissa  Success at a glance By:  Dr. Babaji Giri Director of Agriculture & Food...
Importance   of WM in rice <ul><li>In India- 52% rice is irrigated & consumes 40% of all irrigation water resources </li><...
WHY  WATER  MANAGEMENT ? <ul><li>HIGHER PRODCTIVITY (qnty. & qlty.)  </li></ul><ul><li>BETTER RESOURCE USE </li></ul><ul><...
Productivity of Rice in Orissa & All India (in kg./ha)   Year Total Food Grain Rice All-India Orissa All-India Orissa 1950...
Food crisis means even more  water crisis…   Rice cultivation Demands  more water Need is to produce  more rice with less ...
Comparison between Traditional Method and  SRI SRI in Orissa
Low cost marker designed by SVA Low cost marker used  by farmers SRI in Orissa
Field preparation for transplanting in SRI  by use  of marker  in  Nuapada district
Operation of Mandwa weeder by farmer in Nuapada district
SRI at maturity stage (Keonjhar district)
Government Interventions <ul><li>Earlier interventions facilitated by CBOs/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Research by OUAT, Direct...
1)SRI Promotion programme was started in Orissa in the year 2007-08 by the State Agriculture Department.  2)Thereafter the...
SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations and trainings to 50 farmers @ Rs 12,500/- p...
Some Important Observations 2007-08 <ul><li>Avg Yield from 1113 observations   58.43 Qtl/ha </li></ul><ul><li>of different...
SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations No of FFS District covered RKVY 1500 (2008-...
SALIENT FEATURES OF SRI VILLAGE UNDER RKVY 2008-09 (SRI Village) <ul><li>Suitable farmers having irrigated land in continu...
SRI in Mayurbhanj district
SRI in Mayurbhanj district
SRI in Mayurbhanj district
 
 
 
THE VISITING FARMERS
THE GOVT. OFFICERS
 
SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations No of FFS District covered NFSM 2009-10 134...
Salient Features of Promotion of SRI 2009-10 under State Plan <ul><li>The programme was implemented by the NGO/ CBO/ Pani ...
“ SRI”  IN ODISHA  Area in Ac.   N:B- Rs. 13000 per each SRI Unit(10 Ac.) for the year 2010-11 SCHEME 08-09 09-10 10-11 (P...
ROLE OF NGOs IN PROMOTING SRI <ul><li>SRI in the year 2008-09 was conducted by  the State   Agriculture Department at Dist...
SRI Demonstration in Jaipuriaguda village in Malkangiri district Variety-MTU-1001  (Kharif 2008-09)
Transplanting & operation of cono weeder by the farmer in the SRI demonstration in Kalahandi district
ACTION PHOTOS ON SRI(BOLANGIR DISTRICT) Farmer   MANU BHOI Vill.    DUNGURIPALI Block:  GUDVELLA
ACTION PHOTOS ON SRI(BOLANGIR DISTRICT) Farmer  MANU BHOI Vill.    DUNGURIPALI Block:  GUDVELLA
Operation of cono weeder in SRI field  by farmer in Jharsuguda district
SRI at tillering stage (Keonjhar district)
SRI at late tillering stage (Keonjhar district)
SRI  at a glance (Dhenkanal District)
 
 
 
 
 
SRI in  2010-11 <ul><li>In the year 2010-11 it has been proposed to extend SRI demonstration and training programme to Gra...
COST STRUCTURE OF 10.00 ACRE DEMONSTRATION(1UNIT) AND TRAINING Sl.No Item  Qty  Cost /unit  In Rs.  Total Cost involved in...
PROJECTED OUTLAY <ul><li>Cost involved in demonstration & training in each block @ 20 units per block  </li></ul><ul><li>=...
FUND ALLOCATION Project Fund Allocation Physical Units  (10.0 acre each) Fin (Rs in Lakh) State Plan 1229 160.00 RKVY a) F...
SALIENT FEATURES <ul><li>SRI unit will be of 10.0 acre each and 200.0 acres of demonstration (20 units) will be allotted t...
Nuapada district
 
Smt Tilattama Rana Award winner from Chief .Minister.
SRI Demonstration in Rukuniguda village of Malkangiri district
SRI in Malkangiri district Variety-MTU-1001  (Kharif-2008-09)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Look at my crop
 
Comparison Between SRI & conventional Rice Plant
Quality implementation of SRI
5% Model and Farm ponds with SRI <ul><li>Strengthening field - bunds </li></ul><ul><li>Assuring controlled irrigation </li...
“ FOOD SECURITY AND SRI”  EXPERIENCE   OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) WITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS
Direct seeded SRI In medium low land  50 tillers with 35 tillers having panicle
Thank you THANK YOU
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Dr. Babaji Giri (Director - Agriculture, Govt of Orissa)

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Dr. Babaji Giri (Director - Agriculture, Govt of Orissa)

  1. 1. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Orissa Success at a glance By: Dr. Babaji Giri Director of Agriculture & Food Production, Orissa
  2. 2. Importance of WM in rice <ul><li>In India- 52% rice is irrigated & consumes 40% of all irrigation water resources </li></ul><ul><li>In Orissa- 43% is irrigated-but consumes 65% of all irrigation water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Much higher WR (1 cm/each day duration) </li></ul><ul><li>Most inefficient user of water (3.7 kg/ha mm) </li></ul><ul><li>60-83% of total water applied to rice field is lost as deep percolation </li></ul><ul><li>3000-4000 litre water is sufficient to produce 1 kg rice, but </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In India it is about 15 000 litres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even in Japan it is about 6000 litres </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. WHY WATER MANAGEMENT ? <ul><li>HIGHER PRODCTIVITY (qnty. & qlty.) </li></ul><ul><li>BETTER RESOURCE USE </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER WUE </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHIER NUE </li></ul><ul><li>BETTER MGT. OF BIOTIC STRESS </li></ul><ul><li>RESTORATION OF SOIL HEALTH </li></ul>
  4. 4. Productivity of Rice in Orissa & All India (in kg./ha) Year Total Food Grain Rice All-India Orissa All-India Orissa 1950-51 522 - 668 520 1960-61 710 906 1013 986 1970-71 872 847 1123 917 1980-81 1023 865 1336 1026 1990-91 1380 992 1740 1198 2000-01 1626 884 1901 1041 2006-07 1707 1213 2084 1557 2007-08 1854 1344 2203 1720 2008-09 - 1249 - 1553
  5. 5. Food crisis means even more water crisis… Rice cultivation Demands more water Need is to produce more rice with less water The solution is… System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
  6. 6. Comparison between Traditional Method and SRI SRI in Orissa
  7. 7. Low cost marker designed by SVA Low cost marker used by farmers SRI in Orissa
  8. 8. Field preparation for transplanting in SRI by use of marker in Nuapada district
  9. 9. Operation of Mandwa weeder by farmer in Nuapada district
  10. 10. SRI at maturity stage (Keonjhar district)
  11. 11. Government Interventions <ul><li>Earlier interventions facilitated by CBOs/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Research by OUAT, Directorate of water management,CRRI </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>NFSM,RKVY,ATMA,Work Plan, State Plan Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>SRI Village </li></ul><ul><li>SRI in STATE AGRIL. POLICY-2008 </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1)SRI Promotion programme was started in Orissa in the year 2007-08 by the State Agriculture Department. 2)Thereafter the programme is being popularized through various Schemes operating in the state with active participation of State Agricultural University, NGOs/CBOs etc..
  13. 13. SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations and trainings to 50 farmers @ Rs 12,500/- per demonstration and training District covered RKVY 2000 (2007-08) 27
  14. 14. Some Important Observations 2007-08 <ul><li>Avg Yield from 1113 observations 58.43 Qtl/ha </li></ul><ul><li>of different HY paddy varieties </li></ul><ul><li>using SRI practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Avg yield from control plots. 39.70 Qtl/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in Yield over control plots. 47.18 % </li></ul><ul><li>Highest Yield recorded in Khurda 98.30 Qtl/ha </li></ul><ul><li>district using Naveen variety. </li></ul><ul><li>Highest increase in yield over control 162.34 % </li></ul><ul><li>plot in Dhenkanal dist using Naveen </li></ul><ul><li>paddy variety. </li></ul>
  15. 15. SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations No of FFS District covered RKVY 1500 (2008-09) (SRI Village) 30 30 Work plan (Rice Dev.) 2136 (2008-09) @12.0 Ac per Block 178 15 NFSM 2008-09 4516(Kh) 4000(Rabi) 452(Kh) 200(Rabi) 15 ATMA 18195 51 30
  16. 16. SALIENT FEATURES OF SRI VILLAGE UNDER RKVY 2008-09 (SRI Village) <ul><li>Suitable farmers having irrigated land in continuous/ contiguous path were selected. </li></ul><ul><li>SRI village programme was executed by NGO/SHG/FIG etc involved in SRI with due approval from Collector of concerned district. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Testing of demonstration plots was ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>Seed Treatment was ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>A training of 5 days in FFS mode on SRI was imparted to 100 nos of trainees. </li></ul><ul><li>A Field Day was conducted at the time of harvest taking all trainees and other leading farmers of the area (preferably 200 nos). </li></ul><ul><li>Proper documentations of all important operations was done in VCD, photographs form. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of the programme was done after the completion of the project. </li></ul>
  17. 17. SRI in Mayurbhanj district
  18. 18. SRI in Mayurbhanj district
  19. 19. SRI in Mayurbhanj district
  20. 23. THE VISITING FARMERS
  21. 24. THE GOVT. OFFICERS
  22. 26. SRI demon. Under different schemes (1.0 acre each) Scheme No of demonstrations No of FFS District covered NFSM 2009-10 1342 15 State Plan 2009-10 314x 30Ac = 9420 Ac 314 30
  23. 27. Salient Features of Promotion of SRI 2009-10 under State Plan <ul><li>The programme was implemented by the NGO/ CBO/ Pani Panchayat/ Watershed Committee etc under the supervision of the state Agril Department </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration of 30 Acres (SRI Group) with supply of critical units like seed (60 kg), Markers (2 nos), Cono/ Mandwa weeder (8 nos) </li></ul><ul><li>Training for 50 farmers for 2 days on various practices of SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost involved was Rs 1.00 crore. </li></ul>
  24. 28. “ SRI” IN ODISHA Area in Ac. N:B- Rs. 13000 per each SRI Unit(10 Ac.) for the year 2010-11 SCHEME 08-09 09-10 10-11 (Prog.) RKVY 1500 (30 SRI Villages @ 50 Ac each at District level) 9420 (314 SRI Group @ 30 Ac. Each at Block level) 62800 (6280 SRI units @ 10 Ac. Each at GP level) NFSM 8516 1342 1342 WORK PLAN 2136 - 1424 FARMERS OWN SOURCE 7768 10897 15000 TOTAL 19920 21659 80566
  25. 29. ROLE OF NGOs IN PROMOTING SRI <ul><li>SRI in the year 2008-09 was conducted by the State Agriculture Department at District level in association with NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>In the year 2009-10 also SRI was conducted at the block level by the involvement of NGOs/ SHGs/ Water shed committee/Pani panchayat etc. </li></ul><ul><li>During the year 2009-10 in 23 districts 59 NGOs have promoted 16492 farmers to practice SRI in 8882.96 acres </li></ul>
  26. 30. SRI Demonstration in Jaipuriaguda village in Malkangiri district Variety-MTU-1001 (Kharif 2008-09)
  27. 31. Transplanting & operation of cono weeder by the farmer in the SRI demonstration in Kalahandi district
  28. 32. ACTION PHOTOS ON SRI(BOLANGIR DISTRICT) Farmer MANU BHOI Vill. DUNGURIPALI Block: GUDVELLA
  29. 33. ACTION PHOTOS ON SRI(BOLANGIR DISTRICT) Farmer MANU BHOI Vill. DUNGURIPALI Block: GUDVELLA
  30. 34. Operation of cono weeder in SRI field by farmer in Jharsuguda district
  31. 35. SRI at tillering stage (Keonjhar district)
  32. 36. SRI at late tillering stage (Keonjhar district)
  33. 37. SRI at a glance (Dhenkanal District)
  34. 43. SRI in 2010-11 <ul><li>In the year 2010-11 it has been proposed to extend SRI demonstration and training programme to Gram Panchayat level. </li></ul><ul><li>In each bock 200 acres of demonstration in 20 clusters of 10.0 acre each is proposed. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of demonstration including iunput cost like seed, bio-fertiliser, cono-weeeder, marker and a two days training involving 25 farmers is Rs 13,000/- </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost of the project is Rs 8,16,69,000/- which will be borne from RKVY and State Plan schemes. </li></ul>
  35. 44. COST STRUCTURE OF 10.00 ACRE DEMONSTRATION(1UNIT) AND TRAINING Sl.No Item Qty Cost /unit In Rs. Total Cost involved in Rs. 1. Demonstration a) Seed @ 2.0kg/ acre 20.00 kg 15.00 300.00 b) Seed treating chemicals / Bio-pesticides 35.00 c) BGA @ 4.0 kg/ac 40.00 kg 15.00 600.00 d) Azotobacter @ 2.0 kg/ac 20.00kg 40.00 800.00 e) Azospirillum @ 2.0 kg/ac 20.00kg 40.00 800.00 f) PSB 20.00kg 40.00 800.00 g) Marker 2 nos 1080.00 2160.00 h) Cono Weeder/ Mandwa weeder 2 nos. 1440.00 2880.00 2) Training (25 farmers) twice during the cropping season a) Working lunch (2x25)xRs60 60.00 3000.00 b) Training Material 25 25.00 625.00 3. Display Board 1 500.00 500.00 4. Misc. Contingency 500.00 total 13000.00
  36. 45. PROJECTED OUTLAY <ul><li>Cost involved in demonstration & training in each block @ 20 units per block </li></ul><ul><li>= Rs 13000.00x20= Rs 2,60,000/- </li></ul><ul><li>In all the 314 Blocks (314 x Rs2,60,000/-) Rs 8,16,40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Contingencies at Headquarters level Rs 29,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total RS 8,16, 69,000 </li></ul>
  37. 46. FUND ALLOCATION Project Fund Allocation Physical Units (10.0 acre each) Fin (Rs in Lakh) State Plan 1229 160.00 RKVY a) Funds already allotted 463 60.25 b) Project Approved 4588 596.44 Total RKVY 5051 656.69
  38. 47. SALIENT FEATURES <ul><li>SRI unit will be of 10.0 acre each and 200.0 acres of demonstration (20 units) will be allotted to each block. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis should be given to cover maximum nos of GPs within the allotted demonstration. </li></ul><ul><li>The funds for the purpose will be placed with the concerned PD, ATMA for the funds sanctioned under RKVY and with the DAOs under State Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>The concerned AO/VAW/LVAW in charge of the G.P will look after the demonstration programme under supervision of the AAO of the block. </li></ul><ul><li>For successful implementation of the programme the help of the local NGO/SHG/Panipanchayat/ Watershed Committee/GKM can be taken. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds for the demonstration will be procured from the Government sources only and the seed treatment by suitable fungicide should be ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Bio-fertilisers in appropriate doses should be ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>For purchase of implements like Cono weeder/ Mandwa weeder/ Marker local registered SSI units/ OSIC/ OAIC should be contacted. </li></ul>
  39. 48. Nuapada district
  40. 50. Smt Tilattama Rana Award winner from Chief .Minister.
  41. 51. SRI Demonstration in Rukuniguda village of Malkangiri district
  42. 52. SRI in Malkangiri district Variety-MTU-1001 (Kharif-2008-09)
  43. 79. Look at my crop
  44. 81. Comparison Between SRI & conventional Rice Plant
  45. 82. Quality implementation of SRI
  46. 83. 5% Model and Farm ponds with SRI <ul><li>Strengthening field - bunds </li></ul><ul><li>Assuring controlled irrigation </li></ul>
  47. 84. “ FOOD SECURITY AND SRI” EXPERIENCE OF PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) WITH SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS
  48. 85. Direct seeded SRI In medium low land 50 tillers with 35 tillers having panicle
  49. 86. Thank you THANK YOU

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