Learn English Grammar - Reported Speech I


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Learn English Grammar - reported speech - direct and indirect speech.

This is an English lesson from Language Open Learning Learn English Grammar Course.


For more details on the Learn English course from Language Open Learning, please visit the website at http://www.LanguageOpenLearning.com

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Learn English Grammar - Reported Speech I

  1. 1. w w a geOpenL r w .L ngua eaning.comReported Speech 1Language Open Learning EnglishGrammar Guide
  2. 2. Reported SpeechWhat it is: We tell people what other people have said. Rarely the exact words – just a summary •Peter: Bye Amy, It’s been really good seeing you again. I’ll call you next week. •Amy telling Emma: “I saw Peter today. He said he’d call me next week. Change will to would and the people – e.g. you to mewww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  3. 3. Reported Speech Tense Changes statements reported with a past tense and an optional that.Present simple to past simple: Present Continuous to past continuous•I need some help. •We are having our lunch•She said that she needed some help •She said that we were having our lunchPast simple to Past Perfect To being to to to was going to•I wrote two letters to her •They are going to come back•He said he had written two letters to her •She said they were going to come back Will to would, can to could •I will be home at 6pm •He said he would be home at 6pmwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  4. 4. Reported Speech Tense Changes There is no change for: Must, might, could, should, would •I must leave straightaway for London •He said he must leave straightaway for London For must we can also use had to •He said he had to leave straightaway for London.If the words are in the past simple, they can stay the same.When we write the words that someone says, we use speech marks””(inverted commas).If we write a report, there are no speech marks www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  5. 5. Reported SpeechNo Tense Changes If the report is about something that is always true there is no tense change •I like apples more than I like oranges •He said he likes apples more than he likes oranges If it has immediate relevance, we do not change tenses •I’m going to the cinema tonight, do you want to come? •Jack is on the phone. He says he’s going to the cinema tonightwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  6. 6. Reported SpeechSpeakers in reported speechIn writing, if the speaker is mentioned they can go at the front or the end of the sentence. Notice the full stop •Jack said, “We are going to miss the train.” •“We are going to miss the train,” Jack saidIn reported speech, the speaker is only mentioned at the start •Jack said that they were going to miss the trainwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  7. 7. Reported SpeechPeople, place, time In reported speech, people, places and times often change because of the points of view •“I’ll see you here tomorrow,” said Amy •Amy said that she would see me there the next day. •“I bought this book yesterday,” said Peter. •Peter said that he had bought the book the day before.www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  8. 8. Reported SpeechSummarising We usually just summarise what people say when we make reports •“Look, actually, tell him I’ll give me a call or email him next week, OK?” •He said that he’d get in touch next week If we report the exact words, it is called VERBATIM reportingwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  9. 9. Reported SpeechSay, tell, speak We say something, but, we tell somebody. Both can be followed by that •“It’s warm today,” she said. •She told me that it was warm. •She said that it was warm. We can use to after say but NEVER after tell •“I come from Scotland” •He told me that he comes from Scotland •He said to me that he comes from Scotland. Speak describes the action of talking •Simon spoke to me at the supermarket yesterdaywww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
  10. 10. Want to know more?Contact us• www.LanguageOpenLearning.com• www.Facebook.com/LanguageOpenLearning• Skype - AjarnKen• Twitter - @AjarnKenwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com