Tpcast Tfire And Ice

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Analysis of Fire and Ice using TPCASTT

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  • Notice the “5” this is a marker to assist readers writers as they discuss poetry. It gives them something to quickly anchor themselves to.
  • Tpcast Tfire And Ice

    1. 1. TPCASTT click on the Screen to advance the slides<br />A Strategy for Understanding an Author’s Message <br />(THEME) in a Poem<br />
    2. 2. Fire and Ice by Robert Frost<br />Some say the world will end in fire,<br />Some say in ice.<br />From what I’ve tasted of desire<br />I side with those who favor fire.<br />But if I had to perish twice, 5<br />I think I know enough of hate<br />To say that for destruction ice<br />Is also great<br />And would suffice.<br />
    3. 3. TPCASTT strategy<br />T – Title<br />P – Paraphrase<br />C – Connotations (what are the emotional connections of the images, figurative language, word choices, allusions, symbols?)<br />A – Attitude<br />S – Shift<br />T – Title (again)<br />T - THEME<br />
    4. 4. Title<br />Fire and Ice <br />Commentary: These words are opposites. Why are they in a title together? <br />HINT:<br />Be sure to know all meanings of words in titles<br />Consider how the words in a title relate you each other, other literary works, you, the world…<br />
    5. 5. Paraphrase<br />Some say the world will end in fire,<br />Some say in ice.<br />From what I’ve tasted of desire<br />I side with those who favor fire.<br />Paraphrase: The world will end from fire, possibly a result of desire.<br />HINT:<br />Be sure to look up any words you don’t know.<br />Put into your own words lines or entire stanzas from the poem.<br />Don’t be fooled by a short poem. Sometimes those short poems are full of ideas.<br />
    6. 6. Paraphrase cont’d<br />But if I had to perish twice, 5<br />I think I know enough of hate<br />To say that for destruction ice<br />Is also great<br />And would suffice.<br />Paraphrase: The world could also end in ice, possibly the result of hatred.<br />
    7. 7. Connotations<br />HINT:<br />Consider the emotional meanings of words, phrases, images, allusions, figurative language, symbolism.<br />Make connections among and between words.<br />Fire a symbol for desire<br />Ice a symbol for hate<br />The author connects these words, and the emotional meanings are connected with the world ending. Hate will end the world; desire will end the world. These things are part of our human nature, but they can be destructive. <br />
    8. 8. Connotations (cont’d)<br />“suffice”<br />The last line uses this word which seems understated compared to the topic of the world ending. The speaker sounds “matter of fact” about the causes of the ending.<br />HINT:<br />Look for sarcasm, understatement, hyperbole to determine emotional connections to topics.<br />
    9. 9. Connotations (cont’d)<br />Fire and ice are opposites, yet they both will end the world. This is a paradox (a contradictory yet true statement), and the author shows us that these extremes can both have the same result.<br />
    10. 10. Attitude<br />The speaker seems to be accepting and matter-of-fact. It seems that all things must end because human beings move between “desire” and “hate” all the time.<br />HINT:<br />Attitude is how the speaker feels about the topic. <br />What exactly is the topic?<br />
    11. 11. Shift<br />The shift of this poem occurs at the beginning when the author moves from the perspective of “some” to the personal pronoun “I” perspective. There seems to be a personal connection to how things will end.<br />HINT:<br />Look for changes in meter, rhyme scheme, topic, point of view, setting.<br />
    12. 12. Title (again) <br />Fire and Ice<br />What do these destructive forces mean to others?<br />What do they mean to the speaker. Not the end of the world but the end of something else—maybe a relationship?<br />HINT:<br />Think about how the title now has connections to the connotations and attitude in the poem.<br />
    13. 13. Theme <br />HINT:<br />If you are struggling to understand a message, put it together like this:<br />1. Topic(destruction)<br />2. Topic phrase (destruction from fire and ice)<br />3. Theme: Relationships can end from wanting too much or from hating too much.<br />Relationships can be destroyed by wanting something too much or by hating something.<br />This could be connected to personal relationships or connected globally to relations between countries.<br />
    14. 14. Conclusion<br />T Title<br />P Paraphrase<br />C Connotations<br />A Attitude<br />S Shift<br />T Title (again<br />T Theme<br />What a great strategy for understanding what a poem means!<br />

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