Biochip

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Increases the speed of diagnosis of diseases
It is used for the identification purpose
It can be used to locate missing and kidnapped people
In cases when a natural disasters occurs it helps to locate people easily

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Biochip

  1. 1. BIOCHIP- Life on a chip 1
  2. 2. NEXT GENERATION TECHONOLOGY “A single electronic card may replace everything in your wallet including. . . • . . .your cash •. . . your credit cards •. . . your ATM card •. . . your ID cards •. . . your insurance •. . . and your life FUTURE One card, or one chip, with your life on it.” 2
  3. 3. •The biochip technology was originally developed in 1983 for monitoring fisheries, it’s use now includes, over 300 zoos, pets, monitoring lab animals, fisheries, endangered wildlife, automobiles, hazardous waste, and humans. •Biochips are "silently" inching into humans. For instance, at least 6 million medical devices, such as artificial body parts (prosthetic devices),chin implants, etc., are implanted in people each year. And most of these medical devices are carrying a "surprise" guest — A BIOCHIP. • To date, over 7 million animals have been "chipped. HISTORY…. 3
  4. 4. BIOCHIP - VERICHIP 4
  5. 5. •The current, in use, biochip implant system is actually a fairly simple device. •Today’s, biochip implant is basically a small (micro) computer chip, inserted under the skin, for identification purposes. •The biochip system is Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system, using low-frequency radio signals to communicate between the biochip and reader. 5
  6. 6. What is RFID? • RFID ….. radio frequency identification • It is the use of an object (referred to as an RFID tag) incorporated into a product, animal or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves. 6
  7. 7. RFID • RFID tags contain 2 parts:- a) integrated circuit for storing and processing information, modulating and demodulating a radio frequency signal. b) antenna for receiving and transmitting signal 7
  8. 8. RFID Three types of tags Active RFID tags…. it contains a battery and transmit signals autonomously. Passive RFID tags …. it contains no battery require external source to provoke signal transmission. Battery assisted passive…. same as active but have significant high range. 8
  9. 9. RFID in mobile phones:- RFID – SIM CARD RFID present in the sim card of a cell traces the person using it even when the cell is switched off 9
  10. 10. Implementation Of RFID In Biochip A biochip is complete when there is TRANSPONDER (the chip)  READER / SCANNER 10
  11. 11. TRANSPONDER •Computer Chip: Stores the unique ID number •Antenna Coil: Primitive Radio antenna to receive and send signals •Tuning Capacitor: Charged by the small (1/1000 of Watt) signal sent by the reader •Glass Capsule: Made of biocompatible material such as soda lime glass, hermetically (air-tight) sealed, covered with Polypropylene polymer 11
  12. 12. READER/ SCANNER •Transmits a small signal •Charges the tuning capacitor •ID number transmitted by the transponder 12
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  14. 14. Advantages of Biochips ● Increases the speed of diagnosis of diseases ● It is used for the identification purpose ● It can be used to locate missing and kidnapped people ● In cases when a natural disasters occurs it helps to locate people easily 14
  15. 15. Disadvantages of biochips ● Initial implementation cost is high ● lack of privacy ,a less powerful eye compared to god is watching the user all the time ●If at any time the biochip fails is a challenging question that still puzzles scientists 15
  16. 16. SUMMARY ● Biochips is going to set the new trend in Medicine ,communication and identification Still in research phase, but soon will be commercially used 16
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