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Organizational Theory


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Organizational Theory

  1. 1. ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY An Introduction
  2. 2. Mechanist Approach (1) <ul><li>Scalar chain </li></ul><ul><li>Division of work </li></ul><ul><li>Authority and responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Subordination of individual interest to general interest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mechanistic approach (2) <ul><li>Emphasizes productivity, precision, and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Workers as cogs </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks are repetitive </li></ul><ul><li>Parts are interchangeable </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alternatives (1) Living Systems <ul><li>Living Systems approach emphasizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free-flowing communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Alternatives: (2) Cultural approach <ul><li>The Cultural approach emphasizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared meanings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretations of reality </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Alternatives (3) Critical approach <ul><li>The Critical approach emphasizes: </li></ul><ul><li> whose voices get to be heard </li></ul><ul><li>organizational democracy </li></ul>