INTERACTIONAL VIEW Of Paul Watzlawick
Basic Ideas <ul><li>Individuals must be understood as part of a family system </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic factors more impo...
Rules of the Game <ul><li>Theory involves a number of axioms and these comprise “rules of the game” </li></ul><ul><li>Game...
Axioms <ul><li>One cannot not communicate / influence </li></ul><ul><li>Communication = content + relationship; relationsh...
Symmetry/Assymetry <ul><li>Comm’n tends to be either symmetrical (equal power) or complementary (unequal power) </li></ul>...
Double Bind <ul><li>Families highly resistant to change </li></ul><ul><li>People often caught in double bind of mutually e...
Reframing <ul><li>Destructive rules can be changed only when participants can see them as though from outside </li></ul><u...
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Interactional View

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Chapter 12

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Interactional View

  1. 1. INTERACTIONAL VIEW Of Paul Watzlawick
  2. 2. Basic Ideas <ul><li>Individuals must be understood as part of a family system </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic factors more important than personality traits and motives in understanding family communication </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on how individual behavior affects the group </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rules of the Game <ul><li>Theory involves a number of axioms and these comprise “rules of the game” </li></ul><ul><li>Games are sequences of behavior governed by rules </li></ul><ul><li>Each family creates its own homemade rules </li></ul><ul><li>Families tacitly collude to maintain status quo </li></ul>
  4. 4. Axioms <ul><li>One cannot not communicate / influence </li></ul><ul><li>Communication = content + relationship; relationship interprets the communication </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship more important than content and dominates in crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship depends on how parties punctuate : i.e. how each person marks the beginning of an interaction </li></ul><ul><li>People tend to see themselves as reacting rather than provoking </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symmetry/Assymetry <ul><li>Comm’n tends to be either symmetrical (equal power) or complementary (unequal power) </li></ul><ul><li>One-up comm’n tries to control the exchange (not necessarily successful) </li></ul><ul><li>One-down comm’n yields control </li></ul><ul><li>One-across comm’n neutralizes control </li></ul>
  6. 6. Double Bind <ul><li>Families highly resistant to change </li></ul><ul><li>People often caught in double bind of mutually exclusive expectations </li></ul><ul><li>In a double-bind the higher-status person often behaves as THOUGH the relationship is symmetrical </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reframing <ul><li>Destructive rules can be changed only when participants can see them as though from outside </li></ul><ul><li>Reframing involves “re-punctuation” or looking at things in a new light </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting a new frame means rejecting old ones </li></ul><ul><li>This is a process that usually involves outside help </li></ul>

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