Dramatism

3,006 views

Published on

Chapter 23

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,006
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
30
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
55
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Dramatism

  1. 1. DRAMATISM OF KENNETH BURKE
  2. 2. Dramatism as Criticism <ul><li>Language as strategic resource </li></ul><ul><li>Life IS drama; both speaker and listener are engaged in that drama </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasion involves audience identification (overlap between speaker and audience SUBSTANCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification achieved through STYLE and CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>Identification can work both ways </li></ul>
  3. 3. The dramatistic pentad <ul><li>Dramatistic pentad is tool to analyze persuasion </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasion is about speaker’s attempt to get the audience to believe his version of reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation (and worldview) is revealed through relative stress he/she gives to each of five elements: act, scene, agent, agency (means), purpose. E.g.: stress on setting and circumstance downplays free will. </li></ul><ul><li>Essential values revealed through </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of “god-term” </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of “devil-term” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elements of the Pentad <ul><li>Act (names what took place in thought or deed) (realism) </li></ul><ul><li>Scene is background of the act or situation in which it occurred (determinism) </li></ul><ul><li>Agent is the person or kind of person who performed the act (idealism) </li></ul><ul><li>Agency is the means or instruments used to perform the act (pragmatism) </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose (speaker’s) is the implied or stated goal of the act (mysticism) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Guilt-Redemption Cycle <ul><li>Ultimate purpose is purging of guilt (tension, anxiety, shame, noxious feelings generally). </li></ul><ul><li>Negative feelings: from negativity in language, technology, hierarchies, binary oppositions, pressure for perfection (rotten with perfection) </li></ul><ul><li>Guilt is purged through self-blame or, more commonly, victimage , designating a common external enemy – this helps identification. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric: public search for perfect scapegoat </li></ul>
  6. 6. Critique <ul><li>Inconsistency in use of terms </li></ul><ul><li>Literary allusions </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption that guilt is the primary human emotion is unsubstantiated; HOWEVER, this focus gives Burke’s approach a critical edge, a way of resisting rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>Religious imagery is problematic </li></ul>

×