Adaptive Structuration Theory

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Adaptive Structuration Theory

  1. 1. Adaptive Structuration Theory Scott Poole
  2. 2. GROUP DECISION MAKING <ul><li>INFLUENCED not DETERMINED by: </li></ul><ul><li>group composition, communication networks, status hierarchies, task requirements, group norms, peer pressure </li></ul><ul><li>ADAPTIVE STRUCTURATION THEORY moves beyond determinism, beyond phases </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Ideas <ul><li>Addresses issues of stability and change, free will and determination </li></ul><ul><li>Rejects a single sequence of group effectiveness in decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Few groups (25%) follow a single sequence model </li></ul><ul><li>Group dynamics too complicated to reduce to simple propositions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Structuration <ul><li>Structuration : People enter into situations not of their own making, yet can transform it </li></ul><ul><li>Rules : ideas people have about how something should be done </li></ul><ul><li>Resources : materials, possessions, attributes (incl. expertise, relationships) people bring; in short-supply, unequally distributed </li></ul><ul><li>Production : people ADAPT rules and resources in interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction : action reinforces existing system. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Structuration (2) <ul><li>People consciously adapt rules and resources to accomplish goals THROUGH COMMUNICATION </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction raises concerns of morality, communication and power </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and resources restrain/empower </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation: rules/resources borrowed from parent culture (e.g. one person, one vote; balloting; anonymous idea generation) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structuration (3) <ul><li>Spirit – the values behind the interaction, hold rules and resources together. Spirit determines when appropriation is faithful or ironic . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Duality of Structure <ul><li>Rules and resources are both the medium and the outcome of the interaction. A decision is affected by rules and resources, but it also affects those structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and resources can be stable through continual use, or can change , sometimes gradually through “interpenetration of structures” (e.g. consensus method might interpenetrate voting method) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Implications and Critique <ul><li>Groups create themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for small, gradual changes </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical preferences for certain forms of communication not essential to the theory: e.g. anti-authoritarian, pro-democratic, anti-conformist </li></ul>

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